Japans Kyodo News Agency reported recently that since 2000, the number of scientific papers published by Japanese universities has stagnated, and the number of high-quality scientific papers in Japan has dropped sharply. Some experts believe that the Japanese government has tightened its research budget and widely adopted competition mechanisms to worsen the scientific research environment in Japan.
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According to Kyodo News Agency, statistics from the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Science and Technology, and a survey of scientific and technological research conducted by the Ministry of General Affairs show that the number of scientific papers published by Japanese universities has stagnated since 2000, as the Japanese government tightens its research budget and extensively adopts competition mechanisms.
At the same time, the number of papers in the United States and China has increased by leaps and bounds. In the world ranking of high-quality scientific papers, Japan slipped from fourth place in 2000 to 11th place in 2016.
Data show that from 1986 to 1999, the average annual growth of research funds in Japanese universities was 4.4%, and the average annual growth of scientific papers was 5.47%. However, in 1999, the research funds decreased compared with the previous year, and almost stopped growing in the past 20 years, and the number of papers almost stopped at the same time. The growth rate of research personnel funds is lower than that of overall research funds.
According to the analysis of Japanese experts, the related scientific research policies have made the scientific research environment worse in Japan. For example, the number of unstable research posts with tenure in Japanese universities has increased; the competitive funds for scientific researchers aimed at stimulating research vitality have not been effective, but there are doubts about policy.
Source: responsible editor of Xinhua News Agency: Wang Fengzhi_NT2541