According to the New York Times on the 10th, the Russian government closed a large area of the White Sea adjacent to the shooting range after a rocket engine explosion at the Naval Range of Nyonoksa near North Devinsk, Alhangersk, Russia, on the 8th, and banned ships from passing within the next 30 days.
Launch of Russian Swift Nuclear Cruise Missile
Media reports on Inhabitants taking iodine tablets for radiation protection
Meanwhile, residents in North Devinsk began snapping up iodine tablets and iodine-containing solutions in pharmacies, making them almost sold out, Reuters reported on Wednesday.
Data show that the main components of iodine tablets and iodine-containing solutions are potassium iodide (KI). After taking potassium iodide, iodine-127, which is not radioactive, enters the human body, saturating the thyroid gland, thus reducing the absorption of iodine-131, an artificial fission product, by the thyroid gland. Iodine-131 is radioactive, and once ingested by the human body, it accumulates in the thyroid gland, causing cancer or other diseases.
However, iodine tablets or iodine-containing solutions not only need to be taken within 4 hours when the human body is exposed to ionizing iodine radiation, but also can not prevent the ionizing radiation of iodine-131 isotopes or other elements. In addition, taking iodine tablets or iodine-containing solutions without instructions can cause hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism).
It is reported that iodine tablets are not only used to prevent ionizing radiation of iodine-131 in Russia, but also widely used in the United States. Not only are iodine tablets available in national or local government agencies near nuclear reactors to prevent radiation, but also millions of iodine tablets are stored in some government agencies far away from nuclear facilities to prevent nuclear disasters.
According to the Russian Ministry of Defense quoted by Tass News Agency on the 8th, there are no harmful emissions in the atmosphere of North Devinsk, Alhangarsk, and the radiation dose is normal. On the 9th, the Russian government again said that it had sent a team of experts to sample the soil, water and air in the area near North Devinsk. No increase in radiation dose was detected. According to the Daily Express of Britain, rescue workers who came to the scene after the accident were wearing protective clothing that could withstand nuclear radiation.
The statement by the Russian Ministry of Defense and the chemical suits worn by rescue forces seem to contradict not only the current iodine tablets taken by local residents, but also a deleted announcement by the local government. The city government of North Devinsk has measured local radiation doses within half an hour of the accident and issued a statement on its website, the Guardian reported Wednesday. Shortly afterwards, the North Devinsk Municipal Government deleted the statement, saying that the Russian Ministry of Defense was dealing with the matter.
Due to the use of nuclear power, Swift missile range is almost unlimited
Accidents or related to nuclear-powered cruise missile projects
According to Tass News Agency reported on the 11th, as of the 11th, five experts were killed and six representatives of the Russian Ministry of Defense and weapons manufacturing companies were injured. The five victims will be awarded medals of honor by the Russian government.
According to the Russian Satellite News Agency on the 10th, the Russian State Nuclear Corporation (Rosatom) issued a statement saying that five of the deceased employees of the company and three of the wounded employees of the company were injured by multiple burns. The company pointed out that the accident occurred during the commissioning of a radioactive isotope power source for a liquid rocket engine.
According to the Guardian, the liquid rocket engine tested in the accident may be the 9M730 Burevestnik nuclear-powered cruise missile mentioned by Russian President Vladimir Putin in a speech last year. The cruise missile is one of the six new strategic weapons announced by Putin on March 1, 2018.
Due to the use of nuclear power, the range of 9M370 Haiyan cruise missile is almost unlimited. Haiyan is launched from air or offshore platforms and can penetrate at low altitude. In view of its unpredictable trajectory, Haiyan can also break through any existing anti-missile defense system. The 9M370 Haiyan nuclear-powered cruise missile was successfully launched in January 2019.
In addition to the Haiyan nuclear-powered cruise missile, Russia is developing the Poseidon nuclear-powered unmanned submarine may also be the protagonist of the explosion. Poseidon uses a small nuclear power plant and has a voyage of more than 10,000 kilometers. The US Aviation Weekly previously reported that the torpedo carried by Poseidon could carry a nuclear warhead containing cobalt-60, which was highly radioactive and could seriously damage the cell tissues in human blood and cause diseases.
It is also possible to test thermonuclear engines for extended range zircon missiles.
If the accident has nothing to do with the above two kinds of equipment, it may also be related to the 3M22 zircon supersonic anti-ship missile.
According to the Daily Mail of Britain on the 9th, unknown sources revealed that the shooting range or zircon supersonic anti-ship cruise missile test site. Zircon is the latest supersonic missile of the Russian Army. Putin has previously said that it has served in the Russian Navy and will be fully operational on two Kirov-class nuclear missile cruisers by 2020.
The zircon supersonic anti-ship cruise missile is propelled by a liquid fuel-driven scramjet with a range of only about 1000 kilometers, although the maximum speed can reach Mach 9 per hour. This means that if the Kirov-class nuclear missile cruiser uses zircon to attack its imaginary enemy, the U.S. carrier fleet, it will also be within the range of the U.S. carrier-based F-35 stealth fighter, which is vulnerable to attack.
Therefore, the Russian Navy may continue to improve the power system of the zircon supersonic anti-ship cruise missile to increase its range. At present, there are two ways to extend the range of zircon missile. One is to replace a larger and more powerful liquid fuel engine for zircon missile. However, according to the current technical limitations, even if the engine is replaced, the upgraded zircon missile will not be able to be replaced by Kilo in a short time because of its large size. The cruiser of the F-class nuclear missile is carried.
As for the second way of extending range, it is to install thermonuclear engines for zircon missiles. After the missile is launched, the thermonuclear engine can provide the zircon missile with sustained flight power, increase the range, so that it can be closer to the farther target. In the final stage of the attack, the zircon missile can be switched to a scramjet and hit the target at high speed.
The use of nuclear power engines in missiles or rockets was not the first initiative of Russia. As early as 1965, the Soviet Union launched a project called RD-0410, which is related to rocket nuclear power engines. The United States and Britain also tested nuclear power engines for space missions rockets in the same period.
Source: Peng Mei News Responsible Editor: Li Zaixing_NBJS9026