Since the founding of the United States, the national flag has been changed several times, and the choice of national anthem has been discussed several times, and the way the country requires people to pay tribute to the national flag anthem is even more varied.
As early as 1892, the U.S. government formulated the Declaration of Allegiance, requiring people to recite under the flag and when the national anthem is played. So far, the declaration has changed five versions. In 1887, the government added the necessary gestures to read, a now somewhat creepy gesture that was basically the same as the infamous Nazi right-handed ritual.
Whether Hitler learned from the United States or not remains a mystery, but in order to avoid suspicion, the Americans themselves spontaneously changed their right-handed gifts during World War II to the most common gesture nowadays, using their hands to touch the heart position to express loyalty.
In the NBA game, when the national anthem is played before the game, you will also find that most ordinary people will choose such a way of etiquette (flag officers must observe military etiquette).
But many blacks choose another attitude. Instead of touching their chest and looking at the flag with affection, they closed their eyes and lowered their heads as if they were in mourning.
This kind of flag ceremony, also known as Black Power Salute.
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Last month, the New York Times launched a very heavy series of 1619 podcasts, which systematically traces the history of African Americanssurvival and development since the founding of the Peoples Republic, attributing the fundamental reason for the economic boom of the United States at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century to the dividends generated by slavery.
Because of slaves, cotton from southern farms (labor-intensive industries) became the largest export commodity in the United States. Even slaves themselves became financial products in European and American markets.
In 1860, the black population in the United States was 4.5 million, of which 4 million were slaves, and their production value exceeded $3 billion. In contrast, on the Asian continent in the same year, the Qing Dynastys annual income was roughly estimated at about $73.5 million, while the war reparations they paid to Britain and France after the Second Opium War were less than $12 million.
Time is fast approaching a century. The Qing Dynasty has withdrawn from the stage of history for half a century. World War II has reshuffled the world. The United States became the worlds hegemony and launched a cold war with the Soviet Union. Slavery has been abolished. Although black people have gained freedom, slave owners in the South are deeply rooted in their thinking. Racial conflicts have intensified and the situation is imminent.
1968 was a milestone year for the United States.
One month after Charles Chaplins death, Martin Luther King was shot on the balcony of the second floor of the Slowland Motel Hotel in Memphis, and eventually died in vain.
He was assassinated, leading to ethnic riots throughout the country. Robert Kennedy, the former U.S. Attorney General who was encouraging people to continue their non-violent resistance campaign, was stabbed to death two months later.
That year, Mohammed Ali was still facing a court trial for refusing to serve in the U.S. military, and Jabbar, who was also at UCLA, publicly boycotted the U.S. mens basketball team and refused to participate in the Mexico City Olympics in October. In this Olympic Games, black athletes have their own way, leaving an eternal classic moment in the history of sports.
In the mens 200-meter race in track and field, Tommy Smith from the United States won the gold medal and John Carlos won the bronze medal.
They were black Americans representing their country, which was not a good identity in the black community in the United States at that time. In the eyes of many radicals, conformity to the state means betraying their affirmative movement.
In order to show respect to the black compatriots suffering from police violence, lynching and discrimination, they took off their shoes to symbolize black poverty and wore black gloves to refuse to contact the then IOC President, Every Brondigi, when shaking hands. Standing on the podium, when the national anthem sounded and the national flag was raised, they did not gaze, but bowed their heads, held their fists high and declared black power to the whole world.
They won gold for the United States, but they were not loyal to white America.
Because of their disrespect for the flag and national anthem, they were quickly expelled from the national team by the US Olympic Committee, but their pictures at the time of acceptance of the award have been given new meaning for decades to come.
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The third Monday of January is Martin Luther Kings Day in the United States. In recent years, the NBAs special activities on this day have become more and more popular, and there is a lot of momentum to fight against the Christmas war.
More than half a century has passed since Dr. King died and Smith and Carlos raised their fists at the Olympic podium. The theme of black affirmative movement has changed from black power to Black Live Matters. It is hard to say that this is a victory.
The BlackLiveMatters movement was very bitter. The shooting of black boy Treon Martin by white policemen was the beginning. By 2014, Eric Ghana, a black vendor, was suffocated by a number of white policemen, reaching its climax.
(Attitudes of American police towards white supremacists (right) who shot 19 people in Ghana (left) and El Paso)
Ghana was just selling cigarettes on the street. When he was knocked down by the police, he shouted I cant breathe. When he lost consciousness, several policemen let him lie in the street for seven minutes and eventually sent him to hospital.
In December 2014, during the Cavaliers - Nets game, the players agreed to wear a training suit with the stamp I cant breathe before the game to protest collectively.
Colin Copernick suddenly knelt while playing the National Anthem in the San Francisco 49erspre-season. After the game, he explained his behavior like this: I dont want to be proud of a country and flag that oppresses black people and other colored people. Its not a rugby problem. I cant avoid it. The body is in the street, and the murderer is still at large.
Copernick said he would not stop protesting until justice was redeemed and the meaning of the flag was not obscured by violence.
In 1977, a white girl shouted nigger to Michael Jordan, who dropped her soda and was suspended from school.
At that time, I was also a super racist. Basically, I hate all white people. He said.
Born in 1984, LeBron grew up accustomed to apartheid. He lived in a poor community where few white people were seen. He also said that poor black children like him had dreams of playing in the NBA to change their destiny, but no one had the consciousness of playing for the national team.
When he went to high school, most of the students were white. For the first time in ninth grade, LeBron knew what a pantry was. For the first time, he was among so many white people. His first reaction was shocked and frightened.
I dont want to have anything to do with these white people. The stereotype that I have formed since I was a child is that these white people dont want us to be good, and they dont want to see us succeed and climb up from the bottom of society. I told myself that I came here just to play basketball and not to have any relations with these white people. They were all upset.
The African ancestors of these players were sold to the continent as slaves and were so abused that most of them lost their national civilization and language and forgot where the root was. They hold American passports, known as Americans, but their identity is always a burden they can not bear. Finally, they can only rely on the vague Vakanda Kingdom.
The glory of the Star-Spangled Banner and the celebration of Independence Day throughout the country do not symbolize carefree and bold pride in the eyes of a painful and sober Blackman who has been checked in the streets and is unable to speak to the police on an equal footing. Even elites like LeBron have to worry about the safety of future generations and the spray of their own mansions. How hard is it to deceive yourself with the words of abuse and the sense of patriotism and belonging?
Copernick was vilified as a villain because he tore open the camouflage and revealed the truth, Smith said. I support him. Whatever way he goes, hes telling the truth. He didnt use violence, and I thought people should listen to him anyway.
Just as Smith and Carlosprotests were heard in 1968. The silver medal winner who stood on the podium with them that year was Peter Norman, an Australian white athlete. Before accepting the award, he knew exactly what the two Americans were going to do behind him, so he went to an American rowing team athlete to borrow the Olympic human rights badge he wore to show his support for the two colleagues (they had only a pair of black gloves, which Norman suggested they wear one for each). He said, Im on your way. Carlos said he thought Norman would be intimidated by pressure when he came to power, and they had no way back. But what I saw in his eyes was not fear, but love. Source: Netease Sports Author: Kewell Responsible Editor: Yang Jiankun_NS4215
Just as Smith and Carlosprotests were heard in 1968. The silver medal winner who stood on the podium with them that year was Peter Norman, an Australian white athlete.
Before accepting the award, he knew exactly what the two Americans were going to do behind him, so he went to an American rowing team athlete to borrow the Olympic human rights badge he wore to show his support for the two colleagues (they had only a pair of black gloves, which Norman suggested they wear one for each).
Carlos said he thought Norman would be intimidated by pressure when he came to power, and they had no way back.
But what I saw in his eyes was not fear, but love.