5G will bring snowball effect to the Internet of Things industry, which will be the network between tens of billions of robots.
With the help of 5G, Internet of Things applications are speeding up their landing.
On June 12, CESAsia 2019 opened in Shanghai. The fields of artificial intelligence, automobile and smart home have become the focus of attention. The Horizon of AI Chip Company shows its intelligent Internet of Things solution and intelligent driving perception solution. In addition, a large number of applications landed in life are also ubiquitous.
For example, in Sunings Intelligent Retail scheme, when any fruit is picked up from the fruit shelf, the display screen can identify what the customer is holding, and subtract the product price according to the device that identifies the weight on the base. Infrared sensors, cameras and so on have become the standard of home Internet of Things. It can be predicted that the development of smart home, IoT, AI and automotive electronics will bring new opportunities and challenges for the development of semiconductor industry.
With the formal commercial use of 5G, its boosting effect on the Internet of Things will be further reflected. However, the anticipated interconnection of all things has not yet been reflected. Chen Jinpei, CEO of Precision Spatio-temporal Service Platform Chihiro, told 21st Century Economic Reporters that when computing is stronger and network speed is faster, all data need spatio-temporal benchmarks. There is no way to use this data without uniformity and accuracy. With the increasing speed of terminal connection, the development of artificial intelligence, cloud computing and big data technology makes the information processing ability improve rapidly. The processing of all information and the connection of terminals need a unified space-time benchmark in order to realize the real interconnection of all things.
Internet of Things Speed Up
5G and Internet of Things are the important development directions of the telecommunication industry in the next 10 years, and they are closely related: in order to fully realize the landing of the Internet of Things, 5G is required to provide network support; at the same time, considering the completeness of 5G network construction and the adequacy of access, the Internet of Things may become the most important application scenario of 5G.
Vehicle networking is an important reference for checking the progress of Internet of Things. Previously, the biggest constraints to the development of Vehicle Networking lie in the hardware and network of carrying algorithms. As a result, most of the vehicles only stay in the navigation stage, using isolated positioning system, and do not really realize the intelligent vehicle network.
Some insiders told 21st century economic reporters that the navigation application of 4G technology may encounter a blind spot, which may lead to the situation that information can not be returned. But if supported by 5G technology, monitoring will be faster and more complete, and 5G equipment will be more convenient for mobile connection or wireless access. In addition, in the 4G network, the rate delay reaches 50 milliseconds, which can hardly be controlled in real time. After 5G arrival, the end-to-end delay only needs 1 milliseconds, which can meet the requirements of millisecond delay unmanned driving and other technologies.
Chen Jinpei told reporters that after carrying the Ami-level positioning capability of 5G network and Chihiro location, the vehicle will hardly encounter rubbing on the road, let alone bump into people. Because the vehicle can be positioned on which lane it is driving with almost no delay, and it can sense and brake automatically in time. Due to the use of geosynchronous satellite and Internet dual broadcasting, with the faster and faster terminal connection speed, from 3G, 4G to 5G, the service quality of Chihiro location will be higher and higher.
With more accurate positioning, the data of vehicle circumference, traffic lights and congestion degree can be combined into an intelligent transportation network. Any driver can really understand the surrounding traffic conditions 360 degrees, clearly know the traffic conditions in front of the road section and the degree of congestion, so that he can choose his own speed or route to achieve the good vision of driverless.
Not only automobiles, but also agriculture, surveying and mapping, electric power and other industries will feel the convenience brought by 5G to the Internet of Things.
As the pillar of the development of the Internet of Things in the next decade, the impact of artificial intelligence on the Internet of Things will also go deep into all aspects. Xiang Binbin, senior research director of Gartner, said that in terms of security, artificial intelligence technology is used to monitor and respond to threats; in terms of interaction, natural language recognition, face recognition and other technologies have been applied to a variety of Internet of Things terminals as an interactive interface between Internet of Things terminals and people; in terms of prediction, especially in the most typical scenario of Internet of Things application, predictive maintenance, artificial. Intelligence has been closely integrated with the Internet of Things to enable this application area; in machine vision, machine vision has been widely used in the field of retail, manufacturing quality monitoring and public safety, and most of the Internet of Things terminals will become more intelligent in the future.
5G will bring snowball effect to the Internet of Things industry. Chen Jinpei said that the Internet of Things era is a network of tens of billions of robots.
Safety and standards still need to be unified
According to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the scale of the Internet of Things will exceed 1.8 trillion yuan by 2020. Gartner data show that by 2020, the number of Internet of Things terminals will reach 20.8 billion, with a compound annual growth rate of 34.26%.
However, there are still many security problems in these devices, such as open source system vulnerabilities, solidification of encryption keys, improper firmware updates and so on, which also bring security risks. At the 7th NSC Network Security Conference, Yin Hao, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, pointed out that the pain points of Internet of Things (IOT) information security are frequent, and IOT networks and equipment of important institutions such as power, energy, airports and data centers around the world are frequently attacked.
Previously, the White Paper on Internet of Things Security (2018) issued by CITIC said that the number of routers and video surveillance devices exposed to the Internet in China ranked among the top in the world, with the number of routers exceeding 3.5 million, second only to the United States, and the number of video surveillance devices exceeding 2.4 million, ranking first in the world.
Yin Hao believes that while vigorously promoting 5G landing, we should not forget the security requirements. 5G security standardization has not yet been fully completed. 5G network needs a unified, flexible and scalable security architecture to meet the needs of different security levels of different applications. The security protection of the Internet of Things is more complex than that of the Internet, and the solutions involve many levels of problems. In the Internet of Things, most user terminal devices are simple, low-power, low-cost, and rarely designed or planned, even without considering the security budget at all.
With the large-scale deployment of the Internet of Things, the number of participants involved in the Internet of Things will significantly increase, and compliance issues will become more complex. For enterprises, the governance related to the Internet of Things is not only a technical issue, but also a business challenge.
Xiang Binbin believes that with the popularization of the Internet of Things, more extensive social, legal and ethical issues related to it will arouse concern. For many enterprises, this is an emerging field, and due to the influence of culture, industry differences and other factors, there is no widely accepted standard at present.
Therefore, to ensure the successful deployment of IOT solutions, enterprises should not only focus on the technical feasibility, but also make it acceptable at the social, legal and ethical levels. At present, most enterpriseslegal departments do not have the ability to deal with the social ethical and legal risks related to the Internet of Things. Therefore, enterprises should seek help from internal legal departments or external legal advisory bodies as soon as possible, and understand the relevant information. Especially in data privacy, how should enterprises use and store data? All these need to be standardized urgently.
(Editor: Li Qingyu)
Source: Liable Editor of 21st Century Economic Report: Yao Liwei_NT6056