In September this year, the first batch of school-age children born after the New Deal began to enter the kindergartens.
According to a research report of the Institute of Educational Policy of Southwest University in 2016, the demand for preschool education resources will increase dramatically from 2019. In the stage of preschool education in 2019, nearly 6 million children of suitable age will be added due to the comprehensive two-child policy, and about 11 million will be added in 2020. The new school-age population will reach a peak of about 15 million in 2021. It is estimated that in 2021, there will be nearly 110,000 kindergartens and more than 3 million kindergarten teachers and nurses.
Demand has brought about supply-side reforms.
In November 2018, the State Council of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China promulgated Several Opinions on Deepening the Reform and Normative Development of Preschool Education. It is clear that by 2020, the gross enrollment rate of kindergartens in the first three years of school will reach 85%, and the coverage rate of inclusive kindergartens (the proportion of children in public and private kindergartens) will reach 80%. For the sky-high price private parks, Opinions also pointed out that resolutely curb excessive profit-seeking behavior.
My brother never bothered to go to kindergarten, but my sister hurt herself when she went to kindergarten.
Since last year, she has been looking for kindergartens for her daughter. I went to two public kindergartens near my home, and basically registered for one out of five or six kindergartens. How low did you say it was? Liu Meimei was a little desperate after she had inquired about the news.
When my brother went to kindergarten, the gap between private and public was not big. 200 yuan a month was enough to go to a better kindergarten. Liu Meimei and his wife opened a barber shop in the town, earning 2 to 300,000 yuan a year, which is on the middle of the local income. Even so, she still feels tremendous pressure. You see, my sister goes to school 30,000 a year, plus some interest classes, my brother goes to college 50,000 a year, plus 7,788 plus 100,000. One years income is half that.
Compared with private parks, public parks are much cheaper. Liu Meimei calculates that one years tuition fee for private parks is enough to graduate from public parks.
At that time, I was going to wait until May and June, when the public park began to sign up, then I went to the public park to sign up. Because of the degree shortage, almost all the public parks and public kindergartens in Chengdus major urban districts (inclusive kindergartens) begin to implement computer assignment (rocking number). In the year of equal and position grabbing, Liu Meimei and her friends who attended school at the same time became intelligence officers and exchanged whenever there was a degree news. Is there anything in common?
Although the rocking sign is random and has nothing to do with the morning or the evening, Liu Meimei always feels that if she is more active, she may be able to make her children receive more attention. At 8:00 a.m. on June 3, the filling system had just been opened. She hula-hula turned on the computer, filled in the information, submitted it, and got the first few places to confirm the success of the information. June 11 was the day of queuing for the leading number, and when she arrived at kindergarten at 9 a.m., there was a long queue ahead.
There are too many applicants. They waited for more than two hours before they got the running number. Liu Meimei went through the formalities and looked back. Behind her were the crowds.
Early in the morning, greedy in the dark, more than a week later, the result of the roll call was announced, Liu Meimeis children still failed to win the lottery.
Exploring the Solution to the Difficulty of Entering the Garden: Offering Inclusive Classes and Purchasing Degrees
Liu Meimei is not the only one who is anxious about childrens admission to kindergartens. The surging news can be seen on the local Leadersmessage board of Renmin. com. In June and July, when kindergartens register, the difficulty of entering kindergartens has become one of the most reflected problems.
Haidian Island residents in Meilan District, Haikou, said their children were about to enter the kindergarten in September. Four kindergartens around the public kindergartens even reached 10:1. The children registered for four kindergartens, but none of them succeeded.
Locals have to study the length of residence before they enter the public park, which makes it more difficult for migrant workers to enter the public park. Some people left a message saying that after four years in Beijing, the work was stable, but there was no registered permanent residence and no real estate. Public and inclusive kindergarten enrollment policies around the city generally only recruited children with registered permanent residence and real estate, which was particularly worrying.
In response to public messages, some local leaders also said that it is expensive and difficult to enter a garden is indeed a big problem.
For example, the Education Committee of Xicheng District in Beijing, after a message reflecting the difficulty of entering the park, said that preschool education is a non-compulsory education led by the government and jointly participated by social forces. At present, private parks, private parks, committees, Street parks and educational committees are facing the difficulty of degree insufficiency, which can not meet the needs of all children.
There are parents who cant stand it. Instead of rushing to the position, they should strive for universal benefits for their children earlier. Li Lan Dabao, who lives in Beijing, is 6 years old and Erbao is nearly 4 years old. Three years ago, after some setbacks in Dabaos kindergarten, she felt that it was a big problem for her children to enter the kindergarten. In 2017, she and other community owners found the District Educational Commission, hoping to transform the communitys supporting garden into an inclusive one.
For Erbao to go to kindergarten, we hope the Education Committee can provide some help. She told Pengchan News that the first idea at that time was to hope that the Education Commission would build a new kindergarten, because the site problem had to be stopped. Later, parents put forward a new plan to transform the community supporting garden into GSP park, but because the garden contract did not expire, it could not be carried out.
After the last few discussions, we decided to start with the inclusive classes in kindergartens and gradually transit to the inclusive classes. Li Lan said that after striving with the education authorities, starting from the first session in 2017, this supporting Park in the community will set aside a certain number of inclusive classes according to the number of registered students, and solve the problem of most children entering the park nearby.
The price of inclusive classes is not expensive, very good, in addition to the supporting kindergartens, the education committee will help other private kindergartens to buy degrees for children. Li Lan told Peng Mei News that Erbao was very lucky this year. He named Erbao on June 1st and notified that he could enter the park that month.
Over 100,000 kindergartens have been added in eight years, and the gross enrollment rate will reach 85% next year.
In 2010, the State Council in Some Opinions on the Current Development of Preschool Education pointed out that the development of preschool education should be placed in a more important position and resources of preschool education should be expanded in various forms. Among them, it is clearly demanded that to develop preschool education, we must adhere to public welfare and inclusiveness, actively support the development of private kindergartens, especially those for the general public, with low fees, and encourage social forces to organize kindergartens in various forms.
According to the statistics bulletin of educational development, preschool education developed rapidly in 2010. Number of kindergartens, children in kindergartens, kindergarten principals and teachers increased. The gross enrollment rate of preschool education has been greatly improved. There are 154,400 kindergartens nationwide, an increase of 12,200 over the previous year. By 2018, compared with eight years ago, the number of kindergartens had increased by more than 100,000 to 266,700, and the gross enrollment rate of preschool education reached 81.7%.
But the gap is still huge, especially the lack of teachers. During the two sessions in 2017, Chen Baosheng, Minister of Education, said that he would use the power of floods and famines to solve the problem of admission to gardens. It is expected that by the end of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the admission rate will reach 85%.
At the end of 2018, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council again focused on preschool education, and issued a number of suggestions on deepening the reform and standardization of preschool education. It is clear that by 2020, the gross enrollment rate of kindergartens in the first three years of school will reach 85%, and the coverage rate of inclusive kindergartens (the proportion of children in public and private kindergartens) will reach 80%. For the sky-high price private parks, Opinions also pointed out that resolutely curb excessive profit-seeking behavior, emphasizing that private parks are not allowed to be listed alone or as part of the assets packaged. Listed companies shall not invest in for-profit kindergartens through stock market financing, nor purchase assets of for-profit kindergartens by issuing shares or paying cash.
After the issuance of opinions, preliminary results have been achieved. In April this year, Lu Yugang, Director of the Basic Education Department of the Ministry of Education, said that the Party committees and governments of all provinces (districts and municipalities) should, in accordance with the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, study and formulate suggestions for the implementation of the Several Opinions and the work programme for the management of supporting kindergartens in urban districts, so as to promote the universal, inclusive, safe and
For example, Beijing expands the supply of inclusive resources by building and expanding kindergartens, supporting state-owned enterprises and public institutions and street-based gardens, renting instead of building. In 2018, more than 30,000 pre-school degrees will be added, and in 2019, another 30,000 will be added.
Tianjin plans to build 150 kindergartens and 40,000 new degrees in 2019. Hebei proposes to achieve universal coverage of preschool education in administrative villages by 2020, with at least one public Central Park in each township and at least one standardized public park in each village with a permanent population of over 3000.
From 2018 to 2020, more than 2,000 kindergartens were built in Shandong, and more than 500,000 degrees were added. Henan plans to build and expand 1,000 kindergartens and 100,000 new degrees in 2019.
In order to encourage inclusive kindergartens, Feng Hongrong, deputy inspector of the Beijing Municipal Education Commission, said at the press conference of the Ministry of Education in April this year that all inclusive kindergartens, whether public or private, provided they provide safe and quality education, will be included in the scope of studentsper capita quota subsidy, one-time degree expansion subsidy and rent subsidy. And a one-time reward will be given to those who change from non-inclusive private kindergartens to inclusive private kindergartens. In 2018, the proportion of pre-school education funds in Beijings financial education funds increased from 3% to 10%.
At the recent news conference of the Ministry of Education, Peng Mei learned that the proportion of Beijings pre-school education expenditure is expected to increase to 14% by 2020.
Ma Navy, deputy director of Chengdu Education Bureau, also told the storming news after the meeting: The total number of kindergartens in Chengdu is not a big problem, but now it is difficult to go to a good kindergarten with good quality and low price. In addition, due to some historical reasons, such as the planned kindergartens should not be built, resulting in partial unbalanced preschool education resources, these phenomena are being corrected.
He said that Chengdu will take a series of measures to supply preschool education resources. In the last three years, more than 270 kindergartens will be built in the central city, and 1,000 kindergartens will be built by 2035, with about 300,000 degrees added.