After September 10, Ma Yun will continue to serve on the board of directors of Alibaba Group until the annual shareholdersmeeting of Alibaba in 2020.
Ali has reiterated that Ma Yun is not retiring this time, he is still Alibaba 1 employee.
At 55, Ma Yun is still young and wants to try many things. Alibaba is just one of his dreams. He hopes to have passion when he is 75.
From eighteen Rohan to West Lakes sword, from secret Taobao network to victory over eBay eBay, from the creation of Alipay to the establishment of ant gold clothing, from Tmall double 11 to Taobao building Festival... Looking back on his business career, Ma Yun has many identities, such as teacher, entrepreneur, entrepreneur, the richest man in China and co-chairman of the UN High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation.
Many identities stem from the growth of Alibaba, but Ma Yun once said that the greatest mistake ever made was the creation of Alibaba.
From Teacher to Entrepreneur
On September 10, 1964, Ma Yun was born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. He was named Ma Yun. The elders hoped that he would be clever and sensible in the future. In 1982, Ma Yun, 18, welcomed the first college entrance examination in his life. He boldly reported to Peking University. After the results came out, only one point was scored in mathematics. After two hard re-studies, Ma Yun was promoted to the undergraduate major of foreign languages by Hangzhou Normal University.
After graduation, Ma Yun was assigned to the Hangzhou Institute of Electronic Technology (now Hangzhou University of Electronic Science and Technology) as a teacher. This seems to be Ma Yuns ideal ultimate career, until now his microblog name is still spokesman for rural teachers - Ma Yun. In Alibaba, the mutual names of colleagues are not colleagues but classmates, while the departing Ali employees are called graduation, and the departing head teacher is Ma Yun.
Ma Yun has experienced three entrepreneurship successively. Hangzhou Haibo Translation Agency, which was born in 1994, is the starting point of Ma Yuns business logic. Haibo is the transliteration of hope in English. Ma Yun interprets it as the sea is generally broad hope, but the business of the translation agency is poor and the rent of every month cannot be paid. Later, Ma Yun tried to divide Haibo into two parts, one for translation and the other for small gifts.
In 1995, the Chinese Yellow Pages officially went online. The company and Mr. and Mrs. Ma Yun had three employees. Ma Yun was both a general manager and a salesman. That year, he was called a cheater selling Chinese Yellow Pages everywhere. After China Yellow Page was compiled by Hangzhou Telecom, Ma Yun also joined China International Electronic Commerce Center, but this can not be regarded as an entrepreneurial experience, more like a part-time job. Because of the divergence of leadership concept, Ma Yun and China International Electronic Commerce Center separated.
The success stories of entrepreneurship are always the same, a group of like-minded friends, starting from scratch, moving forward for the common dream. The start of Alibabas huge business territory was in 1999, when Ma Yun gathered at his home in the lakeside garden to hold the Eighteen Arhats entrepreneurship mobilization meeting. At this entrepreneurship mobilization meeting, Ma Yun set a vision of entrepreneurship, to be the greatest Internet company in the world founded by the Chinese people.
In January 2000, Alibaba raised $20 million from several investment institutions such as Softbank to bid farewell to Lakeside Garden District. In Winning in China, Ma Yun recalled meeting with Sun Zhengyi, chairman and President of Softbank Group. He teased them as love at first sight and won Sun Zhengyis favor in 6 minutes. However, Ma Yun was rejected at least 40 times in Silicon Valley before he got Softbanks investment.
Even if he moved into tall office buildings, Ma Yun could not put down his teacher status. In 2015, nine entrepreneurs and scholars, Ma Yun, Liu Chuanzhi, Feng Lun, Guo Guangchang, Shi Yuzhu, Shen Guojun, Qian Yingyi, Cai Hongbin and Shao Xiaofeng, co-sponsored the establishment of Lakeside University. Ma Yun was upgraded from teacher Ma to President Ma, from teaching English to running enterprises by teachers. The name of Lakeside University is derived from Hangzhou Lakeside Garden Community, where Alibaba started its business.
Taobao, Alipay, Ali cloud
Like many entrepreneurs, Ma Yun, who received Softbanks investment, has gone through an inflationary period and started inviting senior executives and vice-presidents of the worlds top 500 companies to set up offices in Silicon Valley. Its like putting a Boeing 747 engine on a tractor, and the tractor doesnt fly, but it splits apart. Ma Yun said.
In 2001, Ma Yun told 18 co-entrepreneurs that they could only be team managers, and all vice presidents had to be hired from outside. Ten years later, Ma Yun looked back on this experience as the most regrettable mistake. All the people hired from outside have gone, and those who had been suspected of their abilities have become vice-presidents or directors. Ma Yun said.
In April 2003, Ma Yun called 10 employees to sign an agreement requiring them to leave Alibaba immediately for a mysterious project. This project requires absolute secrecy. Ma Yunxi said that I cant even tell my wife what Im dreaming about. If anyone leaks out, Ill go after the world.
Because the agreement is in English, in a hurry, most people have no time to understand, but out of trust in Ma Yun, they gathered in an unfurnished house in the lakeside garden. Ma Yun gave them the task of making a personal to personal commodity trading website, which was later Taobao.
In May 10th of 2003, the Taobao network was launched. Due to the lack of trust in the two sides of the transaction, the situation was delayed. The Alibaba launched Alipay on the basis of Taobao network, and Alipay separated itself from Taobao network in 2004.
Taobao Online is facing the challenge of eBay, the pioneer of the e-commerce era, in its first year. In order to snipe eBay, Ma Yun announced Taobaos three-year free strategy. The free strategy is a lethal weapon in the competition between Taobao and eBay. By the end of the war in 2006, Taobao has occupied 70% of the C2C market in China, leaving eBay China far behind. In December of the same year, eBay officially abandoned Chinas C2C market.
Taobao solved the transaction, and Alipay solved the credit barrier of online payment.
As of January 2019, Alipay had more than 1 billion users worldwide. During this period, Ma Yun had been questioned because of privatization of Alipay. For details of this matter, Ma Yun would like to talk about the story when he was eighty years old.
Aliyun was founded to solve the storage problem.
Multidimensional Ma Yun
In the 2014 Forbes China rich list, Ma surpassed Baidu chairman and CEO Robin Li and Tencent CEO Ma Huateng as the richest man in China with a net assets of 19 billion 500 million dollars.
Alibabas B2B business was listed on the Hong Kong motherboard in 2007 and delisted from the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 2012.
In September 2014, Alibaba listed on the New York Stock Exchange on its 15th anniversary, setting a record for the largest U.S. IPO, with the stock code BABA.
In 2013, Ma Yun announced that he would step down as CEO of Alibaba. At one time, he choked: No one is sure that you will be popular for five years. No one can say that you will be invincible, not old and not confused. The only way to solve your problem is to trust young people. Ma Yuns resignation from the CEOs position is firm, he said: If I want to come back, I will not come back, because it is useless to come back, you will do better.
Alibaba Groups revenue in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 was 114.424 billion yuan, up 42% year-on-year. The monthly active users of Chinas retail platforms, including Taobao and Tianmao, reached 755 million, and the annual active consumers reached 674 million.
Mr Mas own influence also goes beyond the areas that Alis capital can enter.
After Ma Yun resigned, Alibaba formally bid farewell to the founder era. Beyond Alibaba, Ma Yun has gradually adapted to his new identity. On August 29, Ma Yun was co-chairman of the United Nations High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation when he attended the World AI Congress 2019 and talked with Mosque, co-founder and CEO of Tesla. On July 15, at the 2017th Ma Yun Village Teachersand Rural Principals Accreditation Conference, Ma Yun was identified as Ma Teacher.
In 2019, Ma Yun was selected as one of the 10 thinkers who have had a tremendous impact on the world in the past 10 years by the website of the authoritative American magazine Foreign Policy.
The breeze is clear and clear: its time to wash your clothes
Unexpectedly, Ma Yun will leave a gift to Alibaba at the 20th Anniversary Conference of Alibaba on September 10th. This gift is Alibabas new value, the new six-vein sword.
Ma Yun is fond of Jinyongs swordsman fiction. When director Zhang Jizhong filmed Xiaoao Jianghu in his early years, Ma Yun hoped to play the wind is clear, Zhang Jizhong filmed Eight Dragons, Ma Yun wanted to play the unknown old monk, Zhang Jizhong planned to shoot The Blue Blood Sword, Ma Yun wanted to play Mu Renqing, but because of his inadequate performance. As a result, they all failed.
Ma Yuns knight-errant sentiment did not disappear. He named himself Qingyang and projected his youth heart, heroic dream and all on Alibaba.
As a result, Alibaba employees each have a name, which will be retained permanently even if the employees leave. Guangming Ding, Damo Court, Luohan Hall, Juxianzhuang and other conference rooms are named from martial arts holy places in martial arts works. Even Alibabas toilets are also named Waterfall Pavilion and Listening to Rain Xuan. At the headquarters of Alibaba in Hangzhou, Ma Yun often walks over the cliff, argues on the skyscraper and meets visitors on the bright top.
In 2001, Alibaba first summarized, refined and solidified the corporate culture into words, called Dugu Nine Swords, and then Dugu Nine Swords was upgraded to Six-Vein Swords. In Alibaba, Six-Vein Sword is regarded as the core value. Customer first, teamwork, embracing change, integrity, passion, dedication, all employees should uphold this value. Six Veins Sword has also been included in the assessment of employees, and integrated into all aspects of staff management, which contains a large number of guidelines. Ma Yun believes that only by establishing a set of systems, forming a unique culture, training and training a large number of talents successor system, can we solve the problem of enterprise inheritance and development.
From Mr. Ma to Chairman Ma and then to Mr. Ma, Ma Yun has gone for 20 years. Twenty years of experience, as he sang in the wind Qingyang in a phrase: you do not see the men who have gone to war since ancient times, there are a few photos of history, one thing by one, swept away, hide deep and name.
Source of this article: Peng Mei News Responsible Editor: Yao Liwei_NT6056