Today we have to correct the name of North Jiangsu. We are really poor.

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 Today we have to correct the name of North Jiangsu. We are really poor.


This caution is understandable.

In recent years, the area of northern Jiangsu has been unhappy on the Internet. The word northern Jiangsu has often become the object of all kinds of cyber text and cartoon ridicule.

But in fact, this is not the case. North Jiangsu is not as poor as rumors on the Internet.

North Jiangsu is really immense

In order to make the endless discussions in northern Jiangsu more meaningful, we classify these years as Nantong, Yangzhou and Taizhou in central Jiangsu, and only discuss the five cities of northern Jiangsu in a narrow sense: Yancheng, Xuzhou, Huaian, Lianyungang and Suqian.

The first prejudice to be overcome is that even in Jiangsu Province, North Jiangsu is not equal to poverty.

According to the statistical yearbook of Jiangsu Province in 2018, Xuzhou and Yancheng in the north of Jiangsu have surpassed Yangzhou, Taizhou and Zhenjiang in the south of Jiangsu.

Building Scenery of Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, September 21, 2014

Looking at the whole country, the north of Jiangsu and the poor are even worse.

In the national ranking of urban GDP in 2018, all the five cities in northern Jiangsu are among the top 100 cities in the country.

What is this concept?

Xuzhou, the 33rd place, has surpassed Wenzhou, which is acknowledged to be rich, and Yancheng, the 36th place, has surpassed Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, and Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi Province.

Huaian, the third-lowest city in the province, can almost reach one province with one city, almost catching up with Ningxias GDP. Lianyungang and Suqian also surpass Urumqi, Lanzhou and other central and Western Provincial capitals.

Of course, GDP does not tell the whole story. It may be more convincing to know how much money the people of northern Jiangsu have to spend.

On May 1, 2017, during the May 1 holiday, citizens of Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, are buying gold jewelry at the gold counters of major shopping malls.

In 2018, on the per capita disposable income of residents in the whole country, only Yancheng did not lag behind in the five cities of northern Jiangsu, while the other four cities were hovering below the national line.

But put into the national coordinate system, Nanning, capital of Guangxi, Shijiazhuang, capital of Hebei, and Changchun, capital of Jilin Province, are not as high as the per capita income of northern Jiangsu.

On August 1, 2019, Huaian, Jiangsu Province. Zhang Guobaos Water Supermarket is doing well this summer with an average monthly income of more than 5000.

Compare the current situation with the money scenario and see how North Jiangsu has developed in recent years.

Xuzhou, which threatens to merge into Shandong, ranks fourth in the country after Beijing, Jinan and Shanghai, followed by Nanjing.

With the opening of Zhengzhou-Xuzhou high-speed railway, Xuzhou formally joined the one-hour metropolitan circle of four provincial capital cities, Nanjing, Hefei, Zhengzhou and Jinan. Xu-Su-Huai-Yan Railway is also about to open to traffic. Five cities in northern Jiangsu have their own high-speed railway network.

At 6:31 on September 10, 2016, the G1908 train from Zhengzhou to Fuzhou started slowly from Zhengzhou East Railway Station, which marked the official opening and operation of the Zhengzhou-Xuzhou High-speed Railway.

Most importantly, the gap between southern Jiangsu and Northern Jiangsu is far less than that imagined by other provinces.

Compared with Guangdong, which is also rich in oil, the economic relations between South Jiangsu and North Jiangsu are much more harmonious.

For many years, Guangdong has been calling for wealth first and then for wealth. The Pearl River Delta is still like Europe, and other regions are like Africa.

In 2018, the GDP of Shenzhen, the leader of Guangdong Province, was 28 times higher than that of Suqian, while that of Suzhou, the top ranking in Jiangsu Province, was 6.7 times higher than that of Suqian.

On January 23, 2015, an old man walked in a bamboo basket in Yunfu, Guangdong Province. Guangdong is not an economically developed first-tier city from the perspective of Yunfu

Xuzhou Huaian looks forward to joining hands to become the leader of Huaihai Economic Zone. Yanchengs goal is to access northern Shanghai. Lianyungang intends to become the bridgehead of the new Eurasian continent. Even the most backward Suqian, at least Liu Qiangdong will return home with his customer service center.

North Jiangsu is far richer than outsiders imagine, and the relationship with South Jiangsu is not as incompatible as outsiders imagine.

South Jiangsu and North Jiangsu are real brothers

Its OK to abuse 10,000 times when fighting inside, but if outsiders point their finger at it, Im sorry, Except for Shanghai, theres no appointment at all.

To a certain extent, North Jiangsu made sacrifices for the development of South Jiangsu. At the time of rapid industrialization in southern Jiangsu and the transformation of cultivated land into factories, the northern Jiangsu region undertook the heavy task of grain production.

In 1980, Suzhou could distribute 21% of its output to other regions, but now it has only 45% of the provinces output. In northern Jiangsu, except Xuzhou, the other four cities have shown a sharp rise, becoming the main grain-producing areas [3].

The per capita food data also prove this point.

From 1980 to 2005, the largest decline was in Suqian, Huaian and Yancheng, while the largest increase was in Suqian, Huaian and Yancheng.

According to the per capita grain in 2005, if we only depend on self-sufficiency, the per capita grain in southern Jiangsu is 216 kg, which is far below the well-off level of 400 kg, while the per capita grain in northern Jiangsu is 520 kg [3].

It can be said that the focus of grain production in Jiangsu Province has completely shifted to northern Jiangsu.

Figure: Li Yurui, & Bian Xinmin. (2008). Study on the Change of Regional Pattern of Food Production in Jiangsu Province. Regional Research and Development, 27 (2), 113-117.

North Jiangsu has no chance to build industrial parks like South Jiangsu. It is not only necessary to ensure the normal production of existing farmland, but also to make up for the overdraft of farmland indicators for the rehabilitation of South Jiangsu, so as to maintain the red line of farmland.

Of course, North Jiangsu is not foolish, land exchange is the normal operation.

Since 2001, in order to make money with the north of Jiangsu, five pairs of cities, Nanjing-Huaian, Wuxi-Xuzhou, Suzhou-Suqian, Changzhou-Yancheng, Zhenjiang-Lianyungang, have formed mutual assistance groups to promote industrial transfer.

Southern Jiangsu is responsible for finding money, technology and planning, while northern Jiangsu is responsible for land and labor. The proceeds of the project will be used for follow-up investment for ten years. Finally, the two sides will be divided and the money will be counted together.

On April 25, 2018, a worker in Datong District, Huainan City, Anhui Province, tuned in. The South-North Jiangsu Cooperation and Mutual Assistance Project has provided a large number of jobs for North Jiangsu.

The mutual aid group worked well.

By 2016, 45 parks will be built between the north and the south, attracting more than 100 billion yuan of registered capital, utilizing more than 4 billion US dollars of foreign capital, and driving 550,000 people to work, which is equivalent to solving the employment problem in a city of Sanya.

March 11, 2015, Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province, Shahe Town, Ganyu District, a returning migrant worker busy on the production line

Take Suqian for example, as a clone version of Suzhou Industrial Park, by the end of 2017, Suqian Industrial Park contributed 5% of the GDP of Suqian City, 22% of the enterprise tax revenue, and together with Dongge who returned home from clothing and brocade, it supported half of the Suqian economy.

Mutual dislike and mutual need, Jiangsu North and South, the relationship is probably 20 years of marriage between your father and your mother.

Subei people in Shanghai have changed their minds

Since the relationship between North and South Jiangsu is good, why is there such a stereotype that South Jiangsu despises the poverty of people in North Jiangsu?

As we all know, there are historical reasons for the poverty of northern Jiangsu.

Affected by the Yellow River, disasters continue to occur in northern Jiangsu. Heavy rains, small rains, until no rain, that is, drought and locust disasters. From 1840 to 1949, drought occurred 43 times in northern Jiangsu, and drought occurred 19 times in locust disasters.

At the end of the year, there are few days in northern Jiangsu to have a happy birthday.

During the period of the Republic of China, Shanghai and wealth, which were close by, attracted many refugees from northern Jiangsu and plunged into the famous shanty towns along the Suzhou River in Zhabei.

Refugees Flowing into Shanghai/Shanghai Library

People in northern Jiangsu have just arrived. They can only do the hard work of rickshaw driver and garbage cleaning. Of the rickshaw drivers in Shanghai, 95.7% are from northern Jiangsu, while less than 1% are from southern Jiangsu.

During the period of the Republic of China, the people of northern Jiangsu almost contracted for the work of Shanghai rickshaw drivers/Shanghai Library.

Without money, there is no decent hobby to cultivate. Prostitutes smoke more than half, and drinking and gambling are more common ways of recreation time.

In this way, poverty, poor quality, lack of culture has become a common label of people in northern Jiangsu.

However, with their own efforts, the people of northern Jiangsu have already slowly stepped out of such people-built.

After the reform and opening up, Shanghai has entered a period of rapid urban development. The shanty towns in northern Jiangsu have been demolished and the first people from northern Jiangsu who came to Shanghai have moved to the urban areas to live in scattered communities. It is no longer known that Gangboning is now.

Zaoshi/Shanghai Library in Zhabei District of Shanghai during the Republic of China

According to two surveys conducted by the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences in 1987 and 1991, 63.6% of the second generation and 75% of the third generation of Shanghai immigrants had no accent. By the fourth generation, their accent had basically disappeared and they could not be recognized as foreigners.

However, the hard and tired work always has to be undertaken by someone. Who inherited the name of the people of northern Jiangsu in the new era?

It is Anhui and Henan that bear all this for the north of Jiangsu.

On June 13, 2019, at Wanda Construction Site on the Pujiang River in Minhang, Shanghai, workers had lunch at the roof construction site. Most of the workers are from Anhui Province, looking forward to breaking a world in Shanghai.

From 2000 to 2010, the population of Anhui to Shanghai grew rapidly from 247,200 in 2000 to 260,530,000, a tenfold increase.

Henan people have also risen from the sixth to the third place in Shanghai.

At the same time, the economic development in Jiangsu Province has made more North Jiangsu people choose to stay in the province, and the number of Soviet workers in Shanghai has dropped from 24% to 16.8%.

The Anhui people who came to Shanghai succeeded the hard work of the people in northern Jiangsu.

According to statistics, Anhui migrant workers seven become junior high school and senior high school education, mostly engaged in manufacturing, or as nanny, takeout, repairman and so on [6].

Nowadays, migrant workers suffer almost as much as the former people in northern Jiangsu. Occupational discrimination caused by region still exists.

In Shanghai, if locals and outsiders are treated equally, 6% of blue-collar outsiders can become white-collar workers, and the number of white-collar workers among local people will decrease by 22% [5].

On May 14, 2005, a migrant worker was resting at the exit of Shanghai Metro. Behind it was the slogan of Shanghai Expo: Better City, Better Life.

One hundred years ago, the fate of the people in northern Jiangsu was still repeated on the edge of the city, and the once shanty towns in northern Jiangsu had become quiet and peaceful.

New Shanghai immigrants now gather in urban villages on the edge of the city. Gangboning and Anhui men work day after day, waiting for the day when poverty is washed away.

Reference material:

[1] Cai Liang. (2006). Subei people in Zhabei in modern times: 1900-1949.

[2] Ma Junya. (2003). Subei People in Modern Jiangnan City: Geographical Contradictions and Social Stratification. Monthly Journal of History, (1), 95-101.

[3] Li Yurui, Liu Yansui, & Longhualou. (2009). Influencing mechanism of temporal and spatial changes in grain production in Jiangsu Province. Progress in Geographic Science, 28 (1), 125-131.

[4] Sun Jun, & Yao Jianfeng. (2011). Empirical Analysis of the Contribution of Industrial Transfer to the Regional Economic Development of Jiangsu Province --- Taking North-South Industrial Park as an example. Economic Geography, 31 (3), 432-436.

[5] Meng, X., & Zhang, J. (2001). The two-tier labeling urbanChina: occupational segregation and wage differentials betweennurban resident and ruralmigrant in Shanghai. Journal of comparative economics, 29 (3), 485-504. [6] Shanghai Peoples Government (2015). Shanghai Foreign Population Survey. [7] Ethnic identity and region behind discriminatory discourse. Difference: Subei people in Shanghai (2018). Economic Observation Newspaper Review: Netease Wave Studio Author: Autumn Cold Responsible Editor: Wujing_NBJS9121

[5] Meng, X. & Zhang, J. (2001). The two-tier labeling conference in China: occupational egregation and wage differentiation betweennurban resident and ruralmigrant in Shanghai. Journal of comparative economics, 29 (3), 485-504.

[7] Ethnic Identity and Regional Differences Behind Discriminatory Discourse: Subei People in Shanghai (2018). Review of Economic Observation Newspaper