Zhou Hongsheng introduced that under the high attention of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, and under the wide attention of all walks of life, in 2014, the state made a decision to implement a new round of returning farmland to forests and grasslands in order to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization and beautiful China. So far, the state has arranged a new round of task of returning farmland to forests and grasslands, 59.89.49 million mu, of which 54.868 million mu is returned to forests and 5.526 million mu is returned to grasslands, involving 22 provinces (regions, cities) such as Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. At present, the central government has invested 68.76 billion yuan in the new round of returning farmland to forestry and grassland. In the past six years, the scale of implementation of the project has expanded from 42.4 million mu at the time of the New Round of Grass-for-Forest Conversion Project to nearly 80 million mu at present. The implementation provinces of the project have expanded from 14 provinces (districts and municipalities) in 2014 to 22 provinces (districts and municipalities) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. Since 2017, the subsidy standard for returning farmland to grassland has increased from 800 yuan per mu to 1000 yuan per mu, and the subsidy for returning farmland to forestry seedlings and seedlings has increased from 300 yuan to 400 yuan per mu, bringing the total subsidy standard for the new round of returning farmland to forestry to 1600 yuan per mu.
Returning Farmland to Forestry Prominently Promotes Ecological Benefits in Engineering Areas
The implementation of the project accelerates the process of land greening. The forest coverage in the project area has increased by more than 4 percentage points on average, which has made a significant contribution to Chinas new greening and the greening of the earth.
Since 1999, in Yanan, Shaanxi Province, 1.77 million mu of farmland has been returned to forestry. The vegetation coverage has increased from 46% before returning farmland to 81.3% in 2017. The green boundary has moved more than 400 kilometers northward. The soil erosion modulus has decreased from 9,000 tons per square kilometer to 1,077 tons per year. The annual yellow sediment input has decreased from 258 million tons to 0.31 billion tons, a decrease of 88%. The loess plateau, which used to be severely eroded in the past, provides a successful example of ecological restoration for the world today.
Returning farmland to forestry plays an irreplaceable role in improving the ecological environment and maintaining the ecological security of the land.
Returning farmland to forestry opens up a new way for sustainable agricultural development
The implementation of the project of returning farmland to forestry and grassland has not only made 32 million farmer households benefit more than 9,800 Yuan directly from the policy subsidy, solved the problem of food and clothing of farmer households steadily, but also changed farmersideology, adjusted rural industrial structure, fostered the follow-up industry of eco-economic type, and promoted rural surplus. The transfer of labor force has opened up a new way to effectively solve the problems of agriculture, countryside and farmers and to promote the sustainable development of agriculture.
More than 4 million laborers in Hilly and basin areas of Sichuan Province have been transferred due to the implementation of conversion of farmland to forestry, and the annual income of working abroad is 21.7 billion yuan.
After the new round of returning farmland to forests is no longer limited to the proportion of economic forests, the enthusiasm for returning farmland to economic forests has risen. In 2016 alone, the national rate of returning farmland to economic forests reached 8.18 million mu, accounting for 61% of the annual total task. Based on this, the Linte products and leisure tourism industry developed on this basis have become a new way for farmers to become rich.
Through the implementation of the project of returning farmland to forestry and grassland, the land with weak ecological endurance and unsuitable for cultivation will be retreated and trees and grasses planted. It is not only an important measure to prevent soil erosion from the source, reduce natural disasters, increase carbon sequestration and sink, and cope with climate change, but also an important measure to promote poverty alleviation and prosperity in concentrated areas of extreme poverty and achieve a well-off society in an all-round way. Important tasks of social goals.
The project of returning farmland to forestry and grassland is playing an increasingly important role in alleviating poverty everywhere. According to the monitoring of 100 sample counties of returning farmland to forestry by the State Forestry and Grass Bureau, the coverage rate of the new round of returning farmland to poor households in the archives of Lika reached 18.7%, and that of Chengkou County, Chongqing City, Huanxian County, Gansu Province and Huining County reached 48%, 49% and 39%, respectively. From 2016 to 2018, a total of 29.466 million mu of returning farmland to forestry and grassland was allocated to the counties concerned and key counties of poverty alleviation and development work in special and difficult areas, accounting for nearly three-quarters of the total task of returning farmland to forestry in three years.
Guizhou Province attaches great importance to the role of precise poverty alleviation by returning farmland to forests. Bijie City has implemented a new round of converting farmland to forests, covering 92.5% of the poor townships, 49.2% of the poor villages and 32.7% of the poor population.
Enshi City, Hubei Province, adopts the business model of company + cooperative + base + farmer to guide farmer to grow in short time, develop 120,000 mu of industrial bases such as forestry medicine, forest fungi, forest vegetables, etc., with an annual output value of 300 million yuan, and increase the income of more than 2000 poor households by 4,000 yuan.
The Shanxi Provincial Party Committee and the provincial government regard returning farmland to forestry and grassland as one of the eight precise measures for poverty alleviation, increasing both green and income, winning two battles of poverty alleviation and ecological governance in a battlefield, and exploring a nationwide popularized poverty alleviation and afforestation professional cooperative model, which has won the leadership of the Party and the state as well as relevant ministries and commissions. Full affirmation and high evaluation of leadership.
The 20-year construction practice has proved that the strategic decision of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on returning farmland to forests and grasslands is a wise and farsighted decision, an excellent practice of coordinating the harmonious development of man and nature, and has become a successful model for human beings to rebuild ecosystems, build ecological civilization and promote sustainable development.