In the Northwest region, Xian is even more outstanding. Outside Shaanxi, there are only 6 211 universities in several northwest provinces. In terms of quantity, a city in Xian can choose all of them.
Xian University, Legendary Birth
Why are there so many good universities in Xian? This should start with a group of students who came to Xian from thousands of miles away.
In 1938, a group of students from the National Beiyang Institute of Technology moved from Tianjin to Xian. They did not travel all the way from Tianjin to the west, but first through the Japanese Concession, then tried to enter the French Concession, took British ships, crossed the Bohai Sea from Dagukou to Qingdao, and then detoured to Xian.
Around a big circle, the university students finally came to Xian, glaring with excitement, and congratulating each other that they had finally arrived at the Emperor Capital of Chinese Culture and would enter a well-known university in the whole country: Northwest United Nations University .
School Name on the Movie Wall of National Northwest University/Beijing Normal University Official Website
Yes, youre right. Its not the Southwest United Nations University, its the Northwest United Nations University.
Even if you dont know much about the history of higher education in China, there are always some impressions when people mention the name of Southwest United University. But when it comes to the Northwest United Nations General Assembly, it is estimated that you will only have a blank face.
In fact, the Southwest United University and the Northwest United University are twins.
College Students in the Westward Migration/Xian Jiaotong University Medical Department Website
Less than a year after the outbreak of the Lugouqiao Incident in 1937, 91 of Chinas 108 universities were damaged by war and 25 were temporarily suspended. If this goes on, Chinas higher education will be in danger.
Therefore, the National Government urgently asked the university to relocate. The National Peiping University, the National Beiyang Institute of Technology and the National Peiping Normal University have chosen to move westward to form the Xian Provisional University.
Campus Affairs Committee of Xian Provisional University/Hanzhong Archives Bureau
By 1938, Xian Provisional University was officially renamed the National Northwest United University. Just the day before, Changsha Provisional University was renamed the National Southwest United University.
Emblem of Xian Provisional University/History Museum of Northwest University
The two schools are comparable not only in name but also in strength. Compared with the small and refined Southwest Associated University, the Northwest Associated University takes a large and complete route, which includes arts, science, industry, agriculture and medicine. It is not excessive to say that the two United Nations conferences in the southwest and Northwest were equally well-known at that time.
From the enrollment, we can see the grand occasion of Northwest United University. In 1938, Northwest United University enrolled 422 people. If we count Northwest Institute of Technology and Northwest Agricultural College which were separated halfway, Northwest United University was the most enrolled University in the country at that time, even surpassed the Central University of Peking University.
So famous, why havent you heard of this school? Because the Northwest United University only existed for one year and four months, it was divided into five national universities: Northwest University, Northwest Polytechnic College, Northwest Medical College, Northwest Agricultural College and Northwest Normal College.
However, although the existence of the Northwest General Assembly is short, it has left a real legacy.
Although the more famous Southwest United Nations University has left behind a legend, with the end of the Anti-Japanese War, the three famous universities that formed the Southwest United University moved back, and the higher education in Southwest China returned to silence. Yunnan, the seat of the Southwest United University, still has only 211 universities.
On April 17, 2016, in Changan Campus of Northwest Polytechnic University, there is a famous domestic aircraft ARJ-21 parked in the beautiful campus. Northwest Polytechnic University evolved from Northwest Polytechnic University.
On the contrary, the Northwest United University is much more affordable. Most of the five universities separated by Northwest United University remain in the local area. The five seeds it planted, which really took root in the northwest, became the source of many famous universities in Xian in the future.
Xian Jiao Da Hao, as the whole country knows
The beginning of higher education in Xian depends on the westward migration of Eastern universities. However, even if it inherited the legacy of the Northwest United Nations University, by 1949, there were only three institutions of higher learning in Shaanxi Province, namely, Northwest University, Northwest Agricultural College and Northwest Polytechnic College.
Xian, as a city of universities, will rise until the founding of the Peoples Republic of China, the second westward migration of Eastern universities.
In the early days of the founding of the Peoples Republic, Chinas industrial development was extremely uneven. In order to change this situation, during the First Five-Year Plan period, 44 national defense enterprises were newly built, of which 35 were in the western and central regions, and 21 were in Shaanxi and Sichuan.
This industrial migration has laid a solid foundation for Xian as an industrial center of gravity, with industry naturally in need of talents. In 1955, in order to cooperate with the first Five-Year plan. The Ministry of Education has decided to move into and build 27 universities in Xian, Chengdu, Lanzhou and Chongqing.
On September 3, 2018, the Opening Ceremony for Grade 2018 Students of Xian University of Electronic Science and Technology was solemnly held in Yuanwanggu Stadium, South Campus. Xian University of Electronic Science and Technology is one of the universities that moved west to Xian after the founding of the Peoples Republic of China.
The effect of this migration is remarkable. By 1956, the number of college students in Shaanxi had jumped to the seventh in the country. The proportion of engineering students has risen to nearly triple .
Similarly, in 1955, Xian universities welcomed their leading brother, Xian Jiaotong University.
The Opening Ceremony of Xian Jiaotong University in 1956/the Westward Moving Museum of Xian Jiaotong University
Xian Jiaotong University is also a product of supporting Xian. At that time, there was a shortage of Engineering Universities in Xian, so the State Council decided to move Shanghai Jiaotong University, a strong engineering university in Shanghai, to Xian.
In order to train talents to support the northwest, the state contributed to the construction of the campus of Xian Jiaotong University. At that time, the facilities of Xian Jiaotong University were among the best/the official network of Xian Jiaotong University.
At this time, Xian Jiaotong University is a month of celebrities. The rice served by foreign guests in Xian was eaten by Jiao Daxians ancestors, and spinach was shipped from Guangzhou without enough vegetables. In order to find a job, other units should first have the children of Xian Jiaotong University . At that time, the identity of adults was the passport in Xian, where adults were given green lights everywhere.
But Shanghai Jiaotong University was so miserable that it was almost uprooted. After several debates, the name of Shanghai Jiaotong University was finally retained, but only the traditional strong points of mechanical and electrical systems, as well as the newly built major of shipbuilding, remained.
At that time, Qian Xuesen, who came from Shanghai Jiaotong University, wrote to the president of Xian Jiaotong University: My highest hope is to visit the new site of my alma mater in Xian next year. That is to say, in his mind, his alma mater has moved to Xian .
It can be said that in those days, the name Jiaotong University was equivalent to Xian Jiaotong University for most people.
Xian, relying on blood transfusion in the east, has a luxurious lineup and formed a dream team of colleges and universities. However, the development of these star universities in Xian is somewhat limited.
Universities, especially good ones, are luxury goods, and money is not enough to really maintain them. Although Xian is the leading city in the northwest, compared with the developed cities in the east, the bottom of the family is not so thick.
Take Lanzhou, a neighbor of Xian, for example. Lanzhou University is the only 211 or 985 in Gansu Province, which should be a favorite of the whole province.
The reason is simple. The money is not in place. Professors would rather jump to a non-211 University in Hangzhou than stay there.
The same is true of colleges and universities in Xian. For example, Xian Jiaotong University, which was the peak of its career, took the lead of its Shanghai brothers in an all-round way and enjoyed a very beautiful scenery. But now the name of Jiaotong University has been taken away by Shanghai Jiaotong University for the second time.
June 12, 2019, Xian, Science and Technology Innovation Port in Western China
Xian Jiaotong Universitys First-Level Discipline of business administration was ranked first in the third round of discipline evaluation in 2012, when the same major was ranked fifth. Four years later, the major of Xian Jiaotong University got only A grade in subject evaluation, while Shanghai Jiaotong University turned into A+.
On February 10, 2011, when Li Liansheng, a professor of academic fraud at Xian Jiaotong University, was mentioned, Chen Yongjiang, a retired professor at Xian Jiaotong University, appeared to have a headache. Due to serious academic misconduct, the Ministry of Science and Technology has publicly revoked Li Lianshengs previous national science and technology awards.
Not only teachers but also students cant be left behind.
According to the situation of two 985 graduates in Xian, only 37.6% of the graduates of Xian Jiaotong University chose to stay in Shaanxi in 2018. Among undergraduate and master graduates, the proportion of people going to work in the eastern region is higher than that in the western region .
The brain drain from Northwest Polytechnic University, another 985 university, is even worse. Although Xian is still the preferred city for graduates, the proportion is only about 30%.
You know, Xian is the central city in the Northwest region, and there are no competitors around it. By contrast, 42% of the undergraduates from China University of Science and Technology, which belongs to C9, remain in Anhui even though it is next to Shanghai. Shandong University is not far from Beijing, but nearly half of the graduates choose to stay in Shandong.
The Tang Changan City in Changan Twelve Hours brings together scholars from all walks of life. Today, Xian is still crowded with students from all walks of life. When they graduate and leave, they may find that they already have Changan Complex in their hearts.
In April 2015, at the graduation ceremony of Northwest Polytechnic University, the graduates of Mechanical and Electrical College were speaking. Graduates have different plans for the future. Some decide to stay in Xian, while others decide to go out and work hard.
However, when HR tells them that they dont know your school well, they may regret that they didnt choose the right city for their university and that nobody else knows their 211 diploma. Source: Author of Netease Wave Studio: Tunan Responsible Editor: Zhang Tianqi_NBJ10342
However, when HR tells them that they dont know your school well, they may regret that they didnt choose the right city for their university and that nobody else knows their 211 diploma.