The circular pointed out that the implementation scope of the project should be expanded to promote the utilization of livestock and poultry manure resources throughout the county. For eligible project counties, the proportion of central investment subsidies should not exceed 50% of the total investment of the project and not exceed 30 million yuan at most. At the same time, we will implement a subsidy project for the construction of large-scale pig farms. The central budget will provide one-time subsidy for the construction of new, expanded pig farms, large-scale pig farms (households), and the reconstruction of large-scale pig farms (households) in forbidden areas by the end of 2020. In principle, the proportion of the central subsidy will not exceed 30% of the total investment of the project, with a minimum of many. At 500,000 yuan, the maximum is not more than 5 million yuan.
This is one of a series of combined punches issued by the government in the context of the recent high pig prices. Moreover, it is obvious that this is no longer just a matter of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the competent agricultural department, but a matter that needs to be dealt with jointly by the relevant ministries, including the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Finance.
Insiders told the first financial reporter that under the combined role of policy support and market mechanism, pig production is expected to gradually recover, and the subsequent increase in pig prices is expected to slow down.
The country calls you to raise pigs.
Combing the recent policies issued intensively by central ministries and commissions involves many links, such as supply, circulation, market environment, social security, financing, land, environmental protection and so on. It can be said that the state calls you to raise pigs.
Faced with the problem of no money to support, on September 6, the Banking Insurance Regulatory Commission issued a notice jointly with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, requesting banking financial institutions to further increase support for the pig industry. It is necessary to make good financial services for pig farms (local pig farms), pig farms and slaughtering enterprises that meet the requirements of credit, but they should not blindly restrict loans, lend money or break loans.
The notice emphasizes that the scope of collateral against pledge should be broadened. Selecting Liaoning Province, Henan Province, Guangdong Province and Chongqing City to carry out the pilot projects of land management rights, farming enclosures and large-scale farming machinery mortgage loans, we will actively and steadily promote the expansion of the scope of collateral collateral by banking financial institutions. We will support areas with living pig mortgage registration, circulation and other conditions to actively and steadily carry out pilot live pig mortgage loans in accordance with the principles of marketization and risk control.
On September 5, the Ministry of Ecological Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas jointly issued a circular calling for further standardization of the delimitation and management of forbidden zones for livestock and poultry farming in order to promote the development of pig production. To investigate the situation of restricting the development of pig industry or reducing pig production capacity in violation of laws and regulations on the grounds of improving the ecological environment. Resolutely and promptly cancel the prohibited areas found in the investigation that exceed the provisions of laws and regulations and exceed the designated prohibited areas. The situation of restricting the development of pig industry and reducing pig production capacity in violation of laws and regulations should be rectified immediately.
The circular clearly requests that priority should be given to the reconstruction of large-scale farm households who need to be relocated in closed areas, and that environmental protection requirements for livestock and poultry farming construction projects should be accelerated for environmental assessment and approval. Strengthen technical guidance and assistance for pollution prevention and control of livestock and poultry farm households, and smooth the utilization channels of livestock and poultry manure resources. Farmers who really need to be closed should be given a reasonable transition period, avoiding clean-up instead of governance, and strictly forbidding simple practices such as all closed.
On September 2, the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas issued the Notice on the Resumption of Green Channel Policy for Fresh Agricultural Products Transportation for Piglets and Chilled Pork, pointing out that from September 1, the Green Channel Policy for Fresh Agricultural Products Transportation will be restored for vehicles legally transporting piglets and chilled pork.
In addition, on August 29, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said that it would continue to urge local governments to implement the linkage mechanism of price subsidies and grant temporary price subsidies to people in need. On the same day, the Ministry of Commerce said that it would encourage the expansion of pork imports and timely release of frozen pork and beef and mutton from the central reserve.
At the same time, various safeguards are being issued everywhere to stabilize the price of pork and ensure the supply of pork.
For example, Nanning has implemented temporary intervention measures on pork prices since September 1. Pork prices are limited in 10 major agricultural markets. Each stall sells lean meat, front and rear leg meat, five-flower meat and spareribs to the public at a price lower than 10% of the average market price in the first 10 days, according to the quota set by the citys commercial department. Consumers are limited to one kilogram a day.
Guangzhou has adopted ten measures to ensure supply and price stability, and to protect the vegetable basket of the citizens. It is understood that from September 7 to 30, Guangzhou will organize the delivery of 1 600 tons of frozen pork at a price below 10% of the market price through 8-word supermarket chains, Emperor Huangmens shops, schools, canteens and restaurants.
Supply will gradually recover and price increases are expected to slow down.
Wei Xin, a researcher in CITICs futures breeding industry, told the First Financial and Economic Journalist that African swine fever is the most important and fundamental factor leading to the current decline in productivity. Without African swine fever, there would not be such a big shortfall in pig supply.
The formulation of environmental policies is reasonable in itself, because the aquaculture industry is indeed polluting and the main source of greenhouse gas emissions. The environmental carrying capacity of southern China is limited, and environmental protection measures are necessary to ensure green mountains and waters. Wei Xin said.
Lin Guofa, director of research at Breck Agricultural Products Marketplace, also told First Financial and Economic Journalist that the main reason for the gap was swine fever in Africa, and that environmental protection policies were more likely to lead to an appropriate increase in the cost of farming, while leading to the concentration of pig farming zones, which did not significantly affect the productivity of pigs.
Since the outbreak of swine fever in Africa, a series of measures have been taken by government departments. Lin Guofa said that the prevention and control of swine fever in Africa is a systematic project, including breeding links, pig transfer, pork circulation and pork products circulation, while culling, subsidies, breeding and credit all involve multiple ministries. It is an objective fact that the production capacity of live pigs has declined. How to restore the confidence of farmers and farms and speed up the recovery of production capacity is an urgent problem at present. At present, credit, breeding land, pig transport green channel, epidemic detection and monitoring are good, superimposed on the current high pig prices, farmers confidence is gradually restored.
For the large-scale farming promoted in recent years, Lin Guofa said that the epidemic is a major shuffle of domestic pig industry. Some feed enterprises with smaller pig production capacity have accelerated the expansion of production capacity, and the original pig farming enterprises are also in the layout of a new round of expansion. Although in the medium and long term, the scale of pig farming in China has been continuously increasing, in the next five years, small and medium-sized farmers, especially family farms (300-1000 pigs per year) will still be the main force of pig farming in China. Reasonable guidance to local family farms and raising their awareness of environmental protection and breeding level are conducive to the stability of pork supply in China.
For the domestic market to put more reserve meat, Wei Xin said that this is more government departments in charge of the current tight pork supply ahead of schedule, do a good job of pre-storage, and in the current pork price is high, tight supply, dumping, reduce the market expectations of tight pork supply. In addition to increasing pork supply, it can also reduce the pressure of raisers and increase the stock of pigs at different stages. At the beginning of this year, the state started three rounds of pork storage in a short period of time. There is still a certain amount of reserve in hand, and the reserve meat will be put in timely according to market conditions. Looking ahead, insiders said that with preferential policies landing and market prices at a high level, these factors will stimulate the enthusiasm of farmers to fill the fence, and the number of live pig stocks will gradually increase; from the seasonal point of view, generally April to July is the high incidence period of the epidemic, after September the epidemic will enter a relatively stable period, which will also restore life. Pig production capacity to create conditions. But the pig production cycle is longer, it will take some time to fully restore the supply, and we need to maintain patience. Ye Xingqing, Minister of Rural Economic Research, Development Research Center of the State Council, said. Jianghai Securities Research and Report also said that the recent increase in demand, pork prices rose, but the latter is expected to slow down. Source: First Financial Responsibility Editor: Liu Song_NBJ9949
For the domestic market to put more reserve meat, Wei Xin said that this is more government departments in charge of the current tight pork supply ahead of schedule, do a good job of pre-storage, and in the current pork price is high, tight supply, dumping, reduce the market expectations of tight pork supply. In addition to increasing pork supply, it can also reduce the pressure of raisers and increase the stock of pigs at different stages. At the beginning of this year, the state started three rounds of pork storage in a short period of time. There is still a certain amount of reserve in hand, and the reserve meat will be put in timely according to market conditions.
Jianghai Securities Research and Report also said that the recent increase in demand, pork prices rose, but the latter is expected to slow down.