According to Voice of China, in recent years, many new energy automobile spontaneous combustion accidents have occurred in domestic and foreign automobile brands. Vehicle companies such as Ulai, Tesla and BYD have been pushed to the top of the wind, causing widespread concern.
On the evening of April 21 this year, a Tesla Model S ignited spontaneously. Video surveillance of the underground garage showed that the Model S suddenly spontaneously ignited without collision and spread to other vehicles in the same garage. On April 22, an ES8 under repair in the authorized service center of Xian Weilai burned. On the evening of May 16, Weilai said on its official Weibo that night it was on board. Smoke appeared in a Weilai ES8 near Anli Road, Jiading District, Haishi City.
In order to strengthen the safety guarantee of new energy vehicles, the State Administration of Market Supervision recently issued new regulations to regulate the report of new energy vehicle accidents, requiring new energy vehicle enterprises to report basic accident information to the General Administration of Market Supervision within 12 hours after the accident. In fact, in order to strengthen the safety management of new energy vehicles, the relevant departments have made successive efforts since this year.
Electric vehicle fire should be reported to the market supervision department within 12 hours
On October 9, the General Administration of Market Supervision issued the Supplementary Notice on Further Standardizing the Report of New Energy Vehicle Accidents, requiring new energy vehicle enterprises to report basic accident information to the General Administration of Market Supervision within 12 hours after the accident. In case of casualties or major social impact, it shall be reported within 6 hours.
In addition, the new regulations also require producers to take the initiative to investigate whether there are fire safety hazards in vehicles of the same type, batch or using the same parts after fire accidents of new energy vehicles.
Data show that as of June 2019, Chinas new energy vehicles have a total of 34.44 million vehicles, with an additional 830,000 in the first half of this year. With the increase of the number of vehicles in possession, the safety problem of vehicles has become increasingly prominent. Qiu Kaijun, editor-in-chief of Electric Vehicle Observer, said that in this context, the states safety management of new energy vehicles is more stringent: Maybe the accident report was not timely before. The General Administration of Market Supervision may now have better experience and be able to make such judgments after investigating more fire cases. So we can also see that in the last six months, the General Administration of Market Supervision issued more orders for the recall of Xinneng vehicles.
On March 18 this year, the General Administration of Market Supervision issued a notice requiring new energy automobile enterprises to report the results of vehicle accident investigation and analysis. On June 17, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also issued a letter requesting enterprises to carry out timely accident investigation.
Qia Haitao, a veteran automotive media person, said that the promulgation of the new regulations focused on requiring enterprises not to conceal reports, and further standardized the report of new energy automotive accidents, which was tantamount to putting on a tightband curse for new energy automotive enterprises: many enterprises conceal the defects of their products and let these unqualified electric vehicles and new energy vehicles flow to the market, in fact, to public safety and to the masses. The safety of life and property has laid a huge hidden danger. Therefore, the introduction of the policy is a big step forward for the national regulation of new energy vehicles. To be able to supervise these enterprises well, I think it has a positive significance.
Du Fangci, a consultant of China Automobile Industry Association, thinks that it may be difficult to implement the time limit for reporting within 12 hours, and that it can be relaxed appropriately: Because after a fire, it is certainly not the first time to find a manufacturer, first to find an insurance company to settle claims and so on. Can the manufacturer know in time in 12 hours? According to my work experience, I think it may be a bit difficult to go down the process.
The introduction of new regulations can warn car companies against blindly pursuing mileage
In the past two years, there have been many incidents of smoking and spontaneous combustion of new energy vehicles in China, which have attracted the attention of consumers. Du Fangci said that in the recent Spontaneous Combustion Accident of electric vehicles, batteries are the main source of fire. The introduction of the new regulations can warn the relevant automobile companies not to blindly pursue more mileage: Because the mileage of new energy vehicles is not much now, it is necessary to increase battery energy density to increase the mileage, but as the energy density increases, the probability of fire increases. So this is a pair of contradictions. To really solve this problem, we need technological progress. But one thing is that these technologies are progressing fast or slowly. They all have a red line, that is, security.
With the help of big data analysis, the relevant departments can analyze, judge and summarize the fire accident reports, which can help to find the root cause of the problem: Require enterprises to report the occurrence of the accident spontaneously quickly, the country can quickly grasp the first-hand information about the accident, and then carry out the analysis of big data, and investigate the causes of the accident after analysis. Which enterprises are prone to these problems and so on, the country will carry out targeted analysis from these data.
Reporter: Tan Kai
Source: Voice of China editor in charge: Yao Liwei, nt6056