Dunhuang, once grand and brilliant, is a bright pearl on the ancient Silk Road, where Chinese and Western civilizations collide, blend and converge.
In September 2016, the first Silk Road (Dunhuang) International Cultural Exposition opened. General Secretary Xi Jinping sent a special congratulatory letter, calling Dunhuang an important hub of cultural convergence between the East and the West in history, and pointing out that history shows that mutual learning and progress of cultures of all nations in the world are the basic characteristics of human civilization and an important driving force for the development of human civilization.
At the eastern foot of Mingsha Mountain and the West Bank of the Louquan River, 735 caves stretch over a cliff about 2 kilometers north and south, witnessing the past glory of the ancient Silk Road. More than 45,000 square meters of murals and more than 2,000 body painted sculptures have gone through the vicissitudes of thousands of years, still glowing with the admirable and fascinating beauty of legend.
The brilliance of Dunhuang is a vivid symbol of open and inclusive Chinese civilization.
During a discussion with experts, scholars and representatives of cultural units, General Secretary Xi Jinping said, Dunhuang culture shows the cultural confidence of the Chinese nation. Only a self-confident civilization can contain, draw lessons from and absorb the outstanding achievements of various civilizations while maintaining its own characteristics.
The history of Dunhuang tells us that civilization thrives because of communication and declines because of isolation.
Therefore, General Secretary Xi Jinping further pointed out: Today, if we want to create a new splendor of Chinese culture, we must carry out cultural exchanges with other countries more broadly with a broader mind, and learn from all the outstanding achievements of world civilization more actively.
The brilliance of Dunhuang is a profound testimony of the connection between cultural and national sports.
The construction of Mogao Grottoes began in the second year of pre-Qin Dynasty (366 A.D.) and then passed through Beiliang, Northern Wei, Western Wei, Northern Zhou, Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, Song, Uighur, Western Xia and Yuan Dynasties. It lasted for eleven or fourteen years.
Literary changes are influenced by the worlds circumstances, and the rise and fall depend on the time sequence. Once upon a time, Dunhuang is in China and Dunhuang studies are abroad was the pain in the hearts of many people.
Hearing that the Mogao Grottoes have been plundered and destroyed for hundreds of years, after the founding of New China, not only have they been properly protected, but Dunhuang culture has been increasingly developed and spread abroad, General Secretary Xi Jinping can not help but lament that only when the country is strong can it prosper.
The history of Dunhuang enlightens us that the great era calls for a prosperous culture, which will also produce a prosperous culture.
As General Secretary Xi Jinping said at the Symposium on literary and artistic work, The rejuvenation of a nation requires a strong material force as well as a strong spiritual force. When high-rise buildings stand everywhere in our country, the building of the spirit of the Chinese nation should also stand tall.
Constantly striving for self-improvement and building up a city of common aspirations
On the morning of the 20th, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Jiayuguan Pass, climbed up the stairs, climbed to the city building, inspected the layout of the city, and listened to the introduction of the protection of the Great Wall.
Jiayuguan is the starting point of the west end of the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty. It was built in Hongwu of Ming Dynasty (1372 AD). It has 647 yearshistory. It is an ancient military pass along the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty with the earliest construction time, the most magnificent building scale and the most complete preservation.
Unlike the Haina Baichuan of Dunhuang culture, Jiayuguan shows another magnificent and magnificent atmosphere. According to the two mountains and choking throat, there are walls inside and outside the city, trenches outside the walls, layers of fortification and tight layout, which is worthy of being the first grand pass in the world.
In todays world, when people mention China, they will think of the Great Wall; when they mention Chinese civilization, they will also think of the Great Wall.
At Jiayuguan Pass, General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly explained the profound connotation of the Great Wall culture: The Great Wall embodies the Chinese nations spirit of striving for self-improvement and the patriotism of building a city with all aspirations and perseverance, and has become the representative symbol of the Chinese nation and an important symbol of Chinese civilization.
The Great Wall is not only a construction project, but also a carrier of national spirit and cultural blood.
The Western Route Army:
The Spirit of Xuewo Qilian is Eternal
General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed: History is the best textbook. For us Communists, the Chinese revolutionary history is the best nutrient. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, from Hutuo River to Baota Mountain, from Zunyi Ancient City to Yimeng Old District, from Shanghai Xingye Road to Jiaxing Nanhu Lake in Zhejiang Province, from Liupanshan Mountain to Yudu River, the General Secretarys red footprint has spread all over the old revolutionary areas and sacred revolutionary sites.
Gansu is a red land, which plays an irreplaceable role in the process of Chinese revolutionary history.
On the morning of the 20th, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Gaotai County, Zhangye City, to pay a visit to the Monument of the West Route Army of the Chinese Workersand Peasants Red Army and the cemetery of the martyrs killed in battle, to visit the Memorial Hall of the West Route Army of the Chinese Workersand Peasants Red Army, and to lay flower baskets to the Revo
This is a magnificent and sobbing chapter in the history of Chinese revolution.u2014u2014
In October 1936, after the First, Second and Fourth Front Armies of the Chinese Workersand Peasants Red Army joined in the Victory Division of Huining, Gansu Province, the headquarters of the Fourth Front Army, the Thirtieth Army, the Ninth Army and the Fifth Army totaled more than 21800 people. Upon the instructions of the Central Revolution Military Commission, they crossed the Yellow River westward to carry out the Nin Afterwards, because of the change of battlefield situation, the troops crossing the river formed the West Route Army and turned to the Hexi Corridor.
Under extremely difficult circumstances, the Western Route Army has made immortal achievements in its deadly struggle with the Kuomintang Army and strategically supported the main forces of the Red Army in Hedong.
The mountains are buried with loyalty, and the blood shines through the ages.
At the Memorial Hall of the West Road Army, General Secretary Xi Jinping said with emotion, History is written like this: how ambitious it is to sacrifice for the sake of it! Their great irreplaceable and indelible contributions are forever recorded in the annals of history. They have shown the revolutionary spirit and struggling spirit of our Party, and embodied the spirit of the Red Army and the spirit of the Long March.
He encouraged the staff present to tell the stories of the Party, the Red Army and the Western Route Army well, so that the broad masses of Communists will not forget their original intention and remember their mission, so that the broad masses of the people can deeply understand that the red regime is hard-won, the new China is hard-won, and socialism with Chinese characteristics is hard-won. Teenagers are branded with red marks from childhood to pass on the red gene.
Only by grasping history can we open up the future, find out where we come from, and be more firmly committed to our goals.
From the cultural enlightenment of Dunhuang for thousands of years, to the heroic spirit of lofty and majestic customs, to the immortal spirit of the Iron and Blood Western Expedition, General Secretary Xi Jinpings visit to Hexi Corridor conveys historical wisdom and strength of learning from past and future.