How big is the gap? In 2016, Qiu Xujian, Director of Transportation Department of the Urban Construction Department of the Ministry of Housing and Construction, pointed out that the demand gap for parking spaces in Chinese cities was more than 50%. Yan Liang, chairman and CEO of Sunshine Haitian Parking Industry Group, once pointed out to the media that there are at least 80 million parking gaps in China.
How to fill the gap of tens of millions of parking spaces? With limited land resources, relying solely on new parking spaces is obviously unrealistic. Therefore, Shanghai began to implement tidal staggered parking in 2015, many cities have followed suit. Since the beginning of 2019, many places have studied, drafted, promulgated and further updated the relevant opinions on shared parking, and come up with various ways to activate parking resources.
Encourage owners, government agencies, enterprises and institutions to share parking spaces in wrong time
Generally speaking, most parking spaces in residential areas will be idle during the daytime, while the parking demand of government organs, enterprises and institutions is large at this time. Therefore, owners, government organs, enterprises and institutions should be encouraged to share when car dislocations occur.
Guangzhou plans to encourage units and individuals to implement wrong time parking. Units and individuals may entrust parking spaces with the right to use to parking managers or reserve parking service enterprises;
Nanning intends to encourage conditional units and residential construction projects to open special parking lots to the public and implement shared parking and staggered parking. Owners and property service enterprises are encouraged to rent parking spaces when compensation is wrong through Internet information technology.
Shenyang shared 50,000 parking spaces during the year. We will share parking dislocations among government organs, enterprises and institutions, and guide parking dislocations in neighboring parking areas to be opened to the outside world.
Jinan permits and encourages the opening of internal parking facilities in government institutions and various enterprises, and achieves corresponding benefits; promotes staggered parking, and encourages conditional residential areas to share parking spaces with surrounding commercial and office buildings.
Local Facts: Low Profit, High Cost, Troublesome Use
Can parking space sharing really ease parking difficulties? China-Singapore Longitudinal and Weft Clients sorted out reports throughout the year and found that the current effect of this measure is uneven between heat and cold. Some regions have helped the resource side to make profits, while some regions have been affected by factors such as less profits, low default cost, and difficulties in finding, which has reduced the enthusiasm of both the supply and demand sides, resulting in the shared parking space, which soon changes back to private parking space.
Chengdu has encouraged sharing parking for more than a year and a half. The Chengdu Business Daily reports that Wenfei, the owner, has earned 7411.79 yuan, which can be withdrawn at any time. He said that when other vehicles come to share parking spaces, they can limit the parking time, while when the parking spaces are empty, they can hang out for a certain length of time every week and get rewards.
According to shun.com, the layout of a residential building with units on one side and residential buildings on the other side in Jinan was originally suitable for shared parking, but it was unable to make profits and issue invoices, which dampened the enthusiasm of the unit. The parking space in the residential area was restored and divided into Chu River and Han boundary, and the unit staff and residents had to park their own cars.
In Qingdao, Lu. com reported that many shared parking software on the market only signed contracts with their respective cooperative parking lots, resulting in information decentralization, difficulty in promoting APP, and high cost of platform investment.
According to the Sanxiang Metropolitan Daily, a property worker at the Qianping Parking lot of Xinyu Building near the First Hospital of Changsha introduced that 19 shared parking spaces were laid out last year, but all of them have been discontinued. Because the parking space near the hospital is very popular, the introduction of shared parking space needs guidance, and the fee is not enough for manual expenses, and it will be discontinued after one month of use.
According to the Yanzhao Evening News, Ms. Yuan of Shijiazhuang once used shared parking. She thought that the owners shared parking mode was relatively tedious and difficult to find. There are hundreds or even thousands of parking spaces in an underground garage. Although there are navigation, it is also very tedious to find that shared parking space. In addition, multi-platform decentralized operation also limits the choice of users. For parking, I downloaded four parking apps on my mobile phone.
Changsha Evening News reported that Wang Yamin, deputy of Changsha Peoples Congress, pointed out from another point of view that the vast majority of residential districts are closed management, once social vehicles are allowed to enter, the risk index will naturally be raised; the owner will also be headached if the shareholder does not pick up the car on time, and three or five defaults will naturally dampen the enthusiasm of sharing.
Beijing and other places: encourage intelligent guidance and clarify sharing and reward mechanism
In order to improve the convenience of sharing parking spaces, Changsha supports the development and promotion of Internet parking applications for mobile terminals, improves the efficiency of parking resources utilization and reduces traffic congestion caused by parking locations; Nanjing has put into operation a smart parking management platform, the citys parking network management, online parking guidance and booking services, so as to let drivers know where to spare in time. Parking spaces can also realize the sharing of parking resources.
Relevant officials of the Beijing Municipal Transport Commission disclosed that they are studying and issuing guidance on sharing parking at wrong time, integrating more parking space data into the platform, and establishing information sharing mechanism to facilitate residents to find parking resources nearby.
This is in line with the previous recommendation of Li Jin, chief researcher of China Enterprise Research Institute: parking management information system should be built in all regions to dynamically integrate parking resources in the city, and provide query services for the public through mobile app, website, telephone and other ways.
In addition, in order to improve the enthusiasm of both suppliers and demanders, Beijing will also clarify the incentive mechanism for suppliers of parking facilities and the restraint mechanism for parking space users. In August, Chengdu also proposed to subsidize parking space sharing service enterprises by fractions.
How is the development of shared parking industry at present? Yin Xiaoshun, general manager of Chengdu Tutule Science and Technology Co., Ltd., said that private parking spaces have been stationed in more than 300 buildings in Chengdu, with about 120,000 people approving and supporting the sharing of parking spaces. Chengdu Yibo Information Technology Co., Ltd. released 60,000 shared parking spaces in Chengdu, and more than 10,000 shared parking spaces were traded in 2018.
Beijing Tsinghua Tongheng Planning and Design Research Institute Limited and Parking Equipment Working Committee of China Heavy Machinery Industry Association issued the White Paper on the Development of Parking Industry in China 2018, which shows that by the end of 2018, China has approved nearly 210 billion yuan of urban parking bonds.
Lian Weiliang, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, believes that parking lot construction is the most suitable project area for cooperation between the government and social capital. Enterprises should be encouraged to finance directly through bonds and financial institutions should be encouraged to provide credit support in various ways.
Wang Jie, deputy director of China Parking Industry Association, said that sharing parking spaces is a good way to solve parking problems in future cities, but many practical problems still need to be solved in the process of concrete promotion, such as improving benefit distribution mechanism, dynamic differential pricing, effectively guiding demand, speeding up standardization construction, and guaranteeing the rights and interests of all parties in order to solve parking problems and support the realization of shared parking. (Zhongxin Jingwei APP)
Source of this article: Editor in charge of Sino-Singapore longitude and latitude: Chen Hequn_NB12679