U.S. President Trump told the media at the White House on September 9 that the peace talks between the United States and the Taliban in Afghanistan were dead.
Some analysts believe that the eighteenth anniversary of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States is imminent. An important reason for Trumps reversal of attitude is that there are many doubts within the United States about the outcome of the negotiations and the good faith of the Taliban, fearing that once the United States withdraws, the situation in Afghanistan may get out of control. Despite Trumps harsh words about the peace talks, the US demand for peace agreements and withdrawal of troops remains, and the talks may not really stop here.
Trump answered questions from reporters the same day, saying that the U.S. military would withdraw from Afghanistan in due course.
Two days ago, he said that he cancelled a secret meeting with Taliban representatives and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani at Camp David on the 8th because of the deaths of American soldiers caused by attacks by the Taliban in Afghanistan. He accused the Taliban of launching attacks to increase their bargaining chips and said he had called the peace talks to a halt.
U.S. Secretary of State Pompeo told the media on the 8th that the talks between the United States and the Taliban in Afghanistan have stopped at present and hope to restart in the future, which ultimately depends on the Taliban, who need to prove to the United States that they can do what the United States requires.
Taliban spokesman Zabiura Mujahid said in a statement on the 8th that the decision to cancel the talks undermined the credibility of the United States. Americans will suffer more than anyone else by canceling the talks, but the Taliban believe that the United States will eventually return to the negotiating table.
The Afghan presidential palace issued a statement on the 8th, saying that without the participation of the Afghan government delegation, any peace talks will not achieve the desired results. Peace will be achieved only if the Taliban accept a ceasefire and engage in direct dialogue with the Afghan government.
According to US media reports, John Bolton, then US Presidents National Security Assistant, and Lindsay Graham, a senior Republican senator, all questioned the Talibans integrity.
According to a recent draft agreement between the U.S. government and the Taliban, which was exposed by the media, the U.S. military will withdraw about 5,000 people in 135 days. The Taliban promised that Afghanistan would not become a habitat for extremist groups after the withdrawal of the U.S. military.
But American media say that during and after the 9th round of talks, the Taliban made many attacks throughout Afghanistan, causing a large number of casualties, while not relaxing the military offensive.
Wang Shida, deputy director of the South Asia Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Modern International Relations, said that the reason for the sudden change in the US attitude was that the US military was attacked by different voices, including Trump Team, US Army and Congress, fearing that the Taliban would eventually fail to achieve security assurance.
Wang Shida said that the Meta peace talks have been held for nine rounds, and since they are willing to talk for so long, it shows that both sides have the need to talk. In the long run, the U.S. policy goal in Afghanistan is still to get out as soon as possible, so it is not expected that negotiations will really stop here.
Robin Wright, a researcher at the American Institute of Peace, said that Trump had abruptly announced the cancellation of planned diplomatic action, and then reversed again shortly afterwards. Trump, for example, cancelled an emergency meeting with North Koreas top leader, Kim Jong-un, in Singapore in May last year, but since then it has been held.
Some international analysts believe that the situation and mood of the Afghan government may be complex: on the one hand, the Afghan government is dissatisfied with the content of the draft agreement; on the other hand, peace talks are now frustrated, the Taliban declare that they will continue to launch attacks in Afghanistan, and the Afghan government is worried about the deterioration of the security situation.
In 2001, the United States launched the war in Afghanistan after the September 11 terrorist attacks, overthrowing the Taliban regime that the United States identified as sheltering Al Qaeda, but it has been in deep trouble since then. The situation in Afghanistan continues to be volatile. The Talibans influence in Afghanistan has been expanding in recent years.
In order to withdraw from Afghanistan as soon as possible, the United States Government has held peace talks with the Taliban since October last year. Nine rounds of negotiations have been held. The latest round of negotiations ended on September 1 this year. The two sides reached a draft agreement.
The withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan is Trumps campaign promise. At the present stage, the United States has about 14,000 troops in Afghanistan.
Source of this article: Xinhua responsible editor: Li Wan_B11284