Economic data were released in the first half of this year. Among the top 100 cities in China, Zunyi, Guizhou, ranked first among the top 100 cities with GDP growth rate of 9.3%.
Firstly, according to the data of recent years, Zunyi has been the top growth rate in this list since 2015. From 2015 to 2018, its GDP growth rate is 13.2%, 12.4%, 12.1% and 10.4% respectively, and it has rarely maintained double-digit growth for many years in the top 100 cities of GDP.
So what is driving the rapid growth of Zunyis economy?
Maotai Manufactures Zunyi Speed
Zunyi is located in the junction of Sichuan, Guizhou and Chongqing, and is famous for the Zunyi Conference. Although Zunyi is the second largest city in Guizhou Province in terms of total economic output, its weight is not conspicuous in Chinas economic territory and has not been paid much attention to. However, such a unknown city has created miracles of growth in recent years.
According to the data of Zunyi in the first half of this year, the added value of the primary industry in this city was 18.262 billion yuan, an increase of 5.3%; the added value of the secondary industry was 70.572 billion yuan, an increase of 10.9%; and the added value of the tertiary industry was 58.725 billion yuan, an increase of 8.5%. It can be seen that the secondary industry is the main growth force of Zunyis economy.
The pillar industries in Zunyi are mainly cigarettes, alcohol and coal. According to the statistical bulletin of national economic and social development of the city in 2018, among the industries above the scale, coal mining and washing industry, power, thermal production and supply industry, tobacco products industry, wine, beverage and refined tea manufacturing industry accounted for 81.1% of the added value of the industries above the scale.
Among them, the added value of wine manufacturing industry accounted for 68.9%, cigarette manufacturing industry accounted for 4.7%, electricity, thermal production and supply industry accounted for 4.3%.
In the first half of this year, Zunyis wine, beverage and refined tea manufacturing industry grew by 12.3%. From the proportion and growth rate of industry, liquor plays a key role in Zunyis economy. Compared with the data of the first quarter, the pulling effect of liquor is more obvious.
In the first quarter of this year, the growth rate of Zunyis main economic indicators fell to varying degrees. GDP grew by 8.2% in the first quarter compared with the same period last year, and the growth rate fell by 3.3 percentage points compared with the same period last year. Its industrial added value above the scale increased by 9.9% year on year, and the growth rate fell by 3.2 percentage points compared with the same period last year.
What causes Zunyi to slow down in the first quarter? Statistics show that in the first quarter, Zunyi liquor manufacturing industry grew by 8% year-on-year, and the growth rate fell by 20.2 percentage points year-on-year. In the second quarter, the liquor industry resumed its growth, making the liquor, beverage and refined tea manufacturing industry grow by 12.3% in the first half of the year, and its industry rebounded significantly.
With the liquor industry entering a new cycle of prosperity, Maotais revenue has soared in recent years. From 2015 to 2018, the operating income of Maotai Group was 41.912 billion yuan, 50.2 billion yuan, 76.4 billion yuan and 85.9 billion yuan, respectively. In 2017, the growth rate exceeded 50%. In 2019, Maotai Group aims to achieve a revenue of 100 billion yuan.
In keeping with the growth of Maotais revenue, Zunyis economic growth has soared in recent years. Its GDP growth rate from 2015 to 2018 is 13.2%, 12.4%, 12.1% and 10.4%, respectively.
Firstly, from 2015 to 2018, Zunyis GDP was 216.834 billion yuan, 240.394 billion yuan, 27.48.59 billion yuan and 30.023 billion yuan, respectively. Before 2015, the total GDP of Zunyi was still 100 cities in the country. After the first time in 2015, it rose rapidly. From 2015 to 2018, the top 100 cities in GDP ranked 98, 88, 82 and 78 respectively, exceeding 20 in four years.
Comparatively speaking, the tobacco industry in Zunyi has maintained a low-speed and steady growth trend in recent years, with growth rates of - 3.4% and 6.8% in 2017 and 2018 respectively, while coal mining has declined significantly, with growth rates of - 26.4% and - 26.8% in 2017 and 2018 respectively. It can be said that the liquor industry represented by Maotai Group has played an important role in promoting the rapid development of Zunyi economy in recent years.
For example, Zunyi Statistical Bureau, after analyzing the economic operation in the first three quarters of 2018, said that under the strong impetus of liquor-making enterprises represented by Maotai Group, the liquor-making industry in the whole city realized an industrial added value of 61.862 billion yuan, an increase of 20.9%, 9.8 percentage points higher than the growth rate of all scale industries, and 9.3 percentage points higher than that of all scale industries. The contribution rate was 84%.
These cities thrive on wine
Liquor is prosperous and city is prosperous. Similar to Zunyi is Yibin in Sichuan, the city where Wuliangye is the same name as Maotai. These two adjacent cities have shown great pulling power of liquor.
In the first half of this year, Yibins GDP reached 104.514 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5%, ranking first in Sichuan Province. Among them, the value added of industries above scale increased by 10.9%, and the growth rate was the first in the province. Firstly, according to the statistical yearbook of Yibin 2018, liquor industry accounts for about 33% of Yibins total industrial output value.
According to the Statistics Bureau of Yibin City, in the first half of the year, the value added of industries with traditional characteristics increased by 10%, accounting for more than 80% of the value added of industries. Among them, liquor industry grew by 10.3%, machinery by 18.3%, textile industry by 17.4% and electricity by 12.3%.
Yibins growth rate ranked first in the province last year. In 2018, Yibins GDP growth rate was 9.2%, ranking the second in the province, and its industrial added value growth rate was 11.3%, ranking the second in the province. Likewise, in terms of the proportion and growth rate of industry, liquor plays an important role in promoting Yibins growth.
Suqian, the third largest city in the liquor industry in Yanghe, ranks second in Jiangsu Province, although the total amount of Suqian is the lowest among prefecture-level cities in Jiangsu Province. Yanghe is the only enterprise in Suqians food and beverage industry with sales revenue exceeding 10 billion yuan, and most of the subsequent enterprises are below 1 billion yuan.
Suqian regards this industry as the key development direction. On March 18, 2019, Suqian announced the Opinions on the Implementation of Supporting the Accelerated Development of Food and Beverage Industry and proposed that through three yearsefforts, the citys food and beverage industry will break through 100 billion by the end of 2021.
Luliang, the city where Fenjiu is competing with Maotai for national liquor, has always been famous for its coal industry. Now the liquor industry is regarded as the direction of transformation, and the black to white (coal to liquor) is proposed. From the economic data, its non-coal industry has gradually become an important leading force in industrial economic growth.
In the first half of this year, the proportion of five industries with industrial added value of more than 5% in Luliang was 87.9% in the whole city, which stimulated the growth rate of industrial added value of the whole city by 1.2 percentage points. Among them, liquor and beverage manufacturing industry, non-ferrous metal smelting and calendering industry and coking industry respectively stimulated the growth of industrial added value above the citys scale by 0.9, 0.7 and 0.3 percentage points; coal mining and washing industry, ferrous metal smelting and calendering industry affected the growth rate of industrial added value by 0.3 and 0.4 hundred respectively. Equinox.
Contrary to Lu Liang and Suqian, Zunyi and Yibin are striving to reduce alcohol consumption.
When analyzing the economic situation in the first half of 2018, Zunyi Statistical Bureau pointed out that its industrial growth relied excessively on liquor and cigarettes, especially Maotai Group, which had a significant and rapid growth rate. If Maotai Group and Zunyi Cigarettes were excluded, the contribution rate of other industries to the whole city would be only 14.8%, and the growth rate of large-scale industries would be 1.9. Percentage point.
Yibin proposed to vigorously implement the double-wheel drive strategy of industrial development, while continuing to do excellent liquor and other traditional industries, to promote the large-scale and clustering of emerging industries such as intelligent terminals, rail transit and so on. In the first half of this year, the industrial added value of the eight high-end growth industries in Yibin increased by 22.3%, which was higher than the 11.4 percentage point growth rate of the industrial added value in Yibin, and contributed 35.8% to the industrial growth in Yibin.
Source: First Financial Responsibility Editor: Zhang Xianchao_NN9310