The search and rescue work for the rollover accident of Wuxi viaduct in Jiangsu Province has been temporarily completed. The accident has resulted in three deaths and two injuries. At present, through preliminary analysis of relevant aspects, the accident is caused by overloading of transport vehicles. This also makes the phenomenon of overloading of large trucks and its governance issues once again become the focus of public opinion.
Heavy truck overloading is not a new problem, nor is it a new topic in the public opinion field. Not only highways, national highways and other high-grade highways, but also traffic accidents caused by illegal driving of overloaded sediment trucks in many urban roads. It is not an exaggeration to say that serious overloading of freight vehicles has become the biggest killer of road traffic accidents. The accident in Wuxi shows that the overloading of large trucks not only aggravates the general traffic safety risks, but also poses a major threat to the traffic infrastructure and the life safety of pedestrians. In the face of repeated tragedies, it is time to reexamine and evaluate the damage caused by overloading of large trucks and take corresponding measures to deal with it.
For example, the 2016 NPC Standing Committee Road Traffic Safety Law Enforcement and Inspection Report pointed out that from 2006 to 2015, about 60% of the major truck accidents were caused by overload. In 2016, the media quoted statistics from the Ministry of Transport and Communications as saying that in the past 10 years, serious and extraordinary traffic accidents caused by excessive and overloading violations have been shocking. Among the 96 accidents included in the statistics, 481 people died and 361 were injured, with an average of 5 deaths and 3.7 injuries per accident. The mortality rate is extremely high.
If overloaded trucks become traffic safety killers, which is a dominant risk in public safety, then the damage to road infrastructure is also a hidden risk that can not be underestimated. Relevant statistics show that the damage degree of vehicles to highways and bridges increases geometrically with the increase of load, and the damage degree of overloaded 10% trucks to roads will increase by 40%. Road damage will directly shorten the service life of transport infrastructure, and lead to greater public safety risks, which make people vulnerable to prevention. In addition, behind the universalization of overload, there are seemingly silent but high road repair costs.
In this context, the social call for strict control of large truck overload is growing. In recent years, several NPC deputies have proposed in the bill that serious overloading of trucks should be included in the criminal law as a kind of dangerous driving crime; in 2016, the main responsible person of the Ministry of Communications also indicated that it is suggested to speed up research and promote the inclusion of this act in dangerous driving crime, and investigate the criminal responsibility of the relevant personnel, so as to curb the serious violations of laws and regulations and overloading. For.
Specifically, we may refer to the successful experience of foreign countries and the effectiveness of domestic governance of drunk driving. For example, on the premise of defining overload standards, different penalties can be imposed according to the degree of overload or the number of violations, and the blacklist system can be introduced to enforce the industry ban. The object of punishment should not be confined to the truck driver, and the owner, transport enterprise and other related subjects should also have a clear legal liability mechanism. Only in this way can the cost of violation and legal deterrence be raised as a whole.
There are many overloading phenomena in large trucks, and there are complex practical reasons behind them. It is an aberration shaped by many factors such as market ecology, road traffic management, administrative mechanism and so on. It also needs to be solved urgently. However, the risk of social and public security caused by overload is more and more serious. The existing measures of override control, which mainly focus on economic and administrative penalties, do show the shortcomings of inappropriate efforts. Drawing lessons from relevant experience, we should improve the legal regulation of overload, or we should make a more serious assessment.
Of course, promoting excessive and overloading behavior to endanger public safety or dangerous driving crime is not to say one-size-fits-all or to do its best in a campaign, it can not replace other links of governance optimization. Its emphasis is to release more stringent signal of strict control, and promote the whole social system to give the phenomenon of overloading of large trucks and its hazards enough face-to-face and effective intervention.
The company involved in Wuxi Bridge rollover accident has overloaded the record and caused human disability.
Three people were killed and two injured in the overturning accident of the bridge deck at K135 Xigang Road, 312 National Road, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, on the evening of October 10. According to preliminary analysis, the accident was caused by vehicle overload.
The company of overloaded vehicle which caused bridge deck rollover and many casualties in No. 1 section of Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, may have had similar record of overloading.