Underlying lines in the decryption of Chinas white paper on national defense: the atmosphere of actual combat is everywhere

 Underlying lines in the decryption of Chinas white paper on national defense: the atmosphere of actual combat is everywhere

After reading the full text, Shimadzu found that the content and style of the white paper were quite different from those of the previous nine times.

Why do you say that?

Because this book uses special Frank language, clearly expresses how China views the current world security situation and where Chinas security threats come from. It also introduces in detail our armys leadership and command system, national defense strength, and directly announces military expenditure from 2010 to 2017.

It can be said that this white paper not only shows our armys self-confidence and open attitude in the new era, but also reveals the ubiquitous atmosphere of actual combat, with a lot of points of view.


The report of the Nineteenth National Congress pointed out that after long-term efforts, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, which is a new historical orientation for Chinas development.

Similarly, Chinas national defense construction has entered a new era after years of efforts by national defense personnel.

For example, the White Paper proposed for the first time the construction of Chinas defensive national defense policy in the new era; for the first time, the Mission Mission of four strategic supports of the army in the new era was made public; and for the first time, the distinctive features of Chinas national defense were never hegemony, never expansion, never seeking sphere of influence.

How do Chinese officials view the current world security situation and the security threats they face?

In the opening part of the International Security Situation, the White Paper points out directly that the major unstable factors in the world are the adjustment of the US national strategy, the pursuit of unilateralism policy, the acceleration of enhancing capabilities in nuclear, space, network, missile defense and other fields, and the triggering of competition among major powers and arms race.

In the Asia-Pacific region around China, the situation has remained stable on the whole. However, the white paper also points out that what makes the Asia-Pacific region the focus of the big powersgame and brings uncertainty to regional security isu2014u2014

The United States has strengthened its military alliance in the Asia-Pacific region, intensified its military deployment and intervention, and deployed the Sad anti-missile system in South Korea, seriously undermining the regional strategic balance. Japan has adjusted its military security policy, increased investment, sought to break through the post-war system, and increased its military extroversion. Australia continues to consolidate its military alliance with the United States, strengthen its military participation in the Asia-Pacific region, and try to play a greater role in security matters.

Then, how does China view the risks and challenges facing its national security?

1. Anti-secession: The White Paper refers to the Taiwan independence separatist forces and their activities as the greatest realistic threat to peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait and the greatest obstacle to peaceful reunification of the motherland, directly naming the DPP authorities, saying that they stubbornly adhere to the position of secession, strengthen hostile confrontation, hold foreign self-respect, and go further and further along the road of secession. At the same time, the names of Tibetan independence and Eastern Turkistan abroad were also pointed out.

2. Homeland security: In addition to border delimitation, disputes over island territory and maritime delimitation, the White Paper specifically named frequent proximity reconnaissance of China by foreign warplanes in individual domains, multiple illegal intrusions into Chinas territorial waters and adjacent sea and airspace of related islands and reefs, endangering Chinas national security;

3. Referring specifically to Chinas overseas interests, China is facing threats such as terrorism and piracy. At the same time, in the field of non-traditional security, three major areas are pointed out: nuclear, space and cyberspace.

These are all remarkable statements. Only by recognizing where the threat comes from can we be targeted; only by looking at the future trend of security threats can we make an early layout.

In this regard, the White Paper proposes the mission and mission of the Peoples Army in the new era, which is called four strategic supports:

To provide strategic support for consolidating the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the socialist system, for safeguarding national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, for safeguarding the countrys overseas interests, and for promoting world peace and development.

The first three supports are easy to understand. Will the last promoting world peace and development be too empty?

In fact, its true. The times are different. China has become a world-recognized big country and must shoulder corresponding international responsibilities. Providing public security products to the international community, such as participation in United Nations peacekeeping operations, anti-piracy escorts, disaster relief and other humanitarian assistance, is a means to serve the worlds people and to realize the Community of Human Destiny.



As we all know, national defense costs a lot of money. In 2017, Chinas defense expenditure amounted to 104.237 billion yuan, accounting for 5.14% of the national financial expenditure.

The money comes from the sweat and blood of the people. Spending every penny well is the basic requirement of Chinas national defense construction. Therefore, in recent years, we have carried out military reforms, transformed the headquarters leadership mechanism, made the division of labor more detailed and clear, established a theatre system, flattened the command system, reduced redundancy and enriched the grass-roots forces.

This is based on the fact that Chinas current automated command and communication capabilities are absolutely at the top of the world. Therefore, on this basis, the command level can be reduced while the command efficiency can be doubled.

This white paper devotes a chapter to emphasizing that in the new era of military reform, not only the renewal of weapons and equipment and the reform of the command system, but also the rule of law. Corruption and corruption of all kinds are also severely punished.

For example, we should seriously investigate and deal with such serious cases as Guo Boxiong, Xu Caihou, Fang Fenghui and Zhangyang. Establish the contact point system of grass-roots atmosphere supervision, and rectify micro-corruption and unhealthy tendencies around officers and soldiers. Nowadays, the anti-corruption struggle in the army has won an overwhelming victory, and a good political ecology with clean air has basically taken shape.

You know, in 1979, defense expenditure accounted for 17.37% of the national financial expenditure; now, it has dropped to about 5%. Where on earth is the money spent?

Thats much more. For example, the white paper mentions our military equipment.

Type 15 tank, net name New Light Tank, but it is different from the traditional light Tank, which mainly carries out reconnaissance tasks. It belongs to lightweight main battle tank. It is difficult for traditional main battle tank to quickly pass through mountains, hills, plateau and so on. Type 15 tank has strong mobile combat capability.

Type 15 tanks are considered to be the future direction of Army armored firepower development

There are also 052D destroyers that are dumpling down. In fact, it has become a bit of a blockbuster because in the past two months, 10,000 tons of Destroyers have been put into service (the old article [the end]) China has just launched 10,000 tons of destroyers, why so strong? (HD map). Future aircraft carrier formation configuration, there is a lot of imagination space.

052D Main Configuration Illustration

Of course, there is Dongfeng-26. It is said to have a range of about 4,000 kilometers, covering a vast area from Guam to Diego Garcia. Netizens call it Guam Express. Foreign media pay more attention to the diversity of their combat tasks.

After all, while retaining its nuclear deterrence role as a nuclear weapon, DF-26 can also use conventional warheads for conventional operations. It has the ability to attack large and medium-sized surface ships such as aircraft carriers, and it must also have terminal guidance and precision strike capabilities, which means that it is likely to have more means of combat. Similarly, DF-26 uses maneuverable launching and no-support launching methods, and can follow suit, surprise, and directly carry out beheading operations against the enemy.

Dongfeng-26: The weapon of giving up without fighting

Some people will ask, is it a war to spend so much money and build such a powerful weapon?

The white paper points out that the Chinese cultural tradition of harmony is precious determines Chinas unswerving pursuit of defensive national defense policy. Defensive national defense, we savor the word.

So why is Chinas national defense determined to develop more powerful equipment and weapons?

Its not hard to understand. In vernacular terms, the most bullying masters in the world are usually bullying the soft and afraid of the hard. Only when you have prepared all kinds of things to take advantage of, let him know that the jackal wolf came with a shotgun, and know that he will not be grateful to come to find stubble and touch the porcelain, he must weigh before coming.

In academic terms, it is strategic deterrence and strategic balance. A strong enough armament is the most effective way to stop the war.


More interestingly, the white paper published a large number of charts and figures to illustrate Chinas defense expenditure as a share of GDP, per capita national defense burden, and to compare it with other major countries in the world and some surrounding countries.

Arent some foreign governments and media always saying that Chinas military expenditure is opaque? Lets be frank once.

For example, the following chart shows that Chinas defense expenditure as a share of GDP has fallen from the highest of 5.43% in 1979 to 1.26% in 2017, and this figure has remained below 2% for nearly 30 years.

Similarly, Chinas defense expenditure ranks second in the world at present, which seems to be very high, but in terms of total expenditure, Chinas defense expenditure in 2017 is less than a quarter of that of the United States.

Therefore, as the second largest economy in the world, compared with the countries with the highest defense expenditure in the world, Chinas share of GDP and national financial expenditure, as well as the per capita national and military expenditure, is at a low level. As shown in the figure below.

Can we eliminate some countriesaccusations of Chinas militarism and opacity simply by publishing figures? No. The key is to win the hearts and minds of the people. So in recent years, China has carried out so many military exchanges, from military Orchestra visits to joint exercises, in fact, to solve the problem of transparency.

Just as many people find it difficult to understand foreign aid in Chinas foreign policy, some people feel that they do not fight and spend so much money on visits and exercises. The truth is here.

Or numbers

Some people say they dont like to read the numbers in the documents. But sometimes numbers dont lie at all.

The white paper explains that the increased defense expenditure since 2012 is mainly used for improving and improving the welfare of officers and soldiers; developing and purchasing new weapons and equipment such as aircraft carriers, combat aircraft, missiles, main battle tanks; practical training, strategic training, joint training in theatre; international peacekeeping, escort, humanitarian rescue and rescue. Disaster relief, etc. It all costs money.

To be honest, it is difficult for ordinary people to directly understand what the Chinese army has done without seeing some figures listed in the white paper.

Make a few random lists.u2014u2014

Border. Since 2012, Chinas border forces have conducted more than 3300 joint patrols and held more than 8,100 border defense meetings with neighbouring armies. They have carried out border mine clearance in the direction of China, Vietnam and Myanmar, covering about 58 square kilometers of minefields and removing about 170,000 explosives such as landmines. Lost arms or eyes in such work.

Special Military Ceremony of Du Fuguo, a Mine-sweeping Hero

Maintaining world peace. China is now the largest troop contributor among the permanent members of the Security Council. As of December 2018, the Chinese army has sent more than 39,000 peacekeepers and 13 Chinese soldiers have died in the front line of peacekeeping operations. The Chinese army has built and repaired more than 13,000 kilometres of roads in the peacekeeping mission area, cleared 10342 mines and unexploded ordnance of various kinds, transported more than 1.35 million tons of materials and transported 13 million kilometres of total mileage, and received more than 170,000 patients.

Counter-terrorism. From 2014 to the present, the Armed Police Force alone has assisted the Xinjiang Autonomous Region Government in eliminating 1588 violent terrorist groups and capturing 12995 violent terrorists. Simply put, in five years, an average of more than 300 violent terrorist groups were killed and 2 600 violent terrorists were captured each year; almost every group and 7 people were captured every day. In the face of such figures, the West is not qualified to comment on us.

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); window. slotbydup |[]. push ({id:6374560, container: s, 300, 250, infix-size}); display (); disaster relief. Basically, every time a disaster occurs, we can see that the children and soldiers rush to the front at the first time, so how many are there? - Since 2012, the PLA and the Armed Police Force have dispatched 950,000 people, organized 1.41 million militias, used 190,000 vehicles and construction machinery, 26,000 boats, 820 aircraft (helicopters) sorties to participate. We assisted local governments in rescuing and relocating more than 5 million people, visited more than 210,000 patients, transported more than 360,000 tons of materials, and strengthened embankments and dams over 3,600 kilometers. Really, if you have time, you can take a look at the full text. It may take a little time, but after reading it, you will understand that the world is not peaceful; similarly, after reading it, you will have the same feeling as Uncle Ishima: Somebody carries the weight for you, not a sensational empty talk. Source: Chivalrous Island Responsible Editor: Liu Yuxin_NBJS7825

Disaster relief. Basically, every time there is a disaster, we can see the children and soldiers rushing to the front at the first time. So, how many are there?

u2014u2014 Since 2012, the Peoples Liberation Army and the Armed Police Force have dispatched 950,000 people, organized 1.41 million militias, used 190,000 vehicles and construction machinery, 26,000 boats, 820 aircraft (helicopters) sorties to participate in rescue and disaster relief, assisted local governments to rescue and relocate more than 5 million people, and patrolled and treated more than 210,000 patients. More than 360,000 tons of materials were rushed and more than 3600 kilometers of dykes and dams were strengthened.

Really, if you have time, you can take a look at the full text. It may take a little time, but after reading it, you will understand that the world is not peaceful. Similarly, after reading it, you will feel the same as Uncle Ishima.

Somebody carries the load for you is not a sensational empty talk.