With nearly four years of construction and over 20 billion RMB investment, the third phase of Shanghai Pudong Airport Extension Project is scheduled to be put into operation on September 16. When Beijing Daxing Airport is put into operation at the end of September, there will be a great innovation in North China and East China Airlines Hubs.
In recent years, Shanghai has been trying to upgrade Pudongs position as an international aviation hub in the Asia-Pacific region. The third phase of the expansion is to help Pudong Airport further enhance its capacity. By then, Pudong Airport will be able to meet the demand of 80 million passengers per year.
Many passengers may have doubts when they arrived at Pudong Airport before. Why dont the nearer row of boarding bridges be opened? In fact, these corridors serve the most remarkable satellite hall in the third phase of Pudong Airport Project.
As the largest single long-distance satellite hall in the world, it covers an area of 620,000 square meters and can provide 86-125 different types of seats.
In addition, due to the addition of 90 new boarding bridges in the satellite office, the bridge-to-bridge ratio of future flights will be increased from 50% to more than 90%. (Elimination of Ferries)
Among them, there are 35 three-storey convertible boarding bridges around the central core area, and the same bridge aircraft can complete international and domestic flights switching in situ.
Corridor Bridge of Satellite Hall of Pudong Airport
What is the Satellite Office? The satellite office can be regarded as an independent terminal building separated from the main building of the airport terminal, but it will be connected to the main building through corridors, MRT systems, etc. For example, the D and E zones of the capital airport T3 can be regarded as satellites.
Maps of T1, T2 and S1, S2 locations of Pudong Airport
Similar to the mainstream terminal division of domestic large airports, Pudong Airport will continue to divide its share in the form of aviation enterprises and alliances in the future.
Eastern Shanghai Airlines Group and Tianhe Alliance members will be sitting on S1 and T1, according to the design indicators, can meet the annual passenger throughput demand of 36.8 million people. China Southern Airlines, Air China and Star Alliance will share S2 and T2, with an annual passenger throughput of 43.2 million.
Panorama of Satellite Hall of Pudong Airport
In the overall design, S1 and T1 are both blue and S2 and T2 are yellow, which ensures a unified style.
The waiting area of S2 Satellite Hall of Pudong Airport.
The satellite hall is also friendly to flying friends as a whole. Because of the large-scale use of steel structure, the empty side (facing the apron runway) is glass curtain wall, which can clearly capture the operation of the aircraft in the airport.
Glass curtain wall in waiting area of satellite Hall
The main role of the Satellite Office is to help Pudong Airport increase passenger handling capacity and improve flight services. At the same time, it satisfies the demand of international and domestic inbound and outbound ports, and adopts the design of domestic mixed flow and international diversion.
The so-called domestic mixed flow refers to the arrival and departure of domestic passengers in the same area. Wuhan Tianhe Airport T3, Capital Airport T1 and future Daxing Airport are similar designs.
Similar to Daxing Airport Terminal, the arrival and departure of passengers in the Satellite Hall of Pudong Airport are mainly divided into three levels: international passengers arriving at the bottom, domestic passengers arriving at the middle and international passengers departing at the top. In addition, there are transfer center layer and MRT platform layer.
Mixed flow design is more convenient to realize the transfer function of passengers. For example, the Pudong Airport Satellite Office S1 meets three transit modes: domestic to domestic, domestic to international and international to domestic.
From T1 and T2 of Pudong Airport to S1 and S2, the MRT system is adopted, which is divided into East and West lines, and each line is operated in a two-line mode.
Dual-line operation can avoid the embarrassment that the line can only be shut down in case of emergencies. For example, the capital airport T3 because of the failure of the contact line, a large number of passengers can only use ferry transport back to the main building, resulting in passenger gathering.
In addition, the Pudong Airport Rapid Transit System is the first urban rail transit system in the airside area of the global airport. A type of car, 4 sections in formation, two domestic and international carriages each, the fastest one-way 2 minutes 30 seconds to arrive.
Some people who know about rail transit may be impressed by the fact that both the T3 connection line at Capital International Airport and the internal connection train at Hong Kongs Chek Lap Kok Airport are rubber-wheeled.
Although steel wheel, rail and rubber wheel have their own advantages and disadvantages, generally speaking, steel wheel traffic is larger. At present, the vast majority of metro systems are steel wheels.
The so-called A-type vehicle is also one of the largest types of metro vehicles in the mainland at present. Typical representatives are Beijing Metro Line 16 and Shanghai Metro Line 1 and 2.
We can regard the design adopted in Shanghai as the inner metro of the airport. Because of this system, the MRT system of Pudong Airport has reserved driving space in fact. This is quite different from the first car of the T3 connection line of the Capital Airport, which is unshielded.
It should be noted that the main function of the Pudong Airport Satellite Office is passenger waiting. Therefore, departure passenger check-in, baggage check-in, exit formalities and security checks are still carried out in the main building. Similarly, the entry formalities for arriving passengers and the withdrawal of checked baggage also need to be handled in the main building. But the transit passengers can go through the formalities at the Transit counter in the satellite hall.
With the start-up of S1 and S2, most airlines in Pudong Airport will transfer part or all of their flights to the Satellite Office for operation. From next week, I believe that many netizens will bring their own experience of punching cards.
Satellite Office of Pudong Airport
Source: Liable Editor of Netease Aviation Special Paper: Lin Zhiheng_NY9285