Who invented the word robot? Actually, it originated from Czech drama in 1921.

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 Who invented the word robot? Actually, it originated from Czech drama in 1921.


Picture: Robot scenes in 1921 Czech drama

[Netease Intelligence News, August 13] In 1920, Karelapek, a Czech writer, wrote the script R.U.R., a warning story about the possibility that technology could dehumanize people. Among them, R.U.R. is the abbreviation of Rossums Universal Robots, which introduced the word robot into the modern world.

John Jordan, author of Robots, explored the continuing impact of R.U.R. at the MIT Press ReadersMeeting. He wrote: Like many of his peers, the massacres caused by mechanical and chemical weapons that shocked Chapek marked a very different world war from previous wars. He also expressed deep doubts about the utopian concept of science and technology. After the screenplay premiered, Capek lamented: The product of the human brain has escaped the control of the human hand, this is a scientific comedy.

Danny went on to write: In the same interview, Chapek revealed the origin of a character in the play. He said:Old inventor Russell, whose name is translated into Mr. Knowledge or Mr. Brain, is a typical representative of scientific materialism in the 19th century. His desire to create man-made human beings was inspired by a foolish and stubborn desire to prove that God was unnecessary and absurd from a chemical and biological point of view, rather than a mechanical point of view. Young Russell is a modern scientist, free from metaphysical thinking. Scientific experiments are the ultimate way for him to embark on industrial production. His concern is not to prove the concept, but to make it.

In view of this, R.U.R., which helped the word robot to be born, is actually a critique of mechanization and its dehumanizing ways. The word itself comes from the Czech word robota, which means forced labor by serfs. Its Slavic root rab means slave. The term robots originally defined humanoid robots more accurately because they were neither metal nor mechanical products. (Selected from: Boing Boing Author: John M. Jordan Compiler: Netease Intelligent Participation: Small)

Source: Netease Intelligent Responsible Editor: Ding Guangsheng_NT1941