The Earliest Evidence of Skull Osteogenesis in Modern Humanity Out of Africa 210,000 Years ago

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 The Earliest Evidence of Skull Osteogenesis in Modern Humanity Out of Africa 210,000 Years ago


Beijing, July 10, Science and Technology Daily (Reporter Zhang Menglan) The British magazine Nature published online a new study of human archaeology: a skull nearly 210,000 years ago discovered by German scientists in Greece represents the earliest evidence of modern human beings in Eurasia. Another skull found at the same location is about 170,000 years old and has Neanderthal characteristics. These findings support the view that modern humans have come out of Africa and spread outward much earlier than previously expected.

South-Eastern Europe is considered the main channel for modern humans to get out of Africa. In the late 1970s, two human skulls were unearthed in a cave called Apidima in southern Greece. However, due to lack of background information and fragmented samples, it has not been described in detail before.

Figure: The top three are Apidima2 and the bottom three are Apidima1.

The two skulls (Apidima1 and Apidima2, respectively) were compared and analyzed in detail by using the latest modern dating and imaging techniques by Katerina Hafti, an archaeologist at the University of Albert-Carls-Tubingen, Germany, and his colleagues.

The Apidima2 skull is similar to the Neanderthal skull, such as the round eyebrow, which has a history of more than 170,000 years. Apidima1 has the characteristics of both modern humans and human ancestors, such as the round back skull, which is unique to modern humans. Apidima has a history of at least 210,000 years, more than 150,000 years earlier than previously reported the oldest Homo sapiens in Europe. In the accompanying news and opinion articles, scientists at Lehman College and Graduate Center of City University of New York concluded that these analyses showed that modern humans walked out of Africa much earlier than previously expected, and confirmed the hypothesis that there were multiple diffusion routes out of Africa. Source of this article: responsible editor of Science and Technology Daily: Wang Fengzhi_NT2541

The Apidima2 skull is similar to the Neanderthal skull, such as the round eyebrow, which has a history of more than 170,000 years. Apidima1 has the characteristics of both modern humans and human ancestors, such as the round back skull, which is unique to modern humans. Apidima has a history of at least 210,000 years, more than 150,000 years earlier than previously reported the oldest Homo sapiens in Europe.

In the accompanying news and opinion articles, scientists at Lehman College and Graduate Center of City University of New York concluded that these analyses showed that modern humans walked out of Africa much earlier than previously expected, and confirmed the hypothesis that there were multiple diffusion routes out of Africa.