Reference News Network reported on April 16 that Russia does not have an advantage in future space competition.
According to an article entitled Moscow is losing the space race published on the website of Russian Independent Daily on April 15, Russian President Putin met with employees of the power machinery manufacturing research and production joint venture on Space Day and again called for a new step in the field of space development. Vice Premier Borisov said at the celebration party of Space Day that the task of rebuilding satellite groups for national defense security must be completed.
According to the article, the objective data show that the functions of the Russian armed forces satellite group are not only lagging behind the US and NATO national armies to a large extent, but also inferior to those of some Southeast Asian countries. In December 2013, at the beginning of the Western sanctions against Russia, Yuri Kopjev, former director of the Russian Federal Space Agency and chairman of the Scientific and Technological Committee of the Russian Technological Corporation, said: In the field of remote sensing, navigation, meteorology and dedicated communications on the earth, the quality and quantity of Russian satellite clusters are not as good as those of the United States, Europe, China and India. Today our satellites in orbit do not meet the requirements of modernization.
If no legislative measures are taken to improve the quantity and quality of satellites, Russia will face a situation in which Western satellites dominate in space in the next few years, Kopjev said. There are signs that this has happened.
At the end of last year, Dmitry Rogozin, president of the Russian National Aerospace Corporation, said that in 2018 the Russian satellite group added eight satellites, bringing the total number of civil and military spacecraft to 156.
The picture shows the Russian spacecraft.
As of November 30, 2018, there were 284 in-orbit spacecraft in China, 849 in the United States and 672 in other countries, according to data from the website of the American Union of Concerned Scientists. Russias National Aerospace Corporation previously said that by the end of 2018, Russia had 89 dual-purpose satellites for social economy, science and military and civilian purposes. It can be inferred that the number of Russian satellites in orbit for national defense does not exceed 70 to 80. Satellite launch data from the Russian Ministry of Defense also prove this conclusion. Only four of Russias 17 spacecraft launched in 2016 are military satellites. The data for 2017 are 5 military satellites in 19 spacecrafts and 7 military satellites in 17 spacecrafts in 2018. Of the 24 launches scheduled for 2019, only four were military satellites.
Kaliuta, head of the Russian Space Force Space Reconnaissance Center, said more than a year ago that there are about 300 foreign military satellites for reconnaissance of defense facilities, economic research institutions and factories in Russia. Of these, 136 are used for regional reconnaissance, 8 are used to detect ballistic missile launches and nuclear explosions, 85 are used for military communications, 60 are used for navigation, and 14 are used to provide meteorological information for the army. In addition, there are 85 military test satellites.
Open information shows that Russia lags far behind other developed countries in the development of military navigation, communications, earth remote sensing and reconnaissance satellites. A month ago, Russian Defense Minister Shao Yigu said in a teleconference that Russia should manufacture modern military satellites to obtain the most accurate information and mapping information.
In response to Putins instructions in his State of the Union Address, the article commented that in view of the real revolution in communications, navigation and remote sensing systems of the Earth, it is necessary to multiply the capacity of our satellite systems. Ivan Moisiev, director of the Russian Institute of Space Policy, pointed out that the directive showed that the systemic crisis of the Russian space industry had been officially recognized.
Russia has previously proposed the task of revitalizing the space industry, and written in the space industry development strategy adopted two years ago. Recently, some media quoted experts as saying that import substitution may affect the updating of the Glonas satellite group, which currently works mainly for the Russian Ministry of Defense. It is said that the Glonas satellite system will not fully use domestic electronic components until 2030. At this rate of development, no breakthrough technology can be mentioned. Over the past 10 years, Russia has been unable to launch satellite systems for high-precision geodesy.
Military expert Yuri Netkachev pointed out: For more than 20 years, the Russian army has been stagnating in the development of satellites for discovering space rocket launches. Only a few photographic and electronic reconnaissance satellites have been put into orbit. And NATO countries and the United States already have more than 100. In this case, the expert believes, for Russia, the threat of Star Wars is increasing.
Source: Responsible Editor of Reference Message Network: Wang Xu_NBJS8023