Netease Technologies News April 16, VentureBeat reported that EU member states have officially approved a comprehensive reform of copyright rules to protect content creators. But critics and technology giants argue that some of these provisions will greatly affect freedom of speech on the Internet.
These rules were adopted by the European Parliament in March, but they still need final approval from member governments before they can enter into force. Opponents had hoped to make a final effort to oppose the bill, but 19 of the 28 EU member states voted for it, which meant that it was passed by their governments.
Jean-Claude Juncker, chairman of the European Commission, said in a statement: Through todays agreement, we are working on copyright rules that are suitable for the digital age. Europe will now have clear legal provisions to guarantee fair remuneration for creators, protect the rights and interests of users, and promote the platform to assume responsibility. The completion of copyright reform has finally improved the European digital market jigsaw.
The controversy over the EU Copyright Directive has lasted for many years. There are two main controversies: the first is Rule 11, which requires websites to pay publishers fees to display copyright content, which is called link tax. The second is rule 13, the so-called upload filter, which makes the digital platform liable for any infringement on its platform.
Critics say smaller competitors will not be able to afford compliance costs, and larger platforms may be too cautious to limit their ability to publish and share content.
But creators and artists are pushing for these reforms because they say that platforms such as Google and Facebook use their work to create a duopoly in online advertising, and they are barely rewarded.
Despite a lot of lobbying by the opponents, the European Parliament passed the new EU Copyright Directive by 348 votes to 274. Today, 19 countries voted for reform, including France and Germany, while Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland and Sweden voted against it. Later this year, the new copyright rules will be published in official EU magazines.
Since then, member states have had 24 months to adopt the directive and translate it into national legislation. As details are submitted to parliaments, opponents may launch new efforts to prevent them from becoming official laws of countries. (small)
Source: Responsible Editor of Netease Science and Technology Report: Wang Fengzhi_NT2541