However, it may not be so easy to find loneliness in the Himalayas, meditate on alpine walking, and carry out a spiritual renaissance. The convenience of mass transit and the improvement of hardware facilities have made Himalaya a more popular tourist presence. The numerous competitions have also brought climbers closer to the abyss of death.
Everest: The Temptation of Death
The Himalayas, especially Mount Qomolangma, have been increasingly regarded as a gym and racetrack in the past two decades since 1953, when humans succeeded in climbing the highest peak on the planet. On the one hand, the sense of acquisition and achievement in conquering the first peak has attracted a steady stream of climbers. On the other hand, the seemingly more and more easy climbing of Mount Qomolangma has caused casualties to climb steadily.
Since 1922, when climbers first died on Mount Everest, more than 200 climbers have died, and most of their bodies have been buried under glaciers or snow.
During the Mount Everest climbing season in May, crowds of climbers were trapped in the dead zone on the top of the mountain, and the lack of additional oxygen supply continued to increase their personal safety. The Everest blockage caused by overcrowding on the Nepalese side increased the death toll to 11 in 2019.
Increasingly, the problem of Everest is attributed to the profitability of Kathmandus cheap exploration companies over the past five to ten years: many inexperienced climbers have been allowed to climb because Nepalese authorities have no restrictions on the number of climbers. The cognitive problem behind it is that many people regard Mt. Everest as the ultimate challenge, but the experience level of people trying to climb mountains and companies providing services is generally low.
Climbing Mount Everest has a very complex logistical problem. UIAA of the International Mountaineering Federation believes that the key issues to be solved are access management, climber experience, training and self-responsibility.
In early August, at the Fifth International Mountaineering Festival of Four Girls Mountain, the cause of death of most people who climb Mount Everest is actually lack of oxygen. Dawa Sherpa, a Sherpa guide from Nepal, explained to economic reporters in the 21st century that climbing skills can be trained, but if there is no way to get oxygen supply, Sherpas consume much less oxygen, such as I was born at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, and are better able to adapt to the environment of the plateau.
There are about 5,000 Sherpa guides in Kathmandu, but far fewer have international licensing qualifications. Dawa Sherpa, who speaks English, said his next plan this year was to learn Chinese. He said he did not know the exact number of Chinese climbers, but he did say that in recent years, the number of climbers has increased and the age has widened. Last year, one of my guests, a 60-year-old Chinese, climbed Mount Everest.
The guides impression is probably in line with the actual situation. After all, it takes money and leisure to climb Mount Everest. According to China Outdoor Goods Market Report 2018, the top two age groups in the age distribution of hikers are 31-40 years old (40%) and 41-60 years old (31%). The group of participants directly observed at the opening ceremony of the Siniangshan Mountaineering Festival also basically conforms to the user portraits of the climbers mentioned above: few young people, and the most people roughly judge 40 years old or so.
Mountaineering: A New Favorite of the Middle Class
Marathon is a popular sporting event among the middle class in China in recent years. It is also ridiculed as the square dance of the middle class on the social network. Next, will outdoor, mountain climbing and hiking become the next square dance of the middle class?
According to international experience, when the per capita GDP of a country or region enters the stage of 3000-5000 US dollars, the life style of residents will show the characteristics of leisure. The main manifestation is consumption de-materialization, that is, peoples traditional consumption demand for material products begins to decline, while the consumption demand for spiritual products begins to decline. Gradually rising.
In 2018, Chinas GDP per capita reached $10,000. According to the correlation between GDP per capita and outdoor sports, when GDP per capita exceeded $6,000, outdoor sports such as hiking and mountain climbing became popular.
Xiaowu, a special soldier who is now the anchor in Tigers teeth, told 21st century economic reporters that in the outdoor circle, the atmosphere of competition is very strong. This group may also be a face-saving type of people, people with insufficient abilities and easy to support, often have the most accidents. Friends around me began to exercise, run marathons, do outdoor hiking, I also think I have to do, to participate. But without a period of exercise and training, you are prone to accidents or injuries.
According to the data of China Mountaineering Association in the past five years, outdoor accidents are increasing year by year, and mountaineering accidents account for the highest proportion. According to the latest years data, incomplete statistics show that 348 accidents occurred in 2018, including 115 injuries, 123 injuries; 40 deaths, 45 deaths; 4 missing accidents and 4 missing persons. Compared with 2017, the accidents in 2018 showed an overall growth trend, but the number of missing persons and the number of missing persons decreased.
In addition to the immaturity of the supply side, the lack of experience and self-awareness of outdoor participants is a major cause of the accident.
In addition to following the wind and comparing sports equipment, there are also a group of people who are usually very good at the gym, muscle training is very good, but he is not necessarily suitable for outdoor. Xiaowu said that exercise in the gym may focus more on shaping, but outdoors pay more attention to the overall improvement of cardiopulmonary function, core function, it exercises the overall coordination of the body, eating and drinking in nature and muscle training in the gym is quite different. To play outdoors, my advice is to make decisions based on your own experience. Dont trust others.
In his opening speech, Doug Scott also talked about his experience. I visited Mount Everest twice in 1972 and drafted Nepals first general tourism plan and more information on high-altitude tourism. Despite the lack of facilities that we all take for granted, I was still shocked by the hospitality and daily life of people.
But my recent personal experience in Mt. Everest is that there are a lot of hikers along the trail, and if you dont wait patiently, its hard to take pictures without other hikers in the mirror. Once friendly teahouses and cottages are like fast food restaurants. Owners seem to want visitors in and out as soon as possible.
At the same time, the experienced climber and manager questioned: This year, none of the 11 people died as a direct result of changes in mountain weather or conditions. Without storms or earthquakes, all deaths are related to overcrowding or an increasing number of high-altitude tourists who have little or no experience of climbing mountains.
How to reverse this situation and bring back the most beautiful and striking mountain landscape on the planet to a place that will not be flooded by a large number of tourists and will not be so disappointed by tourists is probably the dilemma that every snow mountain needs to face.
Source: Responsible Editor of Economic Reporting in the 21st Century: Wang Xiaowu_NF