Oct. 11, 2010 local time on Oct. 11, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced that it would award the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize to Ethiopias prime minister, Ethiopia Prime Minister abiy Ahmed Ali.
Abby Ahmed Ali, 42, holds university degrees in Ethiopia, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since 2010, he has served as a member of the Central Committee of the Oromo Peoples Democratic Organization, member of the Ethiopian Peoples Congress, director of the Science and Technology Information Center, Minister of science and technology, director of the Oromian Bureau of Urban Development and Planning, Secretary of the Secretariat of the Oromo Peoples Democratic Organization, etc. In February 2018, he was elected Chairman of the Oromo Peoples Democratic Organization, President of the ruling Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Front in March, and Prime Minister of the Federal Government in April.
According to the official website of the Nobel Prize, the Nobel Peace Prize was established in 1901 in accordance with the will of Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a famous Swedish chemist, to reward those who have done their best or contributed the most to promoting national unity and friendship, abolishing or reducing the standing army and holding peace conferences.
Unlike several other Nobel Prizes, the Peace Prize is awarded not in Stockholm, Sweden, but in Oslo, Norway. The winner can be either an individual or an institution. The winner will receive a certificate, a gold medal and a bonus check. On the front of the medal is the head of Nobel Prize, with an inscription on the back, meaning for the sake of peace and friendship of mankind.
According to the official website of the Nobel Prize, the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 100 times so far. As of 2018, the youngest winner was Malala Yusuf Zai, a 17-year-old Pakistani girl, and the oldest winner was Joseph Rotterblatt, an 87-year-old British renowned atomic physicist and anti-nuclear figure. A total of 17 women have won awards.
In 2018, Congolese gynecologist Denis Muqueg and Iraqi human rights activist Nadia Mullard were awarded recognition for their efforts to combat the use of sexual violence in war and armed conflict.
In 2017, the International Movement for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons was awarded to the international non-governmental organization (NGO) in recognition of its efforts to disseminate knowledge of the disasters caused by nuclear weapons and to strive for the total elimination of nuclear weapons.
The winner in 2016 was president Santos of Colombia. The reason for winning the prize was that his sustained efforts ended the countrys more than 50-year-old civil war.
The Nobel Prize in 2019 has been unveiled since October 7. The winners of Physiology or medicine awards, William Kelling, Greg Semenza, and Peter Ratcliffe, British medical scientists, were announced on the 7th. They won the prize for their revolutionary discovery that let people understand the basic principle that cells feel oxygen at the molecular level.
On August 8, the 2019 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to James peables, an American scientist, and two Swiss scientists, Michel mayor and Didier Queiroz, for their outstanding contributions in the field of astrophysics.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2019, was awarded jointly by American scientist John Goodinaff, British American scientist Stanley Whittingham and Japanese scientist Yoshino in recognition of their outstanding contributions in the field of lithium-ion batteries.
According to the Nobel Prize website, winners of the Nobel Prize in economics will be announced on the 14th.