Amazon Rainforest Fire Causes Global Anger Nine Questions Answer Your Concerns

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 Amazon Rainforest Fire Causes Global Anger Nine Questions Answer Your Concerns


Weeks of Amazon rainforest fires have sparked global anger. On Friday, many protestors gathered outside Brazilian embassies in many countries, demanding that the Brazilian government deal with the rainforest fires, and even calling on Brazilian President Borssonalo to step down.

Faced with heavy pressure, Bolsonaro finally signed a decree on Friday requiring Brazilian armed forces to travel to nature reserves, indigenous areas and border areas in the Amazon region to help cope with the burning fires.

Brazilian President Bolsonaro. Photo Source/Visual China

However, it is still unknown whether the Amazon fire, which has been burning for weeks, can be effectively controlled. Foreign Affairs will give you nine questions about why the Amazon Rainforest Fire has attracted worldwide attention.

Question: Why is the Amazon rainforest so important?

Amazon tropical rain forest is located in the Amazon Plain of South America, covering an area of 5.5 million square kilometers. It is the largest and most species tropical rain forest in the world. It is called lungs of the earth and green heart. Rainforests span nine countries, of which Brazil accounts for 60 per cent.

Amazon Rainforest plays an important role in the Earths ecosystem. It is of great significance to mitigate global warming and protect biodiversity. In addition, the Amazon rainforest has 20% of the worlds biological species, 50% of the worlds plant and bird species, 20% of the worlds freshwater resources, and nearly 30 million people live in the region, including nearly 1 million indigenous people from 400 tribes.

An aerial photograph of the Amazon rainforest fire disaster area was taken in the northern Brazilian state of Londonia on August 23, local time. Photo Source/Visual China

Question 2: When will the fire start?

In fact, fires occur in the Amazon Rainforest at this time of year because of the dry climate. But it is reported that this years fire has set a record.

According to the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE), there have been nearly 73,000 forest fires in Brazil since January to August this year, an increase of 83% over the same period last year, the highest recorded since 2013. INPE also said that since August 15, more than 9,500 new fires have been discovered in the Amazon rainforest. Brazils Amazonas declared a state of emergency on August 9, and Acre was on environmental alert on August 16.

But recent analysis by NASA in the United States shows that the Amazon Rainforest Fire is on average over the past 15 years.

Three questions: What are the consequences of the fire?

Fire has a great impact on the animals, plants and indigenous people in the rainforest. According to the BBC, in recent years, continuing fires have caused smoke to cover the entire Amazon region, generating a lot of carbon dioxide, and the skies of Sao Paulo, 3,200 kilometers away, have become more gloomy.

Wood burning also releases a lot of carbon monoxide, and climate monitoring agencies show that a lot of carbon monoxide has even drifted to the coastline of South America.

Experts also said that the fire will have a direct impact on South Americas climate, such as reduced rainfall, drier climate and so on. In the long run, carbon emissions from fires may lead to more serious global warming.

An aerial photograph of the Amazon rainforest fire disaster area was taken in the northern Brazilian state of Londonia on August 23, local time. Photo Source/Visual China

Four Questions: What is the cause of the fire?

Forest fires are not uncommon during the dry season, but some environmentalists and non-governmental organizations believe that excessive deforestation is the main cause of this years record number of fires in Amazon. INPE also said that deforestation has increased by 80% over last year since this year, leading to an increase in fires to some extent.

According to CNN, some experts believe that this years Amazon rainforest fire is related to local agricultural activities. Farmers and ranchers have been using fire to clean up land to make it suitable for grazing, which could lead to an increase in fires in the Amazon region, said Polier, director of the Amazon Watch project, a non-profit organization. Many fires may have been artificially ignited, because rainforests are not easy to fire naturally, Polier said.

Brazilian journalist Boccanera said that this years Amazon rainforest fire was caused by a combination of natural phenomena and local human behavior. Many people believe that under Bolsonaro, in order to develop agriculture, there will be no punishment for arson, so they are more reckless.

Five questions: Why was Borsonero approved?

During the fire, Brazilian President Borssonalo faced fierce criticism from the international community. Many people condemned Bolsonaros inaction, which led to the continuation of the fire.

According to the BBC, Borsonero, who previously ignored INPE data, said it was time for farmers to set fire to clean up their land. This week, he even hinted that the fire was set off by some non-governmental organizations, although he himself admitted that there was no evidence to prove it.

Some environmentalists also condemned Bolsonaro for encouraging farmers and ranchers to clean up their land. During his campaign, he promised to reduce punishment for rainforest destroyers and weaken the influence of the environmental sector. In April, Bolsonaro also suggested opening a nature reserve for mining.

Sixth question: How did the people of all countries react?

Hundreds of demonstrators gathered outside Brazils Embassy in Britain on August 23 to protest against Brazilian President Borssonallos inaction to the Amazon rainforest fire, holding up signs with the words Our home is on fire and Our planet deserves better, the Guardian reported.

In addition, many demonstrators gathered outside Brazilian embassies in France, Spain, Switzerland, Mexico, Colombia and other countries to protest. Many cities in Australia, Sweden, the United States and other countries are also preparing to hold demonstrations and protests. In Brazil, many people are organizing public protests in several cities, calling for a response to rainforest fires.

Prior to this, social media pray for Amazon, act for Amazon and save Amazon have become hot topics for many days. Many netizens appealed to relevant departments to pay attention to the Amazon rainforest fire and save the lungs of the earth.

On August 23, local time, people gathered in London, England, calling on the Brazilian government to take measures to control the Amazon rainforest fire. Photo Source/Visual China

Seven questions: How did leaders respond?

This week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Mark Long and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson all spoke about the fire, calling it an international crisis, according to the BBC. Merkel calls it a real emergency and Mark Long postulates that our home is burning and the two also say they will discuss the issue at this weekends G7 summit. Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau also expressed support on Twitter.

France and Ireland also said that if Brazil did not step up its response to the Amazon fire, they would not ratify trade agreements with South American countries; Finlands finance minister, the rotating presidency of the European Union, even called on the European Union to suspend Brazilian beef imports.

U.S. President Trump also tweeted Friday night that he had spoken to Borssonallo and suggested that the United States could help them.

In the context of the global climate crisis, we cannot afford the consequences of damage to a major source of oxygen and biodiversity, U. N. Secretary-General Guterres said on Twitter on Thursday. Amazon must be protected!

Question 8: How does Borsonero deal with it?

Regarding Maurons statement, Borsonaro retorted that Mauron used internal affairs of Brazil and other Amazon countries to score his own political points and discussed the Amazon fire in G7 without the participation of Amazon countries as colonial ideology in the 21st century.

However, under pressure from the international community, Bolsonaro delivered a televised speech on Friday announcing that he would send armed forces to help cope with the Amazon rainforest fire. It was reported that the operation lasted for one month, from 24 August to 24 September.

In his speech, Bolsonaro reiterated his condemnation of those who spread false information, saying that Brazil has its own laws to protect its rainforests. But he also said, We need to provide opportunities for development, not just protection issues, calling the fires average over the past 15 years. Were in a hot, dry season, with strong winds, and fires occur at this time of year, Bolsonaro said. Fires are more common in hot years.

The burned Amazon jungle in Port Vero, Brazil, August 23, local time. Photo Source/Visual China

Question 9: How long will the Amazon rainforest regenerate after the fire?

According to the BBC, Yadvinder Malhi, a professor of Ecological Sciences at Oxford University, said, Rainforests generally take 20 to 40 years to regenerate if they are given the chance to regenerate.

However, the fires currently burning will make the trees that have escaped the fires more vulnerable to drought or further fires. Professor Malhi said that if fires destroyed large areas of rainforests every few years, they could cause permanent damage to Amazon, which could even be reduced to shrubbery.

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