At the 16th plenary meeting of the International Debate Club of the Valdai held recently, Russian President Vladimir Putin openly talked about helping China build a missile early warning system, which attracted the attention of the international media. The reason for the lively discussion on this topic is not only the emptiness and reality of Putins conversation, but also the thought-provoking specific background of the conversation.
In the face of many guests, the Russian President said that he was assisting Chinas partners in establishing a missile early warning system, which would enhance Chinas defensive capabilities. This statement fully demonstrates Russias self-confidence in its military technology and strategic capabilities, and should be said to have certain credibility.
First of all, Russia has its own credible anti-missile system, and has rich combat practice in dealing with American missile deterrence. As early as the Soviet Union, the Russian army attached great importance to the construction of anti-missile system. Its anti-missile defense system has been deployed for many years and has undergone renewal. From the point of view of cooperation with China, it is more critical that Russia has the advantageous geographical conditions for developing the anti-missile defense system. It is entirely possible and feasible to give some assistance to strategic partners in developing early warning and even the whole anti-missile system.
Secondly, the cooperation announced by the Russian President adapts to the current needs of China to enhance its strategic capabilities. Missile early warning system is an important part of anti missile system and strategic nuclear counterattack. Under the condition that Chinas missile assault capability is increasing, and its space surveillance capability and missile launch perception capability are also increasing, it is necessary to integrate and develop a perfect anti missile defense system.
More importantly, Putins speech at a sensitive time in Sino-US relations shows the firm position of China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of cooperation in the new era, the increasing political mutual trust between the two countries, and the reality of increasing pragmatic cooperation.
It should also be noted that the direct background of Putins talks is that the intention of the United States to withdraw from the Guidance Treaty and to prepare for greater strategic containment of China and Russia is becoming more and more obvious. The missile early warning cooperation between China and Russia belongs to the defensive nature, because the global strategic threat of the United States is becoming increasingly prominent. With the tearing up of the China Missile Treaty, the US medium-range missiles will spread rapidly around China and Russia in the future, which puts forward higher requirements for the missile early warning systems of China and Russia, and may need to face more incoming missiles in the future.
For China, it means not only to be able to warn the attack of intercontinental missiles from the other side of the ocean, but also to monitor the midcourse missile attack. It requires the national missile early warning system to have a wider monitoring range, more sensitive response, more timely and effective detection of incoming missiles, and to gain valuable time for defense and strategic counter-attack.
Another background for Russia and China to strengthen cooperation in missile early warning system is that the United States is developing missile attack and missile defense at the same time to maintain absolute security. Therefore, it is imperative for China and Russia to respond and react on both fronts. At this time, Russias concepts and experience, Chinas actual strategic investment capacity, so that joint R&D and scientific deployment may bring more benefits.
At present, in order to cooperate with the India Pacific strategy, the United States is trying to strengthen trade frictions and economic sanctions against China and Russia with its allies. The United States is upgrading and expanding competition to all aspects of the strategic game. Once conditions are ripe, new strategic actions may be launched around Russia and China, and the danger of directly infringing on the core national interests of China and Russia cannot be ruled out. For China and Russia, it is more urgent to prepare for strategic defense than in the previous period. It may be urgent to establish a sound and reliable strategic deterrence capability to ensure that economic and political games do not spread to the military field. It is also reasonable to have a loud voice and firm will to express such strategic needs.
Source: editor in charge of global network: Li Zaixing, nbjs9026