This years final accounts publicly expanded the content of local government debt. For the first time, the governments expenditure on purchasing services was made public. The financial performance evaluation report increased from 4 to 6 in the previous year. In 2018, the final accounts of municipal three public funds allocation and expenditure amounted to 520 million yuan, which was 35.3% lower than the budget at the beginning of the year and 21.2% lower than that in 2017.
Beijing took the initiative to make public the final accounts of the government in 2018 and the budget performance in the first half of 2019. In 2018, the total revenue of the municipal general public budget was 559.05 billion yuan. Among the general public budget revenue, the highest value-added tax revenue was 99.86 billion yuan, and 102.9% of the adjusted budget was completed. In terms of expenditure, expenditure on education, transportation and science and technology has become the big head.
The largest expenditure was in education, transportation and science and technology.
In 2018, the total expenditure of municipal general public budget was 559.05 billion yuan, of which 326.55 billion yuan, an increase of 4.6%. In the specific direction of expenditure, education expenditure, transportation expenditure and science and technology expenditure are the largest, 38.12 billion yuan, 34.69 billion yuan and 31.18 billion yuan respectively.
By the end of 2018, 28 investment projects have been completed by Beijings top-notch fund, with an investment of more than 1.7 billion yuan. They are mainly distributed in the fields of biomedicine, big data, cloud computing, autonomous and controllable information system, artificial intelligence, new energy vehicles and so on. In the basic research part of science and technology expenditure, the number of subjects of key laboratories and related facilities increased by 30 million yuan, with the highest increase of 150%, mainly for space science and Frontier National Laboratory cultivation projects. In addition, expenditure on major scientific projects and special technological foundations increased by about 60% respectively. The expenditure on construction and development of Zhongguancun was 2288.56 million yuan, an increase of 31.7% over the budget.
Guarantee the preparation of the Winter Olympics and the construction of the Vice-Center and other major projects
In 2018, the expenditure of Beijing municipal government funds was 139,281.47 million yuan, and the special transfer payment was 78,153.33 million yuan. The report explains that the main reason for the big difference between the final accounts and the budget is to implement the work deployment of the Municipal Committee and the municipal government, to further promote the preparation of the Winter Olympic Games, and to increase the overall investment in ice and snow sports.
In 2018, municipal capital expenditure amounted to 627 million yuan, an increase of 7% over the budget at the beginning of the year. Among them, the expenditure on general public services in the general public budget is 4406.7 million yuan, which is more than 1.3 times higher than the budget at the beginning of the year. The report explains that the growth is mainly due to increased expenditure on the construction of administrative office areas in urban sub-centers. In the part of government funds, municipal capital expenditure in 2018 amounted to 297 million yuan, an increase of 16% over the budget, and the direction of capital use was mainly the construction expenditure of urban sub-centers.
State-owned Capital Operating Income Over Budget
In 2018, Beijings state-owned capital operating budget revenue was 5297.35 million yuan, which was 105.4% of the budget. Among them, the profit income of investment service enterprises is the highest, which is 149.15 million yuan and 115.6% of the budget.
Expenditure, the state-owned capital operating budget expenditure of 388.21 million yuan in 2018, mainly used to solve historical problems and reform, capital injection and other expenditures of state-owned enterprises.
The report also lists the benefits of the funds. Arrange 1.53 billion yuan to solve the problems left over from the history of municipal state-owned enterprises, support the separation and transfer of non-operational assets of municipal state-owned enterprises, and undertake the special task of consolidation and promotion.
The expenditure of the Three Public Officers has fallen by more than 30% compared with the budget.
In recent years, Beijing has been practicing strict economy and strict control over the operating funds of the organs. In 2018, the final accounts of municipal three public funds allocation and expenditure amounted to 520 million yuan, which was 35.3% lower than the budget at the beginning of the year and 21.2% lower than that in 2017.
Specifically, expenditure of 104.8 million yuan on overseas travel expenses was 31.2% lower than the budget at the beginning of the year. Expenditure on official reception fees was 13.85 million yuan, 62% lower than the budget of 22.65 million yuan at the beginning of the year. Expenditures on the purchase, operation and maintenance of official vehicles totaled 400 million yuan, a 34.8% decrease over the budget at the beginning of the year.
Strictly economizing and reducing general expenditure has become a trend. Influenced by the implementation of the tax reduction and fee reduction policy and the sharp decline in the carry-over income of the previous year, 2019 is considered to be the most tight year in Beijings financial resources in recent years. Not long ago, Beijing issued the Measures on Strengthening Expenditure Budget Management by Firmly Establishing the Thought ofTight Days. It proposed that on the basis of the reduction of 5% of basic expenditure at the beginning of the year, the proportion of general expenditure reduction in 2019 should not be less than 10%.
Open Schedule of Local Debt Expanded to 3
The reporter noticed that the appendix part of the public final accounts of Beijing in 2018 was increased from seven schedules last year to nine, and two new schedules were added, namely, the use of local government bonds in Beijing in 2018 and the issue and repayment of capital and interest of local government debt in Beijing in 2018.
Specifically, the two statements disclose for the first time the corresponding projects of new bond funds added by the Beijing Municipal Government in 2018, including the specific project name, implementation unit and bond size of the bonds used; at the same time, they disclose for the first time the situation of repayment of capital and interest of Beijing Municipal Government debt in 2018, and refine it to the amount of local government debt issued, repayment expenditure and payment. Interest expenditure, etc.
A spokesman for the Beijing Municipal Finance Bureau said that in the past, only one form of municipal government debt limit and balance final accounts was made public in the part of local debt. This expansion to three tables is to fulfill the requirement of the Ministry of Finance to disclose debt information. At the same time, adjustments were made according to the actual situation in Beijing to steadily promote the sunshine of government debt information. Foundation of transformation is conducive to better play the role of supervision of the public on government debt financing, and play a good role in preventing and resolving major risks.
It is understood that the Ministry of Finance has previously issued the Measures for the Disclosure of Local Government Debt Information, making a comprehensive deployment of the work for the disclosure of government debt information, further standardizing local government debt management according to law, enhancing the transparency of local government debt information, and strictly guarding against local government debt risks.
First Public Purchase Service Expenditure
Reporters noted that compared with last years 13 sets of main statements, this year 14 sets of main statements (including detailed tables) and text descriptions were made public to reflect the final accounts of the four budgets at the municipal level in 2018. A new set of statements is the Government Purchase Service Expenditure Statement. This is also the first time that Beijing has made public its expenditure on services purchased by the government.
The Expenditure Statement of Government Purchase Services contains six first-level catalogues of basic public services, social managerial services, supplementary services required by the government to perform its duties and 60 second-level catalogues of educational, medical, cultural and logistical services, reflecting the role of various departments in playing the market mechanism and purchasing services from social forces and institutions. Fee situation.
The spokesman said that promoting government purchasing services is an important measure to deepen the reform in an all-round way. This year, for the first time, the information on the final accounts of government purchases of services is published to further promote the budget management of government purchases of services, promote the transformation of government functions, play the role of market mechanism, and optimize the structure and mode of expenditure.
Performance evaluation focuses on expenditure policy
In the part of financial performance evaluation, the related reports increased from 4 to 6 in the previous year, and the performance evaluation was carried out for key expenditure and major policies, including preschool education, afforestation of one million mu, capacity building of motor vehicle law enforcement, support fund of scientific and technological service platform, subsidy of labor preparation training, quality evaluation of ready-mixed concrete, etc.
To carry out performance evaluation on major policies and key livelihood projects has realized the shift of evaluation focus from budget projects to expenditure policies. The spokesman said that policy is the root of project budget. By carrying out performance evaluation of expenditure policies, deep-seated problems can be found in the policy itself and in the implementation process. Policies and policies Time adjustment and improvement play an important role.
It is understood that on July 9 this year, the Beijing Municipal Government issued documents to make specific arrangements for the comprehensive budget performance management. It was proposed that by the end of 2020, the budgets of all levels of government in Beijing should be incorporated into the performance management to form a comprehensive budget performance management system, so as to realize the accountability for money, effectiveness and inefficiency.
New Beijing News reporter Jiang Huizi
Source: Han Yukun_NBJ11142, responsible editor of Beijing News