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BEIJING, Oct. 12 (Xinhua). The Ministry of Education issued opinions on deepening the reform of undergraduate education and teaching to comprehensively improve the quality of personnel training. Documents require that examinations and graduation exports be strictly controlled. It is mentioned that those who fail to meet the qualified requirements of the National StudentsPhysical Health Standard cannot graduate by strengthening the examination of students physical education courses.
According to the Ministry of Education, on October 12, the Ministry of Education recently issued the Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Undergraduate Education and Teaching and Improving the Quality of Personnel Training in an All-round Way (hereinafter referred to as Opinions).
Opinions requires that exams and graduation exports be strictly controlled. We should strengthen the management of examinations, enforce the discipline of examinations, and resolutely cancel the clean-up examination such as the make-up examination before graduation. To strengthen the examination of studentsphysical education curriculum, those who fail to meet the qualified requirements of the National Students Physical Health Standard can not graduate. Scientific and rational formulation of undergraduate graduation design (thesis) requirements, strict management of the whole process, and serious handling of various types of academic misconduct. We will implement the management measures for bachelors degrees, improve the management system for bachelors degrees, strictly enforce the standards for bachelors degrees and the management of authorization, and strictly control the granting of degrees.
The full text is as follows:
Views of the Ministry of Education on Deepening the Reform of Undergraduate Education and Teaching and Improving the Quality of Personnel Training in an All-round Way
1. Strict management of education and teaching
1. Ideological and political education should run through the whole process of personnel training. We should persist in taking the effectiveness of Li De Shu Ren as the fundamental criterion to test all the work in Colleges and universities. We should use Xi Jinpings new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics to cultivate the soul and speed up the construction of the ideological and political work system in Colleges and universities, and promote the formation of the three full education work pattern. Taking ideological and political theory course as the key course to fulfill the fundamental task of establishing morality and cultivating people, promoting the reform and innovation of Ideological and political theory course, building a number of Ideological and political theory courses with demonstration effect, and constantly enhancing the ideological, theoretical and affinity and pertinence of Ideological and political theory course. Taking the ideological and political construction of curriculum as the key link to fulfill the fundamental task of cultivating people with moral integrity, insisting on the unity of knowledge imparting and value leading, dominant education and recessive education, fully exploring the ideological and political education resources contained in various courses and teaching methods, building a number of Ideological and political demonstration universities, launching a number of Ideological and political demonstration courses, and selecting a number of excellent ideological and political teaching courses. Teachers should build a number of research and demonstration centers for ideological and political education in order to lead the whole process of all-round education.
2. Encourage students to study hard. Colleges and universities should conscientiously strengthen the construction of style of study, and educate and guide students to patriotism, inspiration, truth-seeking and practice. We should enhance the academic challenge, strengthen the quality requirements of personnel training program, teaching process and teaching assessment, scientifically and rationally set the total amount of credits and the number of courses, increase the time spent by students, increase the proportion of independent learning time, and guide students to read more books, think deeply, ask questions well and practice diligently. Reasonably increase studentsreading and physical exercise time, and incorporate them into the assessment results in appropriate ways. Actively organize students to participate in social surveys, productive labor, voluntary services, public welfare activities, scientific and technological inventions and work-related activities.
3. Improve the quality of curriculum construction in an all-round way. Based on the needs of economic and social development and the goal of talent training, optimize the proportion structure of public courses, professional basic courses and professional courses, strengthen the overall design of the course system, improve the planning and systematization of the course construction, avoid the randomness and fragmentation, and resolutely put an end to the design of courses according to people. Implementing the 20,000 Program of national and provincial first-class curriculum construction, and striving to create a large number of high-level, innovative and challenging offline, online and offline hybrid, virtual simulation and social practice golden lessons. Actively develop Internet + education, explore new forms of intelligent education, and promote classroom teaching revolution. Strict classroom teaching management, strict teaching discipline, to ensure the quality of teaching.
4. Promote the compilation and use of high-level textbooks. Party committees in Colleges and universities should attach great importance to the construction of teaching materials, implement the main responsibility of colleges and universities in the construction of teaching materials, improve the management system and mechanism of teaching materials, and clarify the Department of teaching materials work. We will do a good job in the unified use of key textbooks for Marxist theoretical research and construction projects, and promote the transformation of the textbook system into the teaching system. Encourage and support high-level experts and scholars to compile high-level textbooks that meet the needs of the country and reflect their individual academic expertise, and give full play to the educational function of textbooks.
5. Improve the operation mechanism of internship. Promote and improve the legal system of undergraduate internship, and improve the system guarantee for various employing units to accept undergraduate internship. Fully consider the actual work of teaching and practice units in Colleges and universities, optimize the management of practice process, strengthen the responsibilities of practice tutors, and improve the effect of practice. We will increase support for studentsinternship work, encourage colleges and universities to insure students with liability insurance for the whole process of internship activities, and support the construction of a number of shared internship bases. We will further strengthen practical education, deepen the integration of industry and education and school-enterprise cooperation, and build a number of high-level application-oriented colleges and universities with strong support for regional and industrial development.
6. Deepening innovation and entrepreneurship education reform. We should tap and enrich the innovative and entrepreneurship education resources of all kinds of courses and links, strengthen the collaborative education of innovative and entrepreneurship, and build a good talent pool of innovative and entrepreneurship demonstration universities and 10,000 excellent innovative and entrepreneurship mentors. We will continue to promote the National College Students innovation and entrepreneurship training program, improve the overall level of the National College Students innovation and entrepreneurship annual meeting, run the Internet + College Students innovation and entrepreneurship competition, and carry out youth red dream building activities.
9. Strictly control the examination and graduation exit. We will improve the academic evaluation system, which combines process assessment with result assessment, and use written, oral and non-standard answer examinations to scientifically determine the proportion of classroom questions and answers, academic papers, research reports, homework assessment and periodic tests. We should strengthen the management of examinations, enforce the discipline of examinations, and resolutely cancel the clean-up examination such as the make-up examination before graduation. Strengthen the examination of students physical education courses, and those who fail to meet the requirements of the national standards of students physical health cannot graduate. Scientific and rational formulation of undergraduate graduation design (thesis) requirements, strict management of the whole process, and serious handling of various types of academic misconduct. We will implement the management measures for bachelors degrees, improve the management system for bachelors degrees, strictly enforce the standards for bachelors degrees and the management of authorization, and strictly control the granting of degrees.
2. Deepening the Reform of Education and Teaching System
11. Deepening the reform of specialty supply side in Colleges and universities. Guided by the needs of economic and social development and studentscareer development, we should build a management system of professional settings that integrates autonomy, flexibility, standardization and stability. We will improve the mechanism for forecasting and warning the demand for talents, promote the formation of a linkage mechanism for enrollment, personnel training and employment in undergraduate colleges and universities, and establish and improve a dynamic adjustment mechanism for undergraduate majors. Leading by the construction of new engineering, new medicine, new science and new liberal arts, we will promote the adjustment, optimization and connotation upgrading of specialty structure, strengthen the main specialty, build the specialty with special advantages, upgrade and transform the traditional specialty, and resolutely eliminate the specialty that can not adapt to the changes of social needs. We will further implement the Six Excellences and One Top Program 2.0, comprehensively implement the 20,000 Program for the construction of first-class undergraduate majors at the national and provincial levels, and promote innovation and development in various professional fields. We will improve national standards for undergraduate majors and promote the upgrading of quality standards.
12. Promote the reform of the minor specialty system. Promote the cultivation of compound talents, gradually implement the minor specialty system, and support full-time undergraduates who have more resources to minor in other undergraduate specialties. Colleges and universities should study and formulate the catalogue of their minor majors. The minor majors should belong to different majors. In principle, the selection of minor students is not later than the beginning of the second academic year. Subsidiary majors should refer to the requirements of personnel training in the same specialty, and determine the curriculum system, credit standards and bachelors degree awarding standards. We should combine the orientation of the school with the characteristics of minor specialties, promote the comprehensive reform of personnel training mode, and form a characteristic personnel training program. It is necessary to establish and improve the linkage mechanism of talent training, resource allocation and management system which is suitable for the major and minor courses system. No minor bachelors degree shall be awarded to students who have not obtained a major bachelors degree. The minor bachelors degree shall be indicated in the major bachelors degree certificate, and the degree certificate shall not be issued separately.
13. Pilot projects of double bachelors degree personnel training will be carried out. Supporting qualified universities to innovate talent training mode, and carrying out the pilot project of double bachelors degree talent training to provide students with interdisciplinary learning and diversified development opportunities. The pilot project shall be submitted to the provincial Degree Committee for examination and approval, and students shall be admitted through the college entrance examination. The pilot program adheres to the principle of high starting point, high standard and high quality, and its disciplines should have the right to confer doctors degree, and belong to two different disciplines. The pilot personnel training program should be fully demonstrated to fully reflect the curriculum requirements, credit standards and bachelors degree awarding standards of the two majors, and the requirements should not be reduced in disguise. Colleges and universities should promote the sharing of pilot projects and existing teaching resources, promote the organic integration of different professional courses, and realize the training of differentiated and Characteristic Talents on the basis of interdisciplinary. A double bachelors degree may be awarded to those who graduate from a bachelors degree and meet the requirements of a bachelors degree. Only one degree certificate is issued for double bachelors degree, and the two degrees awarded should be indicated in the certificate. Continuing education with higher academic qualifications shall not carry out the work of conferring double bachelors degrees.
14. Steady promotion of cross-school joint talent training. Supporting universities to implement joint bachelors degree training programs, giving full play to the advantages of universities with different characteristics, and improving the quality of personnel training in coordination. The project shall be submitted to the provincial Degree Committee of the location of the cooperative university for examination and approval. The relevant colleges and universities of this project should have the right to grant bachelors degree in this specialty and recruit students through the college entrance examination. The curriculum requirements, credit standards and bachelors degree award standards shall not be lower than the respective standards of the joint training units. In order to implement this policy, colleges and universities should sign cooperation agreements on the basis of full demonstration, jointly formulate personnel training programs, and strengthen student management and service. Joint Bachelors Degree Certificate is issued by the Bachelors Degree Granting Unit where the studentsstatus is at the time of enrollment. Joint training units can indicate it on the certificate and no longer issue the degree certificate separately. Further education for higher academic qualifications shall not carry out the work of awarding joint bachelors degree.
15. Promote the construction of quality culture in an all-round way. We will improve the professional certification system and carry out the three-level certification of undergraduate majors in an orderly manner to ensure qualified, up-to-standard and to pursue excellence. We should improve the internal teaching quality evaluation system in Colleges and universities, and establish a chain of multi-dimensional teaching quality evaluation and guarantee system with undergraduate teaching quality report, undergraduate teaching evaluation, professional evaluation, curriculum evaluation, teacher evaluation and student evaluation as the main body. Continuous promotion of undergraduate teaching audit and evaluation and eligibility assessment. The results of evaluation and certification should be taken as an important reference for policy making, resource allocation and improvement of teaching management of educational administrative departments and universities. Colleges and universities should construct a university quality culture of self-awareness, self-reflection, self-discipline, self-examination and self-correction, regard it as an endogenous motive force to push the University forward and surpass constantly, and implement quality consciousness, quality standards, quality evaluation and quality management into all links of education and teaching, internalize it into the common value pursuit and conscious action of teachers and students. We will fully implement the advanced concepts of student-centered, output-oriented and continuous improvement, and accelerate the formation of a quality assurance system with Chinese characteristics and world-level, with schools as the main body, education as the main body, and industry departments, academic organizations and social institutions as the participants.
3. Guiding teachers to devote themselves to educating people
16. Improve the system of evaluation and employment of University teachers. Colleges and universities can set up a certain proportion of mobile posts according to their needs, and increase the efforts to employ teachers with other university learning and working experience in industrial enterprises. Guiding opinions on the reform of the title system of university teachers have been issued, the reform of the appointment system of university teachers has been carried out, the assessment of the appointment period has been strengthened, and the combination of quasi-appointment and long-term appointment has been achieved so as to be able to go up, down and in and out. Teachers in Colleges and universities can carry out multi-point teaching and get remuneration with the approval of their units. We will guide colleges and universities to establish a part-time teacher resource pool, carry out pre job training for part-time teachers, and apply for a series of professional and technical positions for qualified part-time teachers and urgently needed talents. We will study and issue guidance on the reform of the title system of experimental technology series, and optimize the team structure of experimental series in Colleges and universities.
17. Strengthen the construction of grass-roots teaching organizations. Institutions of higher learning should take colleges and departments as units, strengthen the construction of basic teaching organizations such as teaching and research departments, curriculum module teaching teams and curriculum groups, formulate and improve relevant management systems, provide necessary venues, funds and personnel security, select high-level professors as the head of basic teaching organizations, and stimulate the vitality of basic teaching organizations. Supporting colleges and universities to set up cooperative education centers of school-enterprise, school-site and School-School alliance, and creating high-level teaching innovation team combining inside and outside school. The construction of teaching management team should be placed in the same important position as the construction of teachers team, and special training plans should be formulated to create a favorable policy environment for their promotion.
18. Improve the teacher training and incentive system. Promote the normalization of teacher training, explore the implementation of credit management, and regard training credit as an important basis for teacher assessment and job appointment. To strengthen the construction of university teacher development centers, we should focus on new teachers and young teachers, and carry out pre-post and on-the-job professional subject training for the purpose of improving teaching ability. We should promote the professional development of young and middle-aged teachers in Colleges and universities, and establish a system of visiting schools at home and abroad, on-the-job training and social practice for young and middle-aged teachers in Colleges and universities. We will improve the mechanism of school-enterprise and school-community co-building for the practice of mobile posts (workstations) in teachersenterprises and build a number of practical posts in teachers enterprises. Colleges and universities are encouraged to set up honorary certificate system for teachers who have been engaged in teaching for a long time. Social organizations should be encouraged to provide incentives for teachers, carry out activities of respecting teachers, and create a good social fashion of respecting teachers and respecting education.
19. Improve the system of teacher assessment and evaluation. Strengthen the construction of teachersmorality and style, and put the assessment of teachers morality throughout the whole process of education and teaching. Highlight the proportion of education and teaching performance in performance distribution, job title evaluation and employment, post promotion assessment, and clarify the requirements of teaching hours for all kinds of teachers to undertake undergraduate courses. Practically implement the requirements of all professors for undergraduate students to teach basic courses and professional basic courses for undergraduates, and bring the teaching hours of professors for undergraduates into the school teaching evaluation index system. Teachers routinely guide students to learn, innovate and start businesses, social practice, various competitions and exhibitions, as well as carry out the work of transmission and help and so on, which is included in the workload of education and teaching, and included in the annual assessment content.
20. Establish and improve the system of teaching assistants. Assistant teaching posts undertake teaching assistant tasks such as classroom teaching assistant, organizing discussion, correcting homework papers, counseling and answering questions, assisting practice and so on. They are mainly composed of newly recruited teachers, postgraduates and excellent senior undergraduates who have no teaching experience. Colleges and universities should establish and improve the assistant post system, and improve the whole process of assistant post management system of selection, training, evaluation, incentive and feedback. The teaching assistant work undertaken by new teachers should be included in the assessment of teachers workload, and those who perform well should be given priority in the evaluation and appointment of professional titles and promotion of positions. Strengthen the pre-job training and standardized management of students who work as teaching assistants, rationally determine the subsidy standards, provide necessary conditions to ensure the quality of teaching work.
IV. Strengthening Organizational Guarantee
21. Strengthen the partys overall leadership over the education and teaching in Colleges and universities. The educational departments of local Party committees and Party organizations at all levels should adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinpings new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics, implement the partys educational policy in an all-round way, strengthen the direction of socialist education, implement the requirements of Ben based and four return, and strengthen leadership over the reform of education and teaching in this department. College Party committees, standing committees and presidentsoffice committees should put undergraduate education and teaching reform into the research and deployment of important issues. College leaders, leading cadres at all levels and teachers should devote their main energy to education and teaching, deepen party building and ideological and political, teaching and scientific research, and earnestly put students, students and students into practice. The personnel, funds and material resources of colleges and universities should focus on the reform of undergraduate education and teaching, strengthen the awareness of the quality of personnel training, and form a good atmosphere for all staff to support the reform of education and teaching in an all-round way.
22. Improve the guarantee mechanism to improve the quality of personnel training. Local educational administrative departments should strengthen the pertinence and effectiveness of their work, combine with regional reality, clearly deepen the overall objectives, key contents, innovative measures, evaluation and evaluation mechanism of undergraduate education and teaching reform, strengthen policy coordination, adjust the expenditure structure of education funds, and increase investment in education and teaching reform. We should further implement the main responsibility and autonomy of University construction, enhance the governance ability and level of universities, strengthen internal coordination, and focus on solving the construction difficulties and blockages. We should strengthen the supervision and inspection of the effectiveness of the reform of higher education and teaching, intensify the summing-up and propaganda of typical practices, and promote the formation of a working situation that pays close attention to implementation, innovation and effectiveness.