Yu Kangzhen, Vice Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that China is a major producer and consumer of live pigs, with pig production accounting for about half of the worlds total. Pork accounts for 62.7% of the consumption structure of meat among residents. In 2018, Chinas pork output was 54.03 million tons, and the global pork export volume was about 8 million tons, less than 15% of the domestic output. In recent years, Chinas pork imports have maintained an overall growth momentum, but the proportion of pork imports in domestic production has stabilized at about 2%.
Based on the current situation, focusing on stabilizing the resumption of pig production and ensuring market supply, the Opinions put forward six specific policies and measures, including accelerating the resumption of production, standardizing the delimitation and management of prohibited areas, ensuring the orderly transfer of breeding pigs, piglets and pig products, continuously strengthening the prevention and control of African swine fever, and strengthening the production and marketing of live pigs. In the long run, focusing on speeding up the transformation and upgrading of the pig industry and improving the comprehensive production capacity, three major systems were proposed, namely, speeding up the construction of modern breeding system, improving the epidemic prevention and control system and improving the modern pig circulation system, from increasing financial policy support, guaranteeing the land for pig breeding and strengthening. The guarantee of rule of law provides policy guarantee in three aspects.
Firstly, the goal of pork self-sufficiency rate should be maintained at about 95%.
Secondly, the general requirement of provincial overall responsibility is put forward. For pigs, large counties should be transferred, the scale of reward funds should be increased, and the supporting and safeguarding role of pigs in large counties should be brought into play.
Thirdly, we should explore the incorporation of land management rights, farming enclosures and large-scale farming machinery into the pledge scope, ensure the demand for farming land, standardize the delimitation and management of forbidden farming areas, etc.
Stable supply price
Since this year, the State Development and Reform Commission has allocated 3.7 billion yuan in the central budget, mainly to support large livestock counties to carry out resource utilization of livestock and poultry manure and reduce the environmental protection costs of large-scale farming enterprises; an additional 1.1 billion yuan has been invested in the central budget, focusing on supporting the central and Western Provinces of the Yangtze River Basin to carry out non-point source pollution control of livestock and poultry manure.
At present, the storage of frozen pork at the central and local levels has reached a certain scale. In the coming Mid-Autumn Festival, National Day and New Years Day, Spring Festival and other important holidays, it can provide a strong guarantee for the supply of pork market.
Up to now, a total of 3.23 billion yuan of temporary price subsidies have been granted, benefiting 129 million people in need.
Chen Zhijiang, head of the Price Supervision and Competition Bureau of the General Administration of Market Supervision, introduced the measures taken to strengthen the price supervision of pork market.
Effectively strengthen the price supervision of live pigs and pork and other agricultural and sideline products, and investigate and punish according to law such price violations as non-implementation of clearly marked prices, price fraud, collusion with price increases, hoarding and hoarding. Give full play to the role of 12315 price reporting complaint platform, receive complaints and reports from the masses in a timely manner, and investigate and punish price violations according to law.
We will never tolerate the illegal acts of disseminating information about price increases, colluding with them and hoarding and hoarding odd prices.
Jiang Dayu, director of the Ministry of agriculture and rural affairs of the Ministry of finance, introduced the central financial support for the prevention and control of swine plague and pig production in Africa.
After the outbreak of swine fever in August last year, in order to ensure the smooth development of the prevention and control of African swine fever, the central government timely included African swine fever in the scope of compulsory killing subsidy, and temporarily raised the subsidy standard from 800 yuan per head to 1200 yuan per head. The Ministry of Finance has also improved the way of granting compulsory killing subsidy funds, adjusted the past annual settlement to half-yearly settlement and distribution, and explicitly requested that after the central and provincial financial funds were issued, the county and municipality should pay the subsidy funds in place within three months, speed up the progress of funds allocation, and effectively reduce the pad of farms (households). Funding pressure.
In addition, the central government will grant discounts to the working capital and construction capital loans of pig farms and large-scale pig farms at a rate not exceeding 2 percentage points. In 2019, the central government increased the scale of pigsreward funds transferred from big counties to give full play to the support and guarantee role of big counties. We will temporarily increase the insurance coverage for sows and fattening pigs, expand the insurance coverage for fattening pigs, and further enhance the risk resistance of pig farming. All localities are required to support the construction of pig transport vehicle washout centers in large livestock counties based on existing funding channels.
Gao Yong, head of the cultivated land protection and supervision department of the Ministry of Natural Resources, introduced the policies on the protection of pig farming land. He introduced that the State Office issued Opinions to further increase support for the protection of pig farming land.
Firstly, it is emphasized that new pig farming land should be rationally allocated in the compilation of land and space planning.
Second, improve the policy of facility farmland. It is pointed out that the scale of land for pig farming subsidiary facilities should be increased reasonably, the upper limit of 15 mu should be abolished, and the demand for facilities such as waste disposal should be guaranteed.
Third, encourage the use of rural collective construction land and four wastelands (barren hills, ditches, hills, barren beaches) to develop pig production. At the same time, it is proposed that local governments can further formulate support policies according to actual conditions. For example, pig farming land as facility farmland, according to the management of agricultural land, does not need to go through the examination and approval procedures for construction land. It is not necessary to implement the balance of land requisition and compensation for aquaculture purposes.
Delimitation of forbidden zone
Su Kejing, Director of Soil and Ecological Environment Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, introduced the delimitation of forbidden breeding zones for livestock and poultry.
In addition to the prohibited breeding areas stipulated by laws and regulations, the prohibited breeding areas shall not be delimited beyond the scope. Under the banner of environmental protection, in the name of improving environmental quality, we must not expand the scope of forbidden areas at will.
To investigate the problems of enlarging the scope of prohibited areas at will and restricting the illegal and illegal activities of individual maintenance households, and to verify the delimitation and management of prohibited areas in an all-round way. The situation of restricting the development of pig industry and reducing pig production capacity in violation of laws and regulations should be rectified immediately.
For large-scale farm households that need to be relocated in closed areas, priority should be given to supporting reconstruction in other places, and environmental assessment and approval of livestock and poultry breeding projects meeting environmental protection requirements should be accelerated. Farmers who really need to close or relocate should be given a reasonable transition period, avoid clean-up instead of governance, and strictly prohibit all shut down and other simple practices.
Special commentator Yang Yu said that the current task is to stabilize production and supply, stabilize pig production to ensure the supply of the market, and plan the transformation and upgrading of pig production in the long run. At present, a series of favorable measures have been taken to stabilize pig production. Yesterdays Opinions and todays conference are not only about whether the current price of live pigs can be stabilized, but also about how to change the development mode of pig production and how to further upgrade it. It is proposed to speed up the construction of modern aquaculture system, improve the epidemic prevention and control system and improve the circulation system of modern pigs, providing policy support from three aspects: increasing financial policy support, ensuring the land for pig farming, and strengthening the legal protection.
In addition, the goal of keeping pork self-sufficiency rate at about 95% was put forward to make it clear that Chinese people mainly depend on themselves to eat pork. In recent years, the highest import volume of pork in China is only 2% of the annual output, which means that we have to solve the problem of eating meat by ourselves. In order to stabilize pig production, the safeguard measures for both production and marketing areas were put forward, including incentives and restrictions. Preventing big ups and downs is a long-term task for regulators. The National Development and Reform Commission also introduced some measures to ensure supply and price stability. The regulators effort is to bring the price back to a balance point. We not only strive to reach the bottom line of peoples livelihood, but also promote high-quality development. On the one hand, we must stabilize production, stabilize prices and stabilize expectations. On the other hand, we must continue to seek the improvement of the modernization level of pig production in the long run, so as to weaken the influence of pig cycle in the long run. Source: First Financial Responsibility Editor: Zhong Qiming_NF5619
In addition, the goal of keeping pork self-sufficiency rate at about 95% was put forward to make it clear that Chinese people mainly depend on themselves to eat pork. In recent years, the highest import volume of pork in China is only 2% of the annual output, which means that we have to solve the problem of eating meat by ourselves. In order to stabilize pig production, the safeguard measures for both production and marketing areas were put forward, including incentives and restrictions.
Preventing big ups and downs is a long-term task for regulators. The National Development and Reform Commission also introduced some measures to ensure supply and price stability. The regulators effort is to bring the price back to a balance point.
We not only strive to reach the bottom line of peoples livelihood, but also promote high-quality development. On the one hand, we must stabilize production, stabilize prices and stabilize expectations. On the other hand, we must continue to seek the improvement of the modernization level of pig production in the long run, so as to weaken the influence of pig cycle in the long run.