Peng Mei News noted that the dry goods of the opinions are full, such as incorporating sports subjects into the scoring subjects of high school entrance examinations, eliminating the transformation of studentshomework into parents homework, strictly forbidding the publication of student achievement rankings, and speeding up the incorporation of qualified non-in-service teachers, and forbidding the generation of new substitute teachers. To clarify the punishment right of teacherseducation, to guarantee the treatment of teachers and to strengthen the supervision of micro-video are all facing the difficulties and hotspots in the key areas of compulsory education in China.
Define Teacher Education Punishment Right
Peng Mei News noted that Opinions proposed that we should select and strengthen leading cadres of education departments, especially county-level Education Bureau directors; integrate campus security into social governance, improve the prevention and control system of campus security risks and legal treatment mechanism, resolutely eliminate school disturbances and maintain normal education and teaching order.
In view of the teachers punishment right which has been discussed by public opinion in recent years, the above-mentioned document states that relevant departments will formulate implementation rules to clarify the right of teachers education punishment, properly handle conflicts and disputes involving schools and teachers according to law and regulations, and resolutely safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of teachers.
In recent years, the teacher-student relationship and the home-school relationship are quite sensitive. Teachers are caught in the dilemma of managing or ignoring. Some teachers are distressed: for mischievous students, not managing and not daring to manage. In this regard, some educators appealed, Please give the right of punishment to teachers. According to the Beijing Daily, there has been a lack of systematic regulations on the right to punishment at the national level, which has not been explicitly mentioned in the Education Law, the Teacher Law or the Compulsory Education Law.
During the 2018 NPC and CPPCC sessions, Zhang Guoxin, the deputy of the National Peoples Congress and the president of the secondary school affiliated to Jiangxi Normal University, proposed that in order to curb campus bullying, schools and teachers should pass legislation to give the right of education punishment, if they do something wrong with impunity, they will only help the abuse of the child.
Zhou Hongyu, a deputy to the National Peoples Congress and a professor at Central China Normal University, said that it was proposed to amend the TeachersLaw to give teachers the right to disciplinary education and to clarify its specific content and applicable boundary.
The central government did propose that detailed rules should be formulated for the implementation of teachersright to disciplinary education.
Li Muzhou, Deputy Dean and associate professor of the College of Education of Hubei University, told Peng Mei News that teachers are the main body of the states legal implementation of education, and that the right to punish is actually a professional power of teachers. In his view, in the specific process of education, according to the nature, performance and severity of studentsmisconduct, it is suggested that teachers should be allowed to implement different disciplinary powers, including compulsory powers such as calling parents or handing over to schools.
It is worth noting that there have been several places to support the granting of disciplinary power to teachers. On April 12, 2019, the Guangdong Provincial Department of Justice published the Draft Regulations on School Safety in Guangdong Province on its official website, which clarifies the right of primary and secondary school teachers to discipline and reasonable educational disciplinary measures in schools, and stipulates that schools and teachers can criticize and educate students in accordance with the law.
In March 2017, the Measures for the Administration of Primary and Secondary Schools in Qingdao City came into effect, which stipulated that primary and secondary schools should criticize and educate students who affected the order of education and teaching or give appropriate punishment; if the circumstances were serious, they should be punished according to the circumstances; and the schools disciplinary provisions should be made public to students. This is the first time that the local government has formally written punishment into the rules and regulations, which once triggered a heated discussion of public opinion.
On the afternoon of July 9, the Information Office of the State Council held a press conference to introduce the relevant information on the recently published Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Education and Teaching and Improving the Quality of Compulsory Education in an All-round Way. Lu Yugang, Director of the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education, said in response to a reporters question that the purpose of educational punishment is education. Teachers are for the purpose of caring for and protecting students and promoting the healthy growth of students; they should clarify the forms and norms of teacherspunishment rights; and they should quickly amend the relevant provisions of the Teachers Law to ensure that teachers effectively exercise their punishment rights. To promote teachersdaring and good management and safeguard teachers dignity.
Average wage income level is no lower than that of local civil servants
In terms of ensuring the treatment of teachers, the Opinion mentions that the total amount of performance pay for compulsory education should be improved, and a linkage growth mechanism should be established to ensure that the average salary income level of compulsory education teachers is not lower than that of local civil servants.
In addition, we will implement policies such as subsidies for rural teacherswork in villages and towns, subsidy for living in poorly-off areas, and subsidy for living in hardship and remote areas. Where conditions permit, teachers with teaching tasks in rural areas will be given transportation subsidy.
In fact, to ensure that the average salary of teachers is not lower than that of local civil servants has been mentioned frequently in recent years.
When the Ministry of Education issued a document to celebrate Teachers Day in 2018, it explicitly mentioned improving the long-term linkage mechanism of teacherssalaries in primary and secondary schools, optimizing the structure of funds input, and ensuring that the average salary income level of teachers in primary and secondary schools is not lower or higher than that of local civil servants.
According to the Chinese government website, at the State Council executive meeting on July 30, 2018, Premier Li Keqiang demanded that the responsibility of local government must be firmly strengthened to ensure that the average salary level of compulsory education teachers is not lower than that of local civil servants, provinces that fail to meet the standards should rectify and meet the standards within a time limit, and this matter can no longer be repeated. Delays, a delay is a generation, we must speed up.
At the end of August of that year, the State Council issued the Opinions on Further Adjusting and Optimizing the Structure and Improving the Benefit of Educational Funds, which put forward the idea of striving to solve the problem of teacherswages and benefits in compulsory education for three years.
If the problem of treatment is not solved, other problems will be difficult to implement. Peng Mei News reported earlier that the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education said in a press release last September that it was studying and improving the linkage mechanism of salaries and benefits for primary and secondary school teachers.
Peng Mei News noted that recently, many provinces, including Sichuan, Guangxi, Shaanxi and Henan, have issued policies to ensure that the average salary of teachers in primary and secondary schools is not lower than that of local civil servants. In many places, the news of teacherssalary increase has been spread.
For example, Henan Province announced that from July 1, 2019, the teachers age allowance for primary and secondary schools (secondary vocational schools) will be calculated and approved accumulatively according to the standard of increasing teaching age by 10 yuan per year on the basis of implementing the national standards; the teachers allowance for primary and secondary schools (secondary vocational schools) will be implemented at no less than 400 yuan per month, which can be consolidated in different places. Improving standards.
Dongguan, Shunde and other places in Guangdong have also announced increases in teacherssubsidies or salaries. According to the 21st Century Economic Report, the basic personal performance of primary and secondary school teachers in many schools in Shunde District of Foshan City has increased by 1,000 yuan per month, and a total of 2,000 yuan has been reissued in May and June.
While safeguarding the rights and benefits of teachers, the Opinions also put forward that teachersteaching ability should be greatly improved. For example, we should implement all-round rotation training, highlight new courses, textbooks, new methods and new technology training, strengthen teachersethics education and basic skills training, and constantly improve teachers abilities in ethics education, classroom teaching, assignment and examination proposition design, experimental operation and family education guidance.
Standardizing the Enrollment System of Private Compulsory Education Schools
For the recruitment of private compulsory education schools, the relevant departments have always required strict.
In March this year, the Ministry of Education issued the Notice on Enrollment of General Primary and Secondary Schools in 2019, which requires that private schools whose enrollment exceeds the enrollment plan should be guided to enroll students by random computer assignment.
On May 24, the General Office of the Ministry of Education issued the Emergency Notice on Strictly Regulating the Enrollment Order of Universities, Primary and Secondary Schools, requiring all localities to further standardize the enrollment behavior of private schools in the compulsory education stage, and that students shall not be selected through examinations or disguised examinations.
This Opinion also makes a request for this. It mentions that it is strictly forbidden to select students on the basis of various examinations, competitions, training results or certificates, and not in the name of interviews and evaluations. The enrollment of private compulsory education schools is under the unified management of the examination and approval area, and is synchronized with the enrollment of public schools. If the number of enrolled students exceeds the enrollment plan, computer random recording shall be carried out. Take.
It is worth noting that for private compulsory education schools whose enrollment exceeds the enrollment plan, the document issued by the Ministry of Education in March this year said, Guiding schools to enroll students by random computer placement, while in this Opinion it is stated as implementing random computer enrollment. By comparison, the latter has a clearer attitude.
According to Peng Meis news, at present, private compulsory education schools with more enrollment than the enrollment plan have different ways of enrollment. For example, in April this year, the Sichuan Provincial Department of Education issued a paper saying that for private schools whose enrollment exceeded the enrollment plan, more than 30% of the places in the enrollment plan should continue to be determined by random assignment among the enrolled students, and the remaining places could be determined by interviews.
On April 26, the Xian Bureau of Education issued a statement that the enrollment of Xian Civilian-run schools in junior middle schools was based on computer random assignment + interview. Schools whose enrollment exceeded the enrollment plan enrolled students through the combination of computer random assignment and interview. The proportion of computer random assignment and interview enrollment was 4:6.
Strengthen the control of network games and micro-videos
Feng Hongrong, deputy inspector of Beijing Municipal Education Commission, said in an interview with Peng Mei News that in the past, there was a tendency to understand the quality of education in a narrow sense. In some places, scores and enrollment rates were used to simply evaluate the teaching and educational achievements of a school. At the present stage, the educational quality of utilitarianism should be evaluated. Quantitative view turns to scientific view of educational quality.
How to improve the quality of education scientifically?
Opinions also gives the answer: Five education, moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetic and labor all-round development. For example, in moral education, we should improve the creative incentive and publicity promotion mechanism, provide excellent childrens cultural products with entertainment and education, strengthen the value guidance and control of online games and micro-videos, and create a green and healthy online space.
It is noteworthy that in June this year, fast-hand, tremolo and other major national network short video platforms comprehensively promoted the anti-addiction system for teenagers. In recent years, some large game manufacturers have begun to use face recognition, mandatory real-name verification, minor game consumption reminders, curfews and other technical means to manage minor usersgame behavior.
In intellectual education, Opinions clearly highlights the main position of students, pays attention to protecting studentscuriosity, imagination and curiosity, stimulates interest in learning, and improves learning ability.
In physical education, except for exempt students, those who fail to meet the standard of physical fitness and health are not allowed to issue graduation certificates; all physical education classes should be opened to include physical education subjects in the scoring subjects of high school entrance examinations; sports loads should be arranged scientifically, school-specific sports items should be carried out well, and campus football should be vigorously developed. Let each student master 1 to 2 sports skills.
In aesthetic education, professional artists are encouraged to teach part-time in primary and secondary schools by purchasing services. Supporting art schools to establish counterpart support bases in primary and secondary schools.
In terms of labor education, we should ensure that the class hours of labor education are not less than half. Parents should arrange their childrens household work within their abilities, and create a number of labor education experimental areas, such as farmland, mountain forest, grassland and other agricultural practice bases.