Rats enter human retreat? 2000 acres of farmland in Sichuan are occupied by squirrels.

category:Global
 Rats enter human retreat? 2000 acres of farmland in Sichuan are occupied by squirrels.


Since the beginning of the natural forest protection project and the project of returning farmland to forests in 1998, the countys woodland area has been greatly improved.

Development of bamboo industry

In this process, the farmers traditional agricultural dependence has gradually weakened, and the benefits of economic trees have gradually emerged: the double Lotus Village, which is not suitable for grain, has vigorously developed the bamboo industry over the past 10 years.

More and more squirrels are squirrels

A large increase in the area of bamboo forests is accompanied by an increase in wild animals such as squirrels.

Urbanization

Over the past 20 years, more than 800 households in the village, at least 200 or more, have bought houses in towns, and at least 50 families have sent their children to universities.

Industrial transfer

In 2017, in the reunification of the 162 households under the unified planning of the Jiangmen Town, 9 poor households moved to the town of Jiangmen in the double Lotus Village, and the mode of production became the main kind of fungus.

Less and less people

The increase in population has led to occupation of the habitat of animals, and now the process of urbanization has returned the land to animals.

Xu Huailiang, professor and vice president of School of life sciences, Sichuan Agricultural Uniersity

When he came back from work, Li Dingkai found that the crops were not well planted.

There are too many squirrels and birds, and they are badly spoiled. In the village of Shuang Lian, Jiangmen Town, Xuyong County, Luzhou, Sichuan, this generation of agricultural villages is no longer suitable for farming. A corn field near Li Dingkais side was cut by half, and it was all taken out by squirrels. Even if rice is planted, villagers Yang Song has found that after losing the birds light, the loss is at least 10%.

In the past 20 years, the village has changed completely. Ceng Weigang, a village secretary, told the Chengdu Commercial Daily reporter that not many people were planting seriously. Many people went out to work and even settled in the city.

Ceng Weigang gave a set of such data, double lotus village population of 3167 people, the current permanent population of only more than 1200 people, the original cultivated land more than 3200 mu, now estimated, still farming is still about 1200 mu. Most of the villagers did not live by farming, and large areas of bamboo covered the villages. When villagers gradually moved out of the village, squirrels and other wild animals began to occupy the village.

A confrontation with squirrels was staged in the village. After a short land grabbing, villagers in the village also had no heart to fight.

Li Dingkai, who had been abandoned this year, was planning to grow bamboo. Last year, Li Ding sold 100 tons of bamboo to the local bamboo pulp mill, earning forty thousand or fifty thousand yuan. He said he had to grow more bamboo, and farming is not cost-effective.

Snatch food

Cherry, no cherry for three years

Corn, half of the squirrel

Shuang Lian village, a tree dried by a squirrel.

The villagers thought of many ways to set off firecrackers, catch them in safety cages, and even poison them, but with little effect. Li Dingkai had a lucky catch. He found the squirrel running fast in the tree, but on the flat, cant run. he and his wife chased the ground for more than 10 meters in the ground, holding the unlucky squirrel.

Li Dingkai went out for 10 years to work. He came back to repair the house in the first two years and planted 10 acres of land, mainly corn, potato, sweet potato, and to feed the pig, but his familys main income was a bamboo forest. Last year, he chopped 100 tons of bamboo to the bamboo pulp mill, earning forty thousand or fifty thousand yuan.

Li Dingkai soon discovered that farming was uneconomical and hard, and was also ruined by wild things. Last year, he had a piece of land on the side of the hill. Before he had to collect more than 300 Jin of corn, half of them were eaten by squirrels, and at last he received less than 200 Jin. This year, the land was abandoned.

Yang Song, who has been at home, has also found that in the last four or five years, more and more mink face cats, in addition to the cherries and pears around the house were taken out by the mink face cat, and the four season beans and sweet potatoes in the ground were the same. Besides mink face cat and birds, Yang Song told the Chengdu Business Daily that rice probably has a reduction of 10% a year.

Yang Song now saw that the squirrels did not catch up. In vain, they hurried back, and they were very clever in the trees and the bamboo groves. Yang Song said that when the squirrel patronized the cherry tree, it was often the first one, and then a few voices were summoned, and then a few more, and the last 35 squirrels joined the tree until they finished the cherry. Recently, the pear has already been fruiting, and the squirrel is staring at a pear tree beside the house.

Everything is eating, no food, villagers Wu Zhongyun told the Chengdu commercial newspaper reporter, he found that the ground pumpkin, cucumbers will be eaten by squirrels, and some of the trees are squirrels nibbling.

Rat into

The scope of human activity

Smaller and smaller

Range of squirrel activity

Liu Hanjun, the villager, also planted some crops in his old home. Two old people are in their homes, planting near, the water is good, Liu Hanjun said, other not very good land, all planted bamboo.

Liu Hanjun bamboo is not much in the village, but it can also cut 20 tons, according to the current market, there are more than 10 thousand yuan of income. In Jiangmen Town, the bamboo pulp plant, which was put into operation in November 2017, directly stimulated the enthusiasm of local bamboo farmers.

The 4 groups of double Lotus Village 4 groups of bamboo in the village more, his family has 120 mu of bamboo, each mu of 1 tons of bamboo per mu, he himself also in the village to buy bamboo, bamboo sent to bamboo factory, bamboo factory after processing, and bamboo to bamboo pulp factory. With the development of bamboo industry, He Daiyao has given up farming, but the reason he gave is that squirrels are too many to grow.

In fact, for the mountain village of Shuang Lian village, farming has never been the best choice. Ceng Weigang told the Chengdu Commercial Daily reporter, what kind of land can be planted? Now the grain price is not rising, and the cost of farming has increased a lot. In the south of Luzhou, there are many mountains like double Lotus Village, which can not be mechanized and the land is artificial. Zeng Wei Gang said that, from the development situation, the double Lotus Village will be more and more unsuitable for grain.

For villagers, bamboo is a good choice. Bamboo is a good choice. It does not need more care. After planting, people can continue to go out to work. When they need to be cut down, other villagers or people are cut down. This income is clean. Lin Du Bao gave him a cut.

A large increase in the area of bamboo forests is accompanied by wild animals such as squirrels. Every morning, the sound of a birds sounding, and the squirrels mutter is particularly loud. Usually quiet, when he eats sooner or later, you can hear it everywhere, Yang Song said, the bamboo and flat ground is the boundary of the squirrels activity, and the squirrels basically live in the woodland, but they often cross the border to waste the crops on the woodland. Fruit.

Standing on the hillside, overlooking the Lotus Village, lush, dense forest cover, rare land. Yang Song said, the feeling is that the range of human activities is getting smaller and smaller, and the activity range of squirrels is wider and wider.

Human retreat

More and more people withdraw

Only 1200 acres of land are still in cultivation

Liu Hanjun, 43, opened an auto repair shop in Jiangmen town. 18 years ago, he went to Chengdu to learn to repair a motorcycle. Five or six years ago, he found that the motorcycle business was not good, and he went to Chengdu to study the car. He did not plan to go back to the land.

Chen Gang, 43, now lives in Jiangmen Town, bought a house and contracted some small projects. He had worked in Guangdong for more than 10 years before he returned to his hometown, but he never came back to the village again. He said that after wandering abroad for so many years, he still used to live in his hometown. He came back from work, and he built a building in the village, but the life in the countryside could not go back.

After leaving the village 20 years ago, Liu Hanjun and Chen Gang felt the inevitable choice, when all the young people in the village went out, worked, did business, and some villagers tried to send their children to study.

Chen Gang planted the land when he was young, and his parents love for the land made him memorable. In the village of double lotus, the tradition of generation of ancestors was still branded with his parents. All sides and corners are planted, Chen Gang remembers. At that time, food was not enough to eat.

In the view of Zeng Wei Gang, the spring breeze of reform and opening began to wake the village of Shuang Lian in the 90s of last century. It was this period when the young people began to go out and put their fathers land behind them.

Ceng Weigang introduced that the whole village has a statistic of more than 3200 mu of cultivated land. Now it is estimated that only 1200 Mu is still cultivated, some land is abandoned, and some slopes are slant planted on bamboo. The total number of registered residents in the village is 3167, which is about 1200 people in the permanent residence, and most of them are elderly people. Ceng Weigang said that the village population is experiencing a sharp decline in the process, he roughly calculated the account, over the past 20 years, the village of more than 800 people, at least more than 200 households have bought a house in the town, at least 50 families have sent their children to the University. The latest scale relocation is the governments relocation of poverty alleviation. In 2017, in the unified planning of the 162 households under the unified planning of the Jiangmen Town, 9 poor households moved to the town of Jiangmen.

Expert view

There is no ecological imbalance, planning should consider ecological compensation.

According to the data provided by Xuyong Forestry Bureau, the forest coverage rate in the county has increased from 51.17% in 2011 to 56.22% in 2017. Xuyong county is a typical mountain feature, and the situation of pure agricultural production is changing rapidly. Zhang Li, director of the Xuyong County Forestry Bureau, told the Chengdu commercial newspaper reporter that in recent years, Xuyong county has vigorously developed economic trees, the main species of fruit trees in the south, Chinese fir and camphor in the middle, and the bamboo industry in the north.

Zhang Li introduced that since the natural forest protection project and the project of returning farmland to forest in 1998, the area of woodland in the whole county has been greatly improved. In this process, the traditional agricultural dependence of farmers has gradually weakened, and the benefits of economic trees have gradually emerged. The rate of urbanization in Xuyong is not high, but it has been growing very fast in the past few years. According to the statistics of Xuyong County Bureau of statistics, the urbanization rate in 2015 was 31.22%, 32.59% in 2016, and 34.16% in 2017.

Xu Huailiang, a professor and vice president of the College of life science, Sichuan Agricultural Uniersity, told Chengdu commercial newspaper reporters, such as the village of double Lotus Village, is now very common, the trend of ecological restoration is really obvious. At present, there is no ecological imbalance in squirrel increase. Nature has the ability of self regulation.

Xu Huailiang said that from the perspective of ecological development, this is a good phenomenon. From a historical point of view, the increase in population has led to the occupation of the habitat of the animals, and the process of urbanization and the return of the land to the animals. At the same time, the development of economic trees has a positive effect on regulating climate, soil and water conservation and biodiversity. But from a macro perspective, the single vegetation is also a matter of consideration. In some areas, some other plants can be inserted. On the other hand, for the local villagers, the ecological compensation perspective should also be included in the macro planning. In 2017, 162 poor households were moved by the unified planning of Jiangmen town. While moving from the village to the town, the villagers also realized the transfer of industry, from the agricultural production to the multi management model of the wood ear as the leading industry. Ceng Weigang told Chengdu commercial newspaper reporter, since ancient times, relying on the land of the double Lotus Village, its agricultural characteristics are gradually disappearing, I know, like Li Dingkai family of 10 acres of land in the village, in the double lotus village has not more than 5 households, Zeng Wei Gang said that more villagers rely on the income of migrant workers, at the same time the development of bamboo industry. Li Dingkai also believes that farming is not cost-effective. he has bought an agricultural vehicle specially designed for transporting bamboo. He believes that this village will eventually end the history of planting grain. Source: Chengdu business daily editor: Han Jiapeng _NN9841

Xu Huailiang said that from the perspective of ecological development, this is a good phenomenon. From a historical point of view, the increase in population has led to the occupation of the habitat of the animals, and the process of urbanization and the return of the land to the animals. At the same time, the development of economic trees has a positive effect on regulating climate, soil and water conservation and biodiversity. But from a macro perspective, the single vegetation is also a matter of consideration. In some areas, some other plants can be inserted. On the other hand, for the local villagers, the ecological compensation perspective should also be included in the macro planning.

In 2017, 162 poor households were moved by the unified planning of Jiangmen town. While moving from the village to the town, the villagers also realized the transfer of industry, from the agricultural production to the multi management model of the wood ear as the leading industry.

Ceng Weigang told Chengdu commercial newspaper reporter, since ancient times, relying on the land of the double Lotus Village, its agricultural characteristics are gradually disappearing, I know, like Li Dingkai family of 10 acres of land in the village, in the double lotus village has not more than 5 households, Zeng Wei Gang said that more villagers rely on the income of migrant workers, at the same time the development of bamboo industry.

Li Dingkai also believes that farming is not cost-effective. he has bought an agricultural vehicle specially designed for transporting bamboo. He believes that this village will eventually end the history of planting grain.