Produce | Netease Science and Technology Know or Not column group (public number: tech_163)
On April 26, 1986, reactor 4 of Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded, causing the most serious nuclear leakage accident in history. Now more than 30 years later, the control room of reactor 4, the core of the nuclear accident, will be opened to tourists for the first time.
However, as the radiation level in the control room is still more than 40,000 times the normal level, people can stay in it for up to five minutes, and must wear protective equipment and helmet and mask. After that, visitors need to undergo two radiological examinations to measure the level of radiation they are exposed to.
This is a typical process for a trip to Chernobyl, where people need to pass radiation checkpoints at the beginning, middle and end of the journey. Tourists are not allowed to travel alone. Because of the persistent radiation problem, they must stay with the tour group.
In June, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky declared Chernobyl an official tourist attraction at the inauguration ceremony of a huge dome containing radioactive materials. But in fact, Chernobyl has long been an alternative tourist destination, some of which have been open to the public for nearly a decade.
In May this year, with the release of the HBO miniseries Chernobyl, Chernobyl became a popular tourist attraction, with bookings increasing by about 30%.
But with the exception of some researchers and cleaners, reactor 4 remains closed to most of the public. Now, however, Chernobyl Travel has confirmed that the control room of the reactor will be open to brave people who wish to be close to the disaster site.
The control room was severely damaged during the explosion. It was the place responsible for managing the operation of the reactor and the place where many decisions were made on the day of the explosion. After the nuclear accident, reactor No. 4 and its control room were covered by a so-called sarcophagus to prevent radiation diffusion, and now the outside is covered by a new dome.
It is reported that access to other parts of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is still prohibited, including places where contaminated machines used by Chernobyl are stored and cleaned up.
Exposure to high doses of radiation can lead to organ damage and acute disease, and increase the risk of cancer. However, Ukrainian officials believe that as long as rules are followed, the areas currently open to tourists can ensure safety.
Chernobyl rye and water make vodka. Do you dare to drink it?
A team of scientists from Britain and Ukraine produced the first special bottle of vodka, called Atomik, which is unique in that the water and grain used in the brewing process come from the Chernobyl nuclear power plants no-go zone.
Although after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant spill in 1986, the local government declared that the area would not be suitable for human habitation for 24,000 years, the makers of Atomique vodka promised that the vodka we produced would not be more radioactive than any other liquor product on the market.
Professor Jim Smith, co-founder of Atomique Vodka and professor of Portsmouth University, said: During the distillation process, all pollutants in rye will be filtered out, fermentation liquids will be purified, water and other dilutions will be made. Substances will be removed.
Why are people busy taking iodine pills after the Chernobyl accident?
In the HBO miniseries Chernobyl, there is a scene in which Ulana Khomyuk, a former Soviet nuclear physicist, took iodine tablets immediately after she realized that there had been a massive radioactive leak somewhere nearby. Later, she encouraged everyone she met to do the same. So why does Homiyoke take iodine pills? How can simple elements like iodine prevent radiation?
In short, iodine has no direct anti-radiation effect, but may provide indirect protection. Iodine cannot block free flying neutrons or remove radioactive dust from drinking water. However, it does alter the way our bodies behave in order to reduce the risks posed by radioactive substances.
After the opening of the forbidden zone, they entered Chernobyl.
In 1986, at 1:23 a.m. on April 26, the fourth reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the city of Pripyat, Ukraine, exploded. The small Eastern European town, once known as a model town in the Soviet era, became a hellish city of death overnight, forcing hundreds of thousands of residents to evacuate.
Now, 33 years after the nuclear power plant accident, a mini-drama produced by HBO, Chernobyls popularity on the Internet has revived the heated debate about the Chernobyl incident.
If before 2011, peoples curiosity about Chernobyl could only be imagined, but after that, the abandoned city opened a window to the world again. In 2011, the Ukrainian government announced that the ruins around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant would be turned into tourist attractions and open to tourists. In April this year, Barros announced the opening of 95 abandoned villages in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exclusion zone for tourists.
Netease Science and Technology Know or not column, curious about the world, with you to explore the unknown.
Pay attention to Netease Technological Micro Signal (ID: tech_163), send Know or Not, you can see all the knowledgeable manuscripts.