Recently, there has been a heated discussion on the 996 working system.
996 working system refers to working at 9:00 a.m., leaving at 9:00 p.m., and working six days a week. This argument stems from the Internet industry, where overtime is a serious phenomenon. Programmers have even launched a counterattack against todays 996, tomorrows ICU.
In response, Ma Yun, chairman of Alibabas board of directors, said 996 was a great blessing; Liu Qiangdong, chairman of Jingdongs board of directors, said he could still work 8116 + 8 (from 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. Monday to Saturday and 8 hours on Sunday).
However, their statements quickly aroused considerable controversy.
For scientific researchers, high-intensity work is common.
Teaching, scientific research, projects and all kinds of tedious daily work often keep scientific researchers busy. Not to mention 996, even 711 (7 a.m. to 11 p.m. and 7 days a week) is common.
As early as 2012, Professor Wang Xianwen of Dalian University of Technology and others analyzed the working hours of scientists in various countries by monitoring the download of scientific papers on Springer.
The conclusions are as follows: 1) Scientists basically have no weekends; 2) Scientists in the United States, Germany and China work at weekends at 68%, 64% and 77% of their usual intensity; 3) Scientists basically do not work at all.
In 2016, a survey of 12869 readers by Nature Magazine showed that about 40% of people work more than 60 hours a week, and nearly 10% work more than 80 hours a week.
However, many people engage in scientific research, more out of interest, so busy at the same time also enjoy the achievements and satisfaction of high-intensity work.
Shi Yigong, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and professor of Tsinghua University, once said on the Science Web blog that all successful scientists have something in common, that is, they must spend a lot of time and effort. This is a truth. In fact, no matter what kind of profession in society, if you want to be the best in this industry, you have to spend more time than ordinary people.
Later in the postgraduate period, my hard work in the laboratory was well known.
In my post-doctoral years in New York, it was the hardest two years of my life. Every night, I did experiments until about 3 oclock in the middle of the night, and it was often after 4 oclock when I went back to my place to lie down and sleep. But every morning at 8 oclock, I was awakened by the noise of cars on New York First Avenue outside the window and returned to my lab around 9 oclock to start a new day. Three meals a day are served in the laboratory at 9 a.m., 3 p.m. and 9 p.m. and 10 p.m. This rhythm of life lasts for 11 days. From Monday to Friday of the second week, I go back to my home in Baltimore by Greyhound coach on Friday night. I sleep for nearly 10 hours every day for two days on weekends to make up for the serious sleep loss in the past 11 days. Monday morning starts the next 11 days of struggle.
So what do researchers think of high-intensity work and 996?
Ji Yang (Research Fellow, Semiconductor Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences):
Active 996 is virtue, passive 996 is vulgarity.
For the 996 work system, two sentences are enough: active 996 is a personal choice, may be a virtue; passive 996 is bullying others by force, it must be vulgar.
The same applies to academia. Scientific research is also a kind of social activity or social labor, but the specific ways of labor are different.
Yu Hailiang (Professor, Central South University):
Not enough spelling, sooner or later will be left behind
Young University teachers, especially themselves, need to teach undergraduate courses seriously. On the one hand, they need to strive for scientific research projects and support the team. On the other hand, they need to write academic papers patents. If they do not spell enough, they will be left behind sooner or later. Personally, I dont think there are many 996 jobs.
Li Mingyang (Doctor of Nanjing Forestry University):
I cant remember when I last went to the cinema.
More than 996? The same is true of Bo Tuo. In the era of change, specialties need to be adjusted, courses need to be reformed, water courses need to be turned into gold subjects, mu-class teaching, flip-flop classes, and teaching reform makes people exhausted.
Undergraduate teaching, postgraduate teaching, doctoral and foreign students teaching, painstaking. Undergraduate thesis, postgraduate essay, dissertation, journal review paper, award review, academic lecture, occupied all the spare time. Its not worrying to finish the research project, prepare the application project and evaluate the project. The headache is the rising annual performance appraisal. Papers, topics and performance have become the whole content of life.
Just over 50 years old, his hair is white, his waist is hunched and his eyes are dazzled. I cant remember the year when I last went to the cinema. The American blockbuster I bought many years ago has been unreadable because I havent seen it for a long time.
Sui Yi (alias, young teacher of Overseas Chinese University):
My working hours are 996.5.
As far as I know, the vast majority of Internet companies are implementing the 996 working system, which is clearly in violation of the Labor Law, but it has become a common rule in the industry, and vulnerable employees can only bear it silently.
Although full-time university teachers do not sit in class, of course, there is no so-called 996 working system, but because of the particularity of the work of teachers, their working hours may be longer, especially the green pepper group.
Taking myself as an example, my working hours can be counted as 996.5, and I also have 0.5 days off on normal weekends, and I dont have much time off during holidays. The reason why I work overtime on my own initiative is because of the pressure of life. In a word, it is illegal to implement the 996 working system against personal will. It should not be advocated, let alone become the prevailing rule in the industry.
Feng Mi (alias, young teacher of a university in Beijing):
Feeling like preparing lessons every day, I dont know what to do with scientific research.
As a green pepper, I feel too tired! How exploitative!
It took a whole weekend and three days on Monday to prepare two 45-minute classes. This year, there are four lessons a week. I feel that I am preparing lessons every day and I cant rest on holidays. I dont know what to do with my scientific research.
Cai Ning (Associate Professor, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications):
Returning to school and reading a blog is to get rid of the magic spell of 996.
Twenty years ago, after my masters degree, I worked as a programmer for five years. At that time, working in the company, although not as exaggerated as 996, but the style is similar. Colleagues around never leave work on time. I dont want to stay for more than two hours. Im too embarrassed to leave.
I think this model will seriously damage peoples creativity, so only low-end repetitive work can improve productivity. Sitting in a one-day class, peoples passion, interest and willpower are all exhausted, and most of the time is spent in grinding foreign workers and doing things. Over time, the whole person became numb. Therefore, I have no hesitation to return to the campus to study for a doctorate, in order to get rid of the magic of 996!
Scientific research is a very complicated high-end mental work, and we must not simply apply the time-consuming model. Excellent state of scientific research, I think the emphasis is on a nourishment word, which needs to be immersed in the enrichment of healthy material and spiritual material to nourish slowly, form a virtuous circle, and gradually improve self-cultivation.
Therefore, we should avoid excessive fatigue, especially anxiety. To do scientific research work, the time arrangement must be flexible, and some more time should be set aside to think. Some researchers seem to be slow-paced or even a little lazy, but they have achieved a lot; others seem to be tight, but they have no high-quality results. This dialectical truth, in two idioms, is haste makes waste and sharpening knives makes no mistake in chopping firewood.
Liu Yang (Doctor of Computer Science, graduated from Guangdong University of Technology):
Every person who reads a blog has this state of stress.
Recently, it was pointed out that 996 enterprises are mainly mental and labor-intensive Internet enterprises. Simply increasing the working hours and intensity may not necessarily improve the productivity of enterprises. On the other hand, in some manufacturing industries where manual labor is relatively intensive, it is because of the increase in output requirements and long working hours, but people pay for overtime work. So some Internet companies put forward 996, this strategy can be more understood as disguised layoffs, evasion of responsibility or creating a sense of crisis under economic pressure; more is a gesture expression.
Researchers also do brainpower-intensive work, and there may be long-term work regardless of time and place; but in the scientific research system, most of them are relatively free, except for a few teams which force them to take classes and punch cards individually.
When I read the blog, busy time is 7 x 24, there are relatively relaxed time. It must have been busy, laborious and stressful at that time. Everyone who read it had such a state of stress. Looking back now, I wont feel so sad. Its also a memorable and progressive experience.
Sweeping priest (knows netizens):
Working nearly 80 hours a week, but not much effective time
I used to go back from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. every day, minus meal time. The laboratory stayed for almost 12 hours. I seldom went out on weekends. The basic laboratory stayed for two days. It was a typical diligent research dog. Its nearly 80 hours a week, which looks more terrible than Internet companies.
In fact, although time is used a lot, but the effective time is not much, including brushing mobile phones, stunned, sleeping, all occupy a lot of time, and a considerable part of the other time is not very efficient, about four hours a day can be very efficient is not bad.
I made a statistic about the workload of four hours a day, which basically accounts for 90% of the work of the day. (There is no statistic for other unquantifiable items, such as potential capacity improvement). So the conclusion is that four hours a day is really efficient, plus one or two hours of summary thinking is enough. 09 is a name (know friends): If the environment is right, people will involuntarily invest in those who I have met 996 diligent people, often with a kind of unbeaten momentum, but also their own love for scientific research, or some have never considered enthusiasm and give up, 996 and hard work as a normal and part of life. The environment of scientific research is very important. This environment does not refer to instruments, but more to people. Are there people around you who work together, are there goals you want to learn and surpass, and are there people around you who inspire and push you forward? If the environment is right, people will involuntarily invest. Source: Editor-in-Charge of Science Network: Wang Fengzhi_NT2541
I made a statistic about the workload of four hours a day, which basically accounts for 90% of the work of the day. (There is no statistic for other unquantifiable items, such as potential capacity improvement). So the conclusion is that four hours a day is really efficient, plus one or two hours of summary thinking is enough.
Its a name.
If the environment is right, people will involuntarily invest in it.
Those who I have met in 996 are always with a kind of unyielding enthusiasm, but also their own love of scientific research, or some never consider enthusiasm and give up, and regard 996 and hard work as normal and part of life.
The environment of scientific research is very important. This environment does not refer to instruments, but more to people. Are there people around you who work together, are there goals you want to learn and surpass, and are there people around you who inspire and push you forward? If the environment is right, people will involuntarily invest.