[Global Times reporter Guo Yuandan Wang Huicong] The United States and Russia are ready to launch negotiations to extend the Treaty between the United States and Russia on Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START Treaty). US Secretary of State Pompeo said Wednesday that China should also accede to the treaty at the next stage. In response, Lu Hong, spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, said at a regular press conference on November 11 that Chinas nuclear policy remains highly stable and transparent, which in itself is an important contribution to the cause of international nuclear disarmament.
The new START treaty, which expires in 2021, limits the number of U.S. and Russian nuclear warheads to much lower levels than during the Cold War, AFP reported on Wednesday. Unlike the Guidance Treaty, which the United States and Russia have ceased to implement successively, Pompeo said on the 10th that the two countries have shown a great degree of compliance with the new START Treaty, and Trump has made it clear that if we can get a good and solid arms control agreement, we should get it. Pompeos statement was made at a hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Chinese missile expert and nuclear arms control expert Professor Yang Chengjun told Global Times on November 11 that the United States and Russia signed the treaty in 2010. The core content of the treaty is that the two sides should not have more than 700 launch vehicles and no more than 1550 nuclear warheads. The greatest significance of this treaty is to restrict both sides in terms of political influence and quantity of weapons. Yang Chengjun said that, in fact, the control of the number of launch vehicles and nuclear warheads is reversible, especially the so-called reduction of nuclear warheads is only a change of technical status, but not a real destruction.
As part of the treaty, we also need to ensure that all parties involved are involved... If we are talking about nuclear capabilities that pose a risk to the United States, the world today is not the same as it used to be. When Senator Merkely asked whether Pompeo meant China, he gave a positive answer, saying that the rising Asian power had expanded its nuclear program. The Capitol Hill newspaper said that Chinas nuclear warheads are far fewer than the 1550 required by the treaty.
The new START treaty is an important bilateral nuclear disarmament arrangement. China hopes that the treaty will be extended smoothly to promote international peace and security. Lu Hong, spokesman for Chinas Foreign Ministry, said on November 11 that China has always pursued the policy of not being the first to use nuclear weapons, has always advocated the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons, and will continue to maintain its nuclear forces at the lowest level required for national security.
Yang Chengjun believes that the core purpose of the U.S. proposal is to restrict the development of Chinas self-defense capability, but China cannot accede to the treaty. From a historical point of view, this is a bilateral treaty between the United States and Russia, and China will not accede to it halfway. Moreover, the reality of China is different from that of the United States and Russia. They are the worlds super nuclear powers, and the number of Chinese nuclear weapons is not on the same order of magnitude as that of them at all. Yang Chengjun said that all along, China has adopted a limited and effective nuclear policy of restraint and development.
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