Only socialism can save China, only socialism with Chinese characteristics can develop China, only adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics can realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The Communist Party of China, represented mainly by Comrade Mao Zedong, united and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country. After a long and bloody struggle, they completed the new democratic revolution, established the Peoples Republic of China, established the basic socialist system and completed the most extensive and profound social transformation in the history of the Chinese nation. It laid the fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for all the development and progress of contemporary China. In the process of exploration, although it has undergone serious twists and turns, the Partys original theoretical achievements and great achievements in the socialist revolution and construction have provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation and material basis for the creation of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period.
Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee, with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core, has accurately grasped the new historical orientation, the new changes of the times and the new requirements of practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics, scientifically answered the major theoretical and practical questions raised by the present age and the development of Contemporary China, and promoted the overall layout and war of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Strategic layout, establishing the basic strategy of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, commanding great struggles, great projects, great undertakings and great dreams, and pushing socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era.
(18) Looking back on the past, socialism with Chinese characteristics has been achieved in the great practice of reform and opening up for more than 40 years, in the continuous exploration of the seventy years since the founding of New China, in the practice of our Party leading the people in carrying out the great social revolution for more than 90 years, and in the process of the decline of the Chinese nation from decline to prosperity since modern times. In the historical process of more than 170 years, we have gained it in the magnificent development of world socialism in the past 500 years, and in the inheritance and development of Chinese civilization in the past 5000 years. Understanding the origin and evolution of world socialist thought and the historical development of socialism with Chinese characteristics will help us understand how our Party has historically chosen Marxism and socialist road through repeated comparisons and summaries in the process of promoting revolution, construction and reform. Combining the basic principles of Marxism with the reality of China and the characteristics of the times, we have taken our own road independently and ushered in a great leap from the establishment, development and perfection of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
(19) General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: Socialism with Chinese characteristics not only adheres to the basic principles of scientific socialism, but also endows it with distinct Chinese characteristics in accordance with the conditions of the times. That is to say, socialism with Chinese characteristics is socialism, not anything else.
The shoes dont fit properly. I dont know until I wear them. How well the road is going ultimately depends on facts and peoples judgment. Since the reform and opening up, we have completed the industrialization process of developed countries in several decades, making it impossible, promoting the unprecedented improvement of Chinas comprehensive national strength and international status, and promoting the unprecedented improvement of peoples living standards. The Chinese nation is standing in a brand-new position. In the east of the world. Facts have proved eloquently that socialism with Chinese characteristics is a scientific socialism rooted in China, reflecting the will of the Chinese people and adapting to the development and progress of China and the times. This is a right, right and good way to go.
We say that socialism with Chinese characteristics is socialism, that is, no matter how we reform and open up, we will always adhere to the socialist road, theory, system and culture with Chinese characteristics, and fully implement the Partys basic theory, line and strategy. This includes, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, basing on the basic national conditions, focusing on economic construction, adhering to the four basic principles, adhering to reform and opening up, emancipating and developing social productive forces, advancing the overall layout of the five in one as a whole, coordinating and advancing the strategic layout of the four in an all-round way, promoting the all-round development of human beings, and gradually realizing it. At present, all the people are well-off and build a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modernization power, including adhering to the fundamental political system of the peoples Congress system, the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation led by the Communist Party of China, the system of regional national autonomy and the system of mass autonomy at the grass-roots level. Socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, the basic economic system in which public ownership is the main body and multi-ownership economy develops together, and so on. These are the contents that embody the basic principles of scientific socialism under the new historical conditions. If we lose these, we will not become socialism.
Its not easy to find a good road, but its even harder to take it. In the past, we copied this book and imitated others. We were confused and frustrated. We hit the wall one after another, waked up again and again, practiced and made breakthroughs again and again, and finally walked out of a successful road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Now, some people talk about this road and that road, some want to pull back to the old road, some want to lead to the evil road, some are mistaken ideas, some have ulterior motives.
3. General and Strategic Layout of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics
The overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics is an important achievement of our Partys deepening practice and understanding of the law of socialist construction. Since the reform and opening-up, with the deepening of economic and social development and practice, great theoretical and practical innovations have taken place, from two civilizations of material civilization and spiritual civilization to three in one of economic, political and cultural construction, from four in one of economic, political, cultural and social construction to five in one. There has been a profound change in the concept and mode of development. All aspects of the Five in One are interrelated, mutually reinforcing and inseparable, and jointly build the overall cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In accordance with the overall objective of the overall layout of the Five in One, we should adhere to the principle of taking economic construction as the center, promote the coordination of all aspects of economic, political, cultural, social and ecological civilization construction, promote the compatibility of production relations with productivity, superstructure and economic basis, and promote the overall development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Exhibition and overall progress.
The four comprehensive strategic layout is a new strategy for governing the country and governing our country based on the new historical starting point and grasping the new characteristics of our countrys development. It is also a strategic choice for our Party to promote reform and opening-up and socialist modernization, and to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. This strategic layout is drawn from the actual needs of Chinas development, from the ardent expectations of the people, and also to promote the solution of the outstanding contradictions and problems we are facing. The Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Plenary Sessions of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the CPC have successively conducted thematic studies on deepening reform in an all-round way, governing the country according to law, building a well-off society in an all-round way, and governing the Party strictly in an all-round way, thus completing the top-level design of the strategic layout of the Four All-round.
The four comprehensive strategic layout has both strategic objectives and strategic measures. Each comprehensive strategic layout has a close internal logic with each other, and is an orderly development of the overall strategic deployment. Building a well-off society in an all-round way is the strategic goal, and it is in the leading position among the four comprehensiveness. The three major strategic measures are deepening reform in an all-round way, governing the country according to law and governing the Party strictly in an all-round way, which provide an important guarantee for building a well-off society in an all-round way as scheduled. The three major strategic measures are indispensable for achieving the strategic goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way. If we do not deepen the reform in an all-round way, there will be no momentum for development and no vitality for society. Without the rule of law in an all-round way, national life and social life can not operate in an orderly manner, and it is difficult to achieve social harmony and stability. If the Party is not strictly governed in an all-round way, it will not be able to strike iron must be hard on its own, and it will be difficult for the Party to play a good leading core role. We should have a deep understanding of the organic relationship between the four comprehensiveness and regard it as a unity with inherent theoretical and practical logic relations to grasp and understand, and strive to complement each other, promote each other and complement each other.
(22) Faced with the new requirements of the new era, we must adhere to the general tone of steady progress, promote the overall layout of the five in one as a whole, coordinate the promotion of the four comprehensive strategic layout, seize the strategic focus and achieve key breakthroughs. We should firmly adhere to the strategic goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and firmly adhere to the three strategic measures of deepening reform in an all-round way, governing the country according to law in an all-round way and strictly governing the Party in an all-round way. On the basis of promoting economic development, we should build a socialist market economy, democratic politics, advanced culture, a harmonious society and ecological civilization, and work together to promote the prosperity of the people, the prosperity of the country and the beauty of China.
4. Confidence in road, theory, system and culture
(23) Since the reform and opening-up, the fundamental reason for all our achievements and progress is that we have opened up the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, formed the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, established the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and developed the socialist culture with Chinese characteristics. The road to socialism with Chinese characteristics is the way to realize it. The theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the guide for action. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental guarantee. The socialist culture with Chinese characteristics is the spiritual force. The four are unified in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics. This is the most distinct feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must strengthen road self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence and cultural self-confidence.
(24) The socialist road with Chinese characteristics is the only way to realize socialist modernization and create a better life for the people, and the only way to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. This road not only adheres to the economic construction as the center, but also comprehensively promotes the construction of economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization and other aspects; adheres to the four basic principles, but also adheres to reform and opening up; not only continuously liberates and develops social productive forces, but also gradually realizes the common prosperity of all the people and promotes people. Comprehensive development.
(25) The theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the correct theory guiding the Party and the people to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and a scientific theory based on the frontier of the times and keeping pace with the times. This theoretical system includes Deng Xiaopings theory, the important thought of Three Represents, the scientific concept of development and Xi Jinpings socialist thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era. This theoretical system closely combines the reality of Chinas reform and development and the new conditions of the times. It not only vividly and concretely adheres to Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, but also vividly and concretely develops Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, endows Marxism with new vitality, and writes out the Science Society. The New Version of Socialism.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that Marxist-Leninist and Mao Zedong Thoughts must not be lost, and that if they are lost, they will lose their roots. At the same time, we must focus on the practical problems of Chinas reform and opening-up and socialist modernization, on what we are doing, on the application of Marxist theory, on theoretical thinking of practical problems, on new practice and new development, and constantly open up a new realm of the localization of Marxism in China.
(26) The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental institutional guarantee for the development and progress of contemporary China and an advanced system with obvious institutional advantages and strong self-improvement ability. This system insists on the organic combination of basic political system and basic political system with specific systems such as legal system, basic economic system and various institutional mechanisms, the organic combination of democratic system at the national level and grass-roots democratic system, the leadership of the Party, the ownership of the people and the rule of state by law. The combination of machine and machine not only adheres to the fundamental nature of socialism, but also draws on the beneficial achievements of system construction at all times and in all countries. It conforms to the national conditions of our country and embodies the characteristics and advantages of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
At the same time, we should see that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is distinctive and efficient, but it is not perfect and mature. With the continuous development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics needs to be constantly improved. We should adhere to the theoretical innovation based on practice to promote system innovation, adhere to and improve the existing system, proceed from reality, formulate some new systems in time, build a complete, scientific, standardized and effective system, so as to make all aspects of the system more mature and more stereotyped.
(27) Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics accumulates the deepest spiritual pursuit of the Chinese nation, represents the unique spiritual symbol of the Chinese nation, and is a powerful spiritual force to encourage the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups to advance bravely. This culture originates from the excellent traditional Chinese culture nurtured by the Chinese nations more than 5000 years of civilized history. It is melted into the revolutionary culture and advanced socialist culture created by the Party and the people in the process of revolution, construction and reform, and rooted in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Our Party regards socialist culture with Chinese characteristics as an important part of socialism with Chinese characteristics, along with the road, theory and system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It emphasizes that cultural self-confidence should be strengthened, which fully reflects a high degree of cultural consciousness and cultural responsibility. We should adhere to the guidance of Marxism, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, inherit revolutionary culture and develop socialist advanced culture, not forget the origin, absorb foreign countries and face the future, better construct Chinese spirit, Chinese value and Chinese strength, and provide spiritual guidance for the people.
5. Enriching and Developing Chinese Marxism in the 21st Century
As a scientific theory, Marxism is like a magnificent sunrise, which illuminates the way for human beings to explore historical laws and seek their own liberation. In the history of human thought, no theory can reach the height of Marxism, nor can any thought have such a broad and profound impact on the progress of human civilization as Marxism. From the publication of the Communist Manifesto to today, no matter how the times change and how science progresses, Marxism still shows the great power of scientific thought and still occupies the commanding heights of truth and morality.
We should not adopt a dogmatic or pragmatic attitude towards Marxism. Anything can be said in the quotations of classical Marxist writers. What classical Marxist writers have not said can not be said. This is not the attitude of Marxism. Similarly, according to the need to find a large number of quotations, everything is said to be Marx and Engels that year, rigid tailoring vivid practical development and innovation, which is not a Marxist attitude. Keeping pace with the times, sharing the destiny of the people, paying attention to and answering the important issues raised by the times and practice are the mysteries of keeping the vitality of Marxism forever. We should treat science with a scientific attitude, pursue truth with the spirit of truth, and constantly endow Marxism with new connotations of the times.
Marxism is an open theoretical system that develops continuously with the times, practice and scientific development. It does not end the truth, but opens up the road to the truth. The profound changes have taken place in contemporary China. The Chinese people who are in this great historical change are more qualified and able to reveal the historical experience and development rules contained therein, and make original contributions to the development of Marxism in China. We should persist in observing, interpreting and leading the times with Marxism, absorb all the outstanding achievements of civilization created by human beings with a broad vision, promote the development of Marxism with vivid and rich contemporary Chinese practice, and make Marxism in China in the twenty-first century show a stronger and more convincing force of truth.
6. Adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era should be consistent
As an unprecedented pioneering cause, the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics can not go smoothly. It should be noted that after decades of theoretical and practical exploration, our understanding of socialism and our grasp of the laws of socialism with Chinese characteristics have reached an unprecedented new height, which is beyond doubt. At the same time, we should see that our socialism is still in its infancy, and we are still facing many problems that have not been clarified and problems to be solved. There is no doubt that the understanding and handling of many major problems are still in the process of deepening. The understanding of things needs a process. Socialism, a new thing that has only been practiced for decades in China, is still very limited. The more the cause develops and the deeper the reform goes, the more new situations and problems will arise, the more risks and challenges will be faced, and the more unpredictable things will be faced. We must adhere to the Marxist view of development, give full play to the initiative and creativity of history, be enterprising and bold in exploring, constantly discover, create and make progress.
(32) Adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is a noble undertaking that requires generations of Chinese Communists to lead the people to continue their struggle. The task of our generation of Communists is to carry out the great social revolution of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We should adhere to the guiding ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in Xi Jinpings new era, boldly explore and deepen development in practice, constantly enrich the practical, theoretical, ethnic and contemporary characteristics of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and push forward the various undertakings of the Party and the state under the new historical conditions.
History and reality tell us that a social revolution needs a long historical process to win the final victory. Yesterdays success does not mean that we can always succeed in the future. The glory of the past does not mean that the future can always be glorious. We must not be proud of victory, slack on achievements, shrink from difficulties. We must be brave in reform and innovation, brave in facing difficulties, brave in fulfilling our responsibilities, and constantly hand over qualified answers for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.