According to the data of the Ministry of Finance, from January to June, the total revenue of the national general public budget was 10784.6 billion yuan, an increase of 3.4% over the same period last year. Among them, local general public budget revenue at the corresponding level was 562.57 billion yuan, an increase of 3.3% over the same period last year.
By sorting out the data of 28 provincesfiscal revenue from the Sino-Singapore longitude and latitude clients, it is found that compared with the national local fiscal revenue, the total size of general public budget revenue in Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Shandong and Beijing is about 2.75 trillion yuan, accounting for nearly half of the national local general public budget revenue. It has become a key area to support national fiscal revenue.
In the first half of this year, the local public budget revenue of Guangdong Province was 685.593 billion yuan, ranking first among 28 provinces. After Guangdong, the income of Jiangsu, Shanghai and Zhejiang all exceeded 400 billion yuan, ranking second, third and fourth respectively. Shandong and Beijing ranked fifth and sixth with 373.9 billion yuan and 317.09 billion yuan respectively.
In terms of growth rate, the growth rate of general public budget revenue in Shanxi, Hebei, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Guangxi, Henan and other 15 provinces is higher than the national average growth rate of 3.3%. Among them, the growth rate of general public budget revenue in Shanxi, Hebei, Zhejiang and other three provinces has broken 10%. Shanxi has the highest growth rate of 12.9%, while Hebei and Zhejiang have the highest growth rate of 12.7% and 10.3% respectively in the first half of the year.
In addition, the fiscal revenue of Chongqing, Guizhou, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Hainan, Beijing, Gansu and other seven provinces fell into negative growth, and the growth rate of general public budget revenue of the seven provinces mentioned above was negative.
Data map: Tax reduction and fee reduction. Sino-Singapore Jingwei Xiong Jiali Photography
Compared with the same period last year, in the first half of this year, the growth rate of fiscal revenue in many provinces declined. The main reason is the reduction of income brought about by large-scale tax and fee reduction.
From a national point of view, Liu Jinyun, director of the Treasury Centralized Payment Center of the Ministry of Finance, said that in the first half of this year, the operation of national fiscal revenue showed the characteristics of the effect of tax reduction and fee reduction continues to increase, and the related revenue declines or the growth rate falls back year on year. According to the data released by the Ministry of Finance, in the first half of the year, 117.09 billion yuan were added and reduced, of which 103.87 billion yuan were reduced.
Liu Jinyun pointed out that in the first half of the year, the domestic value-added tax increased by 5.9% compared with the same period last year, falling by 10.7 percentage points; the enterprise income tax increased by 5.3% compared with the same period last year, falling by 7.5 percentage points compared with the same period last year; the value-added tax and consumption tax of imported goods decreased by 2.7% compared with the same period last year; and the personal income tax decreased by 30.6% compared with the same period last year. The six taxes and two fees (including resource tax, real estate tax, etc.) of GSP tax reduction for micro-enterprises dropped by 0.2%.
From the local point of view, the growth of fiscal revenue and tax revenue in many provinces showed a downward trend. For example, the growth rate of general public budget revenue in Henan Province was 14.5% in the first half of last year, and it fell to 6.3% in the first half of this year. The growth rate of tax revenue dropped from 18% to 6.7%, and fell 11.3% year on year. The income growth rate of Shaanxi Province in the first half of last year was 12.25%, which dropped to 5.95% in the first half of this year. The growth rate of tax revenue dropped sharply from 26.09% to 4.14%. Shanxi Provinces income growth rate in the first half of last year was 25.4%, which dropped to 12.9% in the first half of this year, almost halfway down, of which the tax revenue growth rate dropped from 27.6% to 12.9%.
Even so, excluding tax cuts and other factors, the growth rate of government revenue and current GDP still basically match. The Treasury Office of the Fujian Provincial Finance Department said that in the first half of the year, under the background of implementing the tax reduction and fee reduction policy, the growth rate of fiscal revenue in Fujian Province had fallen back, but if the factors of tax reduction and fee reduction were eliminated, the growth rate of revenue basically matched the growth rate of current GDP and remained in a reasonable range as a whole. Liu Jinyun also pointed out that, on the whole, fiscal revenue in the first half of the year ran smoothly. If factors such as tax reduction were restored, the growth rate of national fiscal revenue basically matched the growth rate of current GDP price, and maintained in a reasonable range.
How to ensure the smooth operation of grass-roots finance?
Data map: Renminbi. Sino-Singapore Jingwei Xiong Jiali Photography
Under the background of large-scale tax reduction and fee reduction, the government revenue declined, but the rigid expenditure did not decrease, which made the contradiction between local fiscal revenue and expenditure increase.
In order to balance fiscal revenue and expenditure and ensure the smooth operation of grass-roots finance, the Ministry of Finance has proposed to reduce general expenditure vigorously. Hao Lei, deputy director of the Budget Department of the Ministry of Finance, said that local financial departments should be urged to further increase the reduction of general expenditure and strictly control the three public budget. At the same time, budget constraints should be hardened, additional budgetary matters should be strictly controlled, and policies to increase expenditure in the current year should not be introduced in principle.
Living tight has become the key word for provinces to reduce general expenditure. Shaanxi Province pointed out that the government should live a tight life instead of live a good life for enterprises. According to statistics, this year Shaanxi Province has reduced its general expenditure by 1.8 billion yuan, including 200 million yuan at the provincial level and 1.6 billion yuan at the municipal and county levels. The reduced funds will be used as a whole for the expenditure of the Three Guarantees and major livelihood projects.
Fujian Province indicated that it had fulfilled the tight day requirement. Departmental expenditure should be reduced by no less than 5%, of which the provincial three public budget has been reduced by 6.6%, with an estimated savings of 2.5 billion yuan. We should further reduce general expenditures such as conference fees, travel expenses and labor costs, strictly control the three official expenditures, make a good iron abacus and make good use of the governments pockets.
In addition, in order to compensate for local revenue reduction, the central government expedited the progress of transfer payments to local governments this year. Hao Lei said that in order to support the smooth operation of local finance, this years central budget arrangement for local transfer payments is the largest in recent years. On this basis, the central government expedited the progress of budget delivery. By June 13 (90 days after the NPC approved the budget), the transfer payment budget had been reduced to 92%, an increase of 2.6 percentage points over the same period last year. (Sino-Singapore longitude and latitude APP)
Source of this article: responsible editor of Sino-Singapore longitude and latitude: Zhang Mei_NF2100