Only by abolishing the bonus points, can we really implement school physical education and aesthetic education. It is no longer a person with excellence or expertise to learn, but everyone must learn. On April 15, at a briefing on the development of aesthetic education reform held by the Ministry of Education, Wang Dengfeng, Director of the Department of Sports Health and Art Education of the Ministry of Education, said that the current utilitarian tendency of aesthetic education is closely related to the educational evaluation system.
Wang Dengfeng also said that before the end of this year, the Ministry of Education will launch the Opinions on the Reform and Development of School Physical Education in the New Era to accelerate the completion of the shortcomings of physical education and aesthetic education, and to clarify the proper position of school physical education and aesthetic education in the educational evaluation system.
Unvalued Aesthetic Education in Schools
Playing, singing, painting, dancing... In many peoples impression, this is the meaning of school aesthetic education. To this end, Wang Dengfeng said that these are only aesthetic education in science and technology ability requirements. Real school aesthetic education not only includes these, but also has more important comprehensive educational function.
In 2015, the State Council issued Opinions on Enhancing and Improving School Aesthetic Education Work in an All-round Way, which clearly pointed out that aesthetic education is a weak link in the whole educational cause, mainly manifested in some places and schoolsinadequate understanding of the function of aesthetic education, the phenomenon of coping with, crowding out and stopping aesthetic education classes still exists; the allocation of resources is not up to the standard, and there is still a large shortage of teachers.
Since then, a number of documents have been issued to guide people to re-examine and practice the educational value of school aesthetic education.
Everyone knows that physical education is short board, but aesthetic education is shorter than physical education. On April 15, Wang Dengfeng said at the press conference that the schools aesthetic education conditions, teaching staff and the construction of art venues should be improved with great efforts.
According to the data released by the Ministry of Education, in 2008, the rate of reaching the national standard of art equipment in primary schools was only 45.6%, while that in junior middle schools was 59.8%. In 2008, the number of aesthetic education teachers in compulsory education was 434,100.
Over the past decade, the allocation of aesthetic equipment and facilities have improved. According to the latest data released by the Ministry of Education, the national primary school art equipment compliance rate increased to 93.8% in 2018, to 95.5% in junior middle schools, and to 717,000 aesthetic education teachers in the compulsory education stage in 2018.
In the construction of teachers, the Ministry of Education has recently introduced the Measures for the Management of Part-time Teachers in School Physical Education. Wang Dengfeng said that as a transition, this method can not be matched with aesthetic education teachers at once, but it can be used as a part-time teacher. Teachers of other subjects in the industry or even in schools can be invited to teach children art courses, such as non-hereditary successors, teachers of art academies, etc. Various ways to change the shortage of teachers.
Wang Dengfeng introduced that before the end of this year, the Ministry of Education will also launch the Opinions on the Reform and Development of School Physical Education and Aesthetic Education in the New Era to accelerate the completion of the shortcomings of physical education and aesthetic education, and to clarify the proper position of school physical education and aesthetic education in the educational evaluation system.
The Utilitarianization Problem of Aesthetic Education to be Solved
In the Opinions on Enhancing and Improving School Aesthetic Education Work in an All-round Way, it has been clearly mentioned that there are problems in school Aesthetic Education, such as emphasizing examination-oriented quality, emphasizing minority over all, emphasizing competition over popularization. These problems all point to the utilitarian tendency of school aesthetic education.
Previously, sports specialty students belonged to one of the national college entrance examination plus points items, and there were also literary specialty students and other plus points items in some areas. Sports and aesthetic education have become a shortcut for some students and parents, which also leads to the emergence of various disorders in the process of entrance examination.
Wang Dengfeng said that the phenomenon of utilitarianism of aesthetic education appeared because the share of aesthetic education and the basic role it should play in the educational evaluation system were not fully reflected. Only by changing the educational evaluation system and taking aesthetic education as an important indicator of educational evaluation can this situation be fundamentally reversed.
In the Opinions on the Implementation of Deepening the Reform of the Examination Enrollment System issued by the State Council in 2014, it was pointed out that from 2015, the additional points for specialty students such as sports and arts will be cancelled. In March 2018, the Ministry of Education issued the Notice on Enrollment Work in Universities and Colleges in 2018, which will completely abolish the national college entrance examination plus points including sports specialty students.
Wang Dengfeng said that only by abolishing the bonus points, can we really implement the schools physical education and aesthetic education. It is no longer a person with excellence or expertise to learn, but everyone must learn. To solve the utilitarian problem of aesthetic education, we must regard aesthetic education as the content that everyone must learn, test and evaluate, occupy the proper position in the evaluation of studentspromotion and comprehensive development, and as an important index to evaluate the performance of schools and local governments.
At the same time, the solution of these problems has certain complexity. Wang Dengfeng said that when it comes to the evaluation system of aesthetic education, we should first face the issue of fairness. At present, the development of aesthetic education in different regions and schools is very unbalanced. The policy can not require that aesthetic education be regarded as the basis of childrens entrance to school in areas where there are few opportunities to access high-level aesthetic education. Therefore, we can only step by step, step by step to improve, take measures to implement the basic requirements of opening up a full aesthetic education curriculum, matching and strengthening aesthetic education teachers, and solve the utilitarian problem of aesthetic education in development.
Source: Shi Jianlei_NBJ11331, responsible editor of Beijing News