New regulations for nurseries seeking advice to prohibit child abuse recorders from practicing

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 New regulations for nurseries seeking advice to prohibit child abuse recorders from practicing


It is a real problem faced by many dual-working families who will take care of their children before they enter kindergarten at the age of 3. Full-day, half-day or time nurseries for infants under 3 years of age can largely alleviate the pressing needs of their parents. However, for a long time, the problems such as lack of unified policy standards, lack of clear norms for the establishment of institutions, and uneven quality of nursery services have become prominent.

Since July 8, the Standards for the Setting up of Nursing Institutions (Trial Implementation) and the Regulations for the Management of Nursing Institutions (Trial Implementation) drafted by the National Health Commission have been open to the public for comments, stipulating the places, facilities, number of personnel and qualifications of nursery institutions, and proposing the establishment of a blacklist of nurseries, prohibiting the existence of such institutions. Institutions and individuals with records of abuse and injury to infants and young children engage in nursery services.

From July 8, the National Health Commission organized and drafted the Standards for the Establishment of Nursing Institutions (Trial Implementation) and the Standards for the Management of Nursing Institutions (Trial Implementation) to solicit public opinions.

According to the draft, parents or guardians of infants and young children should apply to nursery institutions on their own initiative. Nursery institutions should sign nursery service agreements with infant guardians to clarify the responsibilities, rights and obligations, service items, charging standards and dispute resolution methods of both parties.

Before entering nursery institutions, infants and young children should complete the age-appropriate vaccination, and be checked by medical and health institutions before being admitted to nurseries.

Number of infants and young children in nursery institutions should not exceed the number on record; information management system for infants and young children should be established, collected and updated in time, and reported regularly to the record organs.

In addition, the draft for consultation stipulates that nursery institutions should establish a system of contact with parents, hold regular parent meetings, receive visits and counseling, help parents understand the contents and methods of nursery care, set up parentscommittees, and put forward opinions and suggestions on important decisions of nursery institutions concerning infants and young children; Parent Open Day System.

Nursing institutions should also establish and improve information publicity system, regularly publicize fee items and standards, nursing care, dietary nutrition, health care, safety and security, and accept supervision.

The two documents soliciting opinions are mainly to solve the problem of standards and norms of nursery institutions, which fills in the blank of standards and norms of nursery institutions. Huang Kuangshi, deputy researcher of China Population and Development Research Center, told reporters in an interview.

In his view, although relevant local regulations have been issued in Shanghai, Sichuan and other places, the national industry standards and norms are still missing. These two documents will contribute to the professional and standardized development of nursery institutions, promote the healthy development of nursery institutions, improve the supporting policies related to fertility, and help support family development and alleviate the pressure of nurturing.

Question 1: How to set up a nursery institution?

Registration with the Civil Administration or Market Supervision Department

Reporters noted that in order to alleviate the problem of insufficient number of nursery institutions, two draft requests for opinions stipulated that new residential areas should be planned to build nursery institutions corresponding to the size of the permanent population. Old urban areas and built residential areas should adopt various ways to build and improve infant care service facilities to meet the needs of residents.

Previously, it was not clear who, who and how to manage the nursery institutions. In this regard, the documents are clear: those who hold non-profit nursery institutions shall register with the establishment department or Civil Affairs Department of the institution at or above the county level; those who hold for-profit nursery institutions shall register with the market supervision and management department at or above the county level in the place where the institution is located.

The document also points out that civil affairs, market supervision, health and other departments should publish relevant information of nursery institutions on official websites and accept social inquiries and supervision.

Question 2 What conditions should be met for the establishment of educational institutions?

The per capita area of living room is not less than 3_, and the per capita area of outdoor space is not less than 2_.

In view of the facilities, equipment and personnel size of nursery institutions, the draft for consultation has also made detailed provisions.

Among them, in terms of facilities and equipment, the draft requests that nursery institutions should have their own sites or leased sites with a lease term of not less than three years. Nursing institutions shall set up standard living rooms for infants and young children (dining area, sleeping area, game area, toilet area, storage area, etc.) with a per capita area of no less than 3_.

Nursing institutions shall have outdoor activities venues, suitable outdoor toys and games facilities, no less than 2_per capita area, and corresponding safety and protection measures; they shall ensure that outdoor activities of infants and young children are not less than 2 hours a day, and can be adjusted in cold, hot season or special weather conditions as appropriate.

In terms of personnel size, the draft for consultation stipulates that no more than 150 infants should be placed in an independent nursery, and at least one security guard should be on duty.

Nursing institutions generally set up three types of nursing classes (6-12 months, less than 10 people), small (12-24 months, less than 15 people), and large (24-36 months, less than 20 people). Babies and young children over 18 months can be divided into mixed classes, with no more than 18 students in each class.

Rational allocation of nurses and nurses should be no less than 1:3 for infants, 1:5 for small nurseries and 1:7 for large nurseries. Each class has at least one nursery staff.

Question 3 What qualifications should nursery staff have?

Nursing personnel should have a professional background in infant care and be trained in nursing education.

For the qualifications of personnel in nursery institutions, the draft for consultation has also been clarified.

Among them, the person in charge of a nursery institution should have a college degree or above, more than three yearsexperience in child care education, health and other related management work, and be qualified by the post training of the person in charge of a nursery institution.

Nursing personnel responsible for the care, care and care of infants and young children should have a professional background in infant care and have received relevant education and training in infant care.

Nurses assisting nurses and nurses responsible for the daily life of infants and young children should have a junior high school education or above and have received vocational training in infant and young child care.

Health care workers should have a high school or technical secondary school education or above, and be trained in health care professional knowledge organized by maternal and child health care institutions.

Question 4 Nursing institutions how to protect the safety of infants and young children?

24-hour monitoring, no unreasonable interruption of monitoring, the establishment of a blacklist of practitioners

In recent years, incidents of abuse and injury of infants and young children by nurseries or personnel such as needle sticking and palm slapping have been exposed frequently and aroused strong social concern. Reporters noted that many provisions in the two documents related to infant and child safety in nurseries.

For example, the draft solicits opinions that nurseries should not carry out any activities contrary to the growth of infants and young children. Abuse, discrimination, corporal punishment or disguised corporal punishment, humiliation and other acts harmful to the physical and mental health of infants and young children are strictly prohibited.

Nursing institutions should establish monitoring systems for care services and security. The monitoring and alarm system ensures 24-hour defence and full coverage of infant living and activity areas. The period of preservation of surveillance video data shall not be less than 90 days. The surveillance shall not be interrupted without reason, and the surveillance data shall not be changed or deleted at will. The draft also mentioned that nursery institutions should strengthen the rule of law education of staff and enhance their awareness of the rule of law. Zero tolerance for child abuse and other acts shall be exercised. Once found, the responsible persons and responsible persons shall be held accountable in strict accordance with relevant laws, regulations and regulations. The document suggests that relevant departments should incorporate the credit information of nursery institutions and their staff into the national credit information sharing platform, and implement joint incentives and punishments for dishonesty. A blacklist system for nursery institutions and their staff shall be established according to law, and institutions and individuals with records of abuse and injury to infants and young children shall be prohibited from engaging in nursery services. In addition, if a nursery institution finds that a child has suffered or suspected to have suffered domestic violence, it shall report the case to the public security organ in time according to law. Source: Liu Yuxin_NBJS7825, responsible editor of Beijing News

Nursing institutions should establish monitoring systems for care services and security. The monitoring and alarm system ensures 24-hour defence and full coverage of infant living and activity areas. The period of preservation of surveillance video data shall not be less than 90 days. The surveillance shall not be interrupted without reason, and the surveillance data shall not be changed or deleted at will.

The draft also mentioned that nursery institutions should strengthen the rule of law education of staff and enhance their awareness of the rule of law. Zero tolerance for child abuse and other acts shall be exercised. Once found, the responsible persons and responsible persons shall be held accountable in strict accordance with relevant laws, regulations and regulations.

The document suggests that relevant departments should incorporate the credit information of nursery institutions and their staff into the national credit information sharing platform, and implement joint incentives and punishments for dishonesty. A blacklist system for nursery institutions and their staff shall be established according to law, and institutions and individuals with records of abuse and injury to infants and young children shall be prohibited from engaging in nursery services.

In addition, if a nursery institution finds that a child has suffered or suspected to have suffered domestic violence, it shall report the case to the public security organ in time according to law.