Today, a military coup broke out in Sudan, and President Bashir, who has been in power for 30 years, has stepped down. Around 8 p.m. Beijing time, First Vice President and Defense Minister Awad announced in a televised speech that Bashir had been arrested; the country entered a three-month state of emergency; and the military would set up a transitional committee to take over power for two years.
After the independence of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan lost nearly half of its oil resources. Since the end of 2017, Sudans economic crisis has become more and more serious, with food prices rising and inflation. In December last year, demonstrations broke out in several cities, and many initiatives of President Omar al-Bashir, who has been in power for 30 years, have failed.
Sudanese Defense Minister: President Bashir, who has been in power for 30 years, has been arrested (Source:)
The military will form a transitional Military Commission
Reuters said the Sudanese army entered Khartoum on the morning of November 11, local time, and occupied the national television station.
Earlier, Sudanese National Television said that the Sudanese Armed Forces would soon issue an important statement, but did not provide further details. During this period, TV stations repeatedly broadcast military music and national songs, repeating Please wait for the important declaration of the armed forces coming.
At 2 p.m. local time (20 p.m. Beijing time), the televised speech finally arrived. Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf, Sudans first vice president and defence minister, delivered a nationwide television address announcing the dissolution of the Sudanese government and the ouster and arrest of President Bashir. The country has entered a three-month state of emergency. The military will take over power from the Transitional Council for two years.
Sudanese First Vice President and Defense Minister Awad delivered a televised speech (source: CNN screenshot)
The Sudanese News Agency (SUNA) said that the Sudanese Intelligence Agency had announced the release of all political prisoners.
According to eyewitnesses, the army controlled the presidential palace, the Ministry of Defense building, the main roads and bridges in the city. Thousands of citizens took to the streets and shouted slogans against Bashir. Thousands of citizens gathered outside the Ministry of Defense to demonstrate against the Bashir government, and the protestors shouted, It fell, we won!
Earlier, Sudanese government sources said that Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir had resigned and was currently in consultation to form a transitional committee to govern the country.
Adel Mahjoub Hussein, Minister of Production and Economic Resources of Northern Darfur, told Jordans al-Hadath television station that after President Bashir resigns, a Military Commission will be formed to take over power.
Sources confirmed that, and told Reuters that 75-year-old President Bashir had been heavyguard and placed under house arrest in the presidential palace.
On April 11, citizens of Khartoum went to the Ministry of Defense to wait for military news (source: Oriental IC)
Saudi Arabiya television quoted unconfirmed sources earlier that Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf, deputy to Bashir, Sudans first vice president and defence minister, would set up an interim committee with military support.
Al-Sadeeq Sadiqal-Mahdi, the son of opposition leaders, was also quoted as saying that President Al-Sadeeq and Muslim Brotherhood leaders were under house arrest at the same time.
Agence France-Presse said the organizers of the protests called on the public not to destroy government buildings and private property.
Schematic map of oil fields and facilities in South and North Sudan. China recognized the independence of South Sudan on July 9, 2011 and established diplomatic relations with South Sudan.
The Status Quo of Sudan after Losing Oil
According to public information, the former Sudan region was occupied by Egypts Muhammad Ali in the 19th century, and later became the Anglo-Egyptian co-management of Sudan, and became the Republic of Sudan in 1956.
From 1956 to 1972, 1983 to 2005, two civil wars broke out successively in South and North Sudan. Eventually, the two sides signed the Comprehensive Peace Treaty in 2005 and established the Southern Sudan Autonomous Government. In 2011, the referendum on independence of South Sudan was passed by 98.83% and declared independence on July 9, 2011. 56% of the original oil reserves of the Republic of Sudan were assigned to South Sudan.
After the independence of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan lost most of its oil resources and the main source of foreign exchange income, resulting in a huge fiscal deficit and a difficult economic and social development, Xinhua said. Since October 2017, the plight of Sudan has become more and more serious. The Central Bank has twice lowered the exchange rate of its own currency against the United States dollar, the Sudanese pound continued to depreciate, food shortage and fuel shortage nationwide.
In response to Sudans economic difficulties, Sudanese President Bashir convened an emergency meeting of the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) on September 9, 2018, and decided to dissolve the Government of National Unity and reorganize the Cabinet.
However, the results are not satisfactory. As the economic situation continues to deteriorate and other factors intensify, demonstrations broke out in several cities in Sudan in December 2018.
On February 22 this year, Bashir declared a one-year state of emergency in Sudan and said he would dissolve the central and local governments. Bashir also suggested that Parliament postpone the adoption of a constitutional amendment that would allow him to run for president again in 2020.
In his speech at that time, Bashir invited the opposition to join the reconciliation process, to discuss the problems facing the country, and on April 1, Bashir also said that all political prisoners would be released.
On February 22, 2019, Sudanese President Bashir declared a one-year state of emergency and said that the central and local governments would be disbanded (source: Visual China)
Sudanese President Bashir, who has been in power for 30 years
Omar Bashir, a former paratrooper, came to power in a military coup in 1989 and served as head of state, prime minister, army commander-in-chief and Minister of defense.
In 1993, Bashir was re-elected as President and re-elected in March 1996 and December 2000.
In July 2005, Bashir took office again, but the then constitutional amendment of Sudan stipulated that the next president could only serve two consecutive terms, after which Bashir was re-elected twice in April 2010 and in 2015.
Although Bashir has repeatedly stated that he does not seek to run for president in 2020, at the end of 2018, the Sudanese Parliament intends to adopt a new constitutional amendment to extend a presidential term so that Bashir can run for president in 2020.
In March 2009, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Bashir on suspicion of war crimes, crimes against humanity (Darfur) and other charges, which was condemned by Sudan and other African countries. In 2015, the International Criminal Court asked South Africa, the host country, to arrest him during Bashirs attendance at the 25th AU Summit, which South Africa rejected.
Source: Observer Network Responsible Editor: Li Wan_B11284