Ethiopias Prime Minister won the Nobel Prize and ended a 20-year war

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 Ethiopias Prime Minister won the Nobel Prize and ended a 20-year war


At 5 p.m. Beijing time, on October 11, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed Ali in Oslo, Norway, in recognition of his decisive role in achieving peace and international cooperation, especially in resolving border conflicts with neighbouring Eritrea.

Abby Ahmed Ali/Visual China

Abby Ahmed Ali was born in 1976 and is 43 years old. On April 2, 2018, Abi became Prime Minister of Ethiopia. After his election, Abyei made it clear that he hoped to resume peace talks with Eritrea. Afterwards, Abyei and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki worked closely to reach a truce agreement quickly and achieve peace between the two countries, ending the 20-year war between the two countries.

Berit Reiss-Andersen, chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Prize Committee, said that in Ethiopia, Abby has promoted many important reforms to enable Ethiopian citizens to have a better life and a brighter future. As Prime Minister, Abby has been promoting reconciliation, solidarity and social justice. The Norwegian Nobel Committee hopes that this prize will strengthen Abis important efforts in peace and reconciliation. It is also a recognition of all efforts for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia, East Africa and Northeast Africa.

Nuo award twitter image

Ethiopia and Eritrea shake hands and make peace

On July 9, 2018, African countries Ethiopia and Eritrea issued a joint statement to end 20 years of conflict and normalize relations between the two countries.

For many people, these two countries are distant and unfamiliar, especially Eritrea.

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However, it is in this little-known Horn of Africa that a prolonged war has killed more than 70,000 people, aggravating the two countries that were already living in charcoal.

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On April 2, 2018, Ethiopia welcomed a new military-backed Prime Minister, Abi Ahmed Ali, who became Africas youngest national leader. Abby did not fail to live up to the expectations of the people. After taking office, he carried out a series of drastic reforms and embraced Eritrea, his old enemy.

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Last year, several foreign media predicted that Ethiopias new prime minister would win the Nobel Peace Prize.

The Most Meaningless war in the world

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The BBC reports that Ethiopia and Eritrea are among the poor countries, and years of conflict between the two countries have made it difficult for them to get out of trouble.

First, popularize Eritrea. The name comes from the Greek Erythrea Mare, meaning Red Sea.

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In 1941, the British occupied Eritrea and entrusted it with the authorization of the United Nations. Until 1950, the United Nations agreed that Eritrea should form a federation with Ethiopia as an autonomous body.

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However, Eritrea has enjoyed only 12 years of independence and freedom, and in 1962 Ethiopia unilaterally declared Eritrea as one of its states.

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Eritrea, of course, could not accept that its own country said no, so it launched the peoples armed struggle for independence and declared its independence in 1993. The good times are not long. Because of the territorial disputes between Egypt and Eritrea over Badme, Solona and Bray, border conflicts broke out between the two countries in 1998.

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At that time, Ethiopia crushed Eritrea, which had only 40,000 troops, with 300,000 troops. The fighting spread across the border between the two countries for two years.

According to CNN, more than 70,000 people died in the two-year border conflict. Moreover, nearly 9 million people in the two countries are facing famine due to the war, and tens of thousands of people have fled the war and become refugees.

In 2000, the two sides signed a peace agreement. But that does not mean the end of the conflict. Since then, the two countries have been at odds over territorial disputes.

The United Nations Ed-Eritrea Boundary Commission acted as a peacemaker to classify the Badme area as Eritrea, but Ethiopia refused to recognize and occupy the area.

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The conflict in the border area between Ethiopia and Eritrea is not only artillery shelling, but also armored vehicles are often sent out. In June 2016, Ethiopia even threatened to launch a total war.

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Interestingly, according to Reuters, Eritrea has said that Ethiopia launched an attack because it was jealous of the living standards of Eritrea.

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Richard Holbrooke, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, said the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia was the Most Meaningless war in the world. Because the territory they are fighting for is neither a strategic fortress nor a rich resource.

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Fortunately, the new Prime Minister of Ethiopia has arrived and put an end to this farce.

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Cyclone Abi

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On February 15, 2018, former Ethiopian Prime Minister Helmariam unexpectedly resigned and the country entered a state of emergency. Abby took over the mess as prime minister.

Abby served as Ethiopias Minister of Science and Technology, and also served in the Armed Forces and the Ethiopian Information Network Security Agency (INSA). As soon as he came to power, he reshuffled the cabinet at an alarming rate, dismissed a series of controversial government officials, released thousands of political prisoners, lifted bans on websites and media, and ordered the partial privatization of large state-owned enterprises.

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More importantly, Abby went to Asmara, Eritreas capital, on July 8 last year to meet with President Isaias Afwerki.

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Eritreas information minister posted a photo on Facebook saying the two leaders embraced like brothers. Netizen DjphatSu posted a cheer: Im not dreaming, am I?

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We have agreed that the routes between the two countries will be reopened, the seaports will resume contact, the people of the two countries will be able to visit each other, and embassies will be established between the two countries, Abi said.

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We will tear down the walls of separation and build bridges with love, he said.

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Only three months after Abi took office, a series of reforms and the melting ice of Ai and Eritrea have given millions of Ethiopians renewed hope for the future.

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But not everyone supports the reform of the new prime minister. On June 23, 2018, Abbi participated in a mass rally in Addis Ababa, the capital, where he was attacked by an explosion, killing two people and injuring more than 100 others. Afterwards, Abby made a speech and said, For those who try to split us, I want to tell you that you have not succeeded.

In addition, Abi attaches great importance to environmental protection. This year, he launched a national Green Legacy campaign to restore the countrys woodlands and combat climate change. The overall goal of the Green Heritage campaign is to plant 4 billion trees during the rainy season from May to October. ?

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