Seeing how to control overload in Europe, America, Japan and Korea from the overturning of Wuxi viaduct

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 Seeing how to control overload in Europe, America, Japan and Korea from the overturning of Wuxi viaduct


The rollover accident of Wuxi viaduct has touched many peoples hearts. Up to now, the accident has resulted in three deaths and two injuries. Through preliminary analysis, rollover is caused by overloading of transport vehicles.

An accident may be more than one cause and one result, but Im afraid that the overload of the truck will not leave the pot behind. Jumping out of the accident, it is obvious that the serious overloading problem of large trucks needs to be faced more seriously. This is not a road and bridge collapse accident twice, but the consequences are more drastic.

In this regard, there are many other stones we can learn from.

Take the United States for example, overload control focuses on technical monitoring, has formed a fixed detection station, mobile detection station, dynamic weighing technology and equipment to match the system. Its non-stop detection technology reduces costs and improves efficiency, which makes the level of automation and intellectualization of governance higher, and makes many overloaded vehicles difficult.

As early as 50 years ago, the European Union began to improve its freight laws and regulations, focusing on combating overloading. German punishment for overloaded drivers is also quite severe: The first driver who exceeds the limit will be registered and verbally warned; the second one will be found to face three monthsimprisonment; the driver who exceeds the limit more than three times in a year will be revoked his driving license, listed as ablack list, and will not be allowed to work in the driving industry for life.

Japan has a high degree of punishment. In addition to the fine, it has also set up a fixed-term imprisonment. It strictly implements the system of one excess and three penalties, that is, to punish cargo owners, transport enterprises and drivers. Every subject can not escape the punishment of law.

South Korea has also enforced strict legal provisions, the term of fixed-term imprisonment and the maximum fine are far higher than most countries in the world.

Article 50 of the Highway Law, Article 92 of the Road Traffic Safety Law, Article 71 of the Road Transport Regulations, Article 66 of the Highway Safety Protection Regulations, and Regulations on Highway Management for Over-limit Transport Vehicles all explicitly prohibit overloading, but there are still many areas that can not be improved.

Firstly, it is inconvenient to implement the overlapping regulations. For overload, road administration is a standard and traffic police is a standard. Although there are many legal provisions concerning overload control, they are inconsistent in terms of how to punish and other content provisions, as well as unclear ranks and other issues.

Secondly, the punishment should be strengthened. Article 92 of Chinas Road Traffic Safety Law states that if a freight motor vehicle exceeds the approved load quality, it shall be fined not less than 200 yuan but not more than 500 yuan; if the vehicle exceeds 30 percent of the approved load quality or if the passenger is transgressed in violation of the provisions, it shall be fined not less than 500 yuan but not more than 200 yuan. Other rules stipulate that the maximum fine is 30,000 yuan.

Compared with the Korean law and the United States law known as the sky-high ticket, the level of fines formulated by our country is not high in the world. It is necessary to strengthen the punishment and increase the fines.

Thirdly, there is a lack of multi-subject punishment measures. Truck overloading is often not just a drivers problem, and all stakeholders cant get away with legal sanctions. In this regard, we can draw lessons from Japan, which fines cargo owners, drivers and transport enterprises as the three main bodies, as well as the manufacturers of bad production and refitted trucks and the black intermediaries who collude with some law enforcement personnel by taking advantage of the situation.

(function () {(window. slotbydup = window. slotbydup | []). push ({id:6374560, container:ssp_6374560, size:300,250, display:inlay-fix, async: true});} (); fourth, lack of specific and effective supervision measures for law enforcement personnel. Although the existing laws and regulations do not omit the duties and responsibilities of law enforcement personnel, there are no more specific supervision and management measures. Facing the phenomena of overlapping functions and multi-head law enforcement, there should be more effective solutions. Overloading is not a new problem, and there is still a long way to go to tackle it. However, it will not be a luxury to learn from the practical lessons, seek efficiency from strict law and technology, and constantly explore governance paths to make roads and bridges safer. Source: Author of New Beijing News: Editor-in-Charge of Cheng Youchen (School of Law, Central South University): Xu Meng_NN7485

Fourth, lack of specific and effective supervision measures for law enforcement personnel. Although the existing laws and regulations do not omit the duties and responsibilities of law enforcement personnel, there are no more specific supervision and management measures. Facing the phenomena of overlapping functions and multi-head law enforcement, there should be more effective solutions.

Overloading is not a new problem, and there is still a long way to go to tackle it. However, it will not be a luxury to learn from the practical lessons, seek efficiency from strict law and technology, and constantly explore governance paths to make roads and bridges safer.