The Ministry of Education calls for a significant improvement in aesthetic and humanistic qualities of college students in 2022

category:Global
 The Ministry of Education calls for a significant improvement in aesthetic and humanistic qualities of college students in 2022


According to the website of the Ministry of Education, recently, the Ministry of Education issued Opinions on Strengthening Aesthetic Education Work in Colleges and Universities in the New Era (hereinafter referred to as Opinions), which put forward clear requirements for the reform and development of Aesthetic Education in Colleges and Universities in the New Era, so that the work of Aesthetic Education in Colleges and Universities can be guided by rules and regulations, in order to build an overall education system of moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic labor, and form a higher level of The talent training system provides an important guarantee.

The Opinion points out that school aesthetic education is Bacons Soul-Building work. Improving studentsaesthetic and humanistic qualities and Comprehensively Strengthening and improving aesthetic education are the important tasks of higher education at present and in the future. The Opinions is divided into four parts and 14 articles, which put forward clear requirements for guiding ideology, basic principles, overall objectives, key tasks, main measures and organizational guarantee of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities. The Opinion stresses that aesthetic education in Colleges and universities should focus on the reform and development of art education, closely around the three key areas of universal art education, professional art education and art teacher education, vigorously strengthen and improve the teaching of aesthetic education, build and strengthen the teaching staff of aesthetic education, deepen the reform of aesthetic education, promote cultural heritage and innovation, and enhance the ability to serve the society, and comprehensively strengthen the level of aesthetic education and teaching. Organizational guarantee should effectively change the weak situation of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities, follow the characteristics of aesthetic education, carry forward the spirit of Chinese aesthetic education, educate people with aesthetics, beautify people with aesthetics, and cultivate socialist builders and successors with all-round development of morality, intelligence, physical fitness and aesthetic labor.

Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, thanks to the joint efforts of various regions and departments concerned, the work of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities has made gratifying progress. The orientation of aesthetic education has become more prominent, the structural layout has been continuously optimized, the curriculum construction has been steadily promoted, the activities of aesthetic education are rich and colorful, and the guarantee of resources has continued to improve. However, the work of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities is not compatible with the requirements of current educational reform and development, with the construction of a comprehensive training system of moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic workers, and with meeting the expectations of young students for high-quality and rich aesthetic education resources. Local governments and universities have expressed the hope that the Ministry of Education will issue a policy document on Aesthetic Education in Colleges and universities in the new era, and put forward clear requirements for the reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities in the new era.

In the process of developing Opinions, the Ministry of Education organized expert groups to conduct all-round, multi-channel and multi-form surveys on the development of aesthetic education reform in Colleges and universities throughout the country through questionnaires, interviews with university leaders and aesthetic education functional departments, and in-depth field surveys in Colleges and universities. The basic status of the exhibition, summarized the main achievements and experience of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities around the world, searched for the main problems existing in the current reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities, and provided an important reference for the development of documents.

After the publication of the Opinions, the aesthetic education front in Colleges and universities, especially in Colleges and universities, has aroused strong repercussions. The majority of principals and teachers generally believe that the Opinions have insisted on the important exposition of General Secretary Biao Xi Jinping on education and the requirements of the spirit of the National Education Congress, adhered to the correct direction, adhered to all-round orientation, adhered to reform and innovation, and further deepened the comprehensive reform of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities for the new era. Reform and development have injected new impetus.

Responsible Officer of Sports Health and Art Education Department of Ministry of Education Answers JournalistsQuestions on Opinions on Effectively Strengthening Aesthetic Education in Colleges and Universities in the New Era

In order to comprehensively strengthen and improve the aesthetic education in Colleges and universities in the new era, and effectively improve the aesthetic and humanistic qualities of students, the Ministry of Education recently issued Opinions on Strengthening the Aesthetic Education Work in Colleges and Universities in the New Era (hereinafter referred to as Aesthetic Education Opinions in Colleges and Universities). In this regard, the head of the Department of Sports Health and Art Education of the Ministry of Education answered the reporters questions.

1. What is the background and significance of formulating and promulgating Aesthetic Education Opinions of Colleges and Universities?

A: Beauty is an important source of pure morality and rich spirit. The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the work of aesthetic education, and the central leadership has made important instructions on the work of school aesthetic education many times. The publication of Aesthetic Education Opinions in Colleges and Universities is mainly based on the following considerations:

First, we should implement the major decisions of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. General Secretary Xi Jinpings important speech at the National Education Congress and his important reply letter to the old professor of the Central Academy of Fine Arts have made major arrangements for strengthening and improving the schools aesthetic education in an all-round way. At the two sessions this year, when the General Secretary first visited the members of the literary and artistic circles who participated in the CPPCC meeting, he put forward that cultural and artistic work belongs to Bacons soul-casting work, pointing out the way forward for the schools aesthetic education work and providing a fundamental follow-up. It is an important task for higher education at present and in the future to fully implement the fundamental task of establishing morality and cultivating people, comprehensively promote the reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities in the new era, and vigorously cultivate new people who are responsible for national rejuvenation. The requirements of the National Education Congress and the Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Strengthening and Improving Aesthetic Education in Schools in an All-round Way need to be further recognized and deepened.

The second is to consolidate the good situation formed by the reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities. Aesthetic education in Colleges and universities is an important part of the school aesthetic education system and an important part of higher education. It is directly related to the fundamental issue of who to train, how to train and for whom to train. It is also an important basis for building an overall education system of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetic and labor training and for forming a higher level of personnel training system. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the work of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities has made gratifying progress. The orientation of aesthetic education has become more prominent, the structure layout has been continuously optimized, the curriculum construction has been steadily promoted, the activities of aesthetic education have been rich and colorful, and the guarantee of resources has continued to improve. However, the work of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities is still a weak link in higher education. In order to maintain and consolidate the good momentum of the development of aesthetic education, it is necessary to redesign and further promote the strengthening and improvement of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities.

Third, we should solve the main problems facing the development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities. Generally speaking, the work of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities is not compatible with the requirements of the current educational reform and development, with the construction of a comprehensive training system of moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic workers, and with meeting the expectations of the majority of young students for high-quality and rich aesthetic education resources. There are some problems, such as incomplete understanding, inaccurate grasp of laws, inadequate development, and incomplete mechanism. Good and other issues. Only by solving these problems can we provide an important guarantee for the construction of an overall education system of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetic and labor training and the formation of a higher level of personnel training system. In the process of investigation, local governments and universities have reported that in the 1990s, the State Education Commission issued opinions on strengthening art education in Colleges and universities, but the current situation has changed. It is hoped that the Ministry of Education will issue a policy document on Aesthetic Education in Colleges and universities in the new era, and put forward clear requirements for the reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities in the new era, so that the work of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities can be based on evidence and rules.

2. Please introduce the development process of Aesthetic Education Opinions in Colleges and Universities.

Answer: The development of Aesthetic Education Opinions in Colleges and Universities has mainly gone through three stages.

The first stage is to carry out a comprehensive survey of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities. Adhering to the goal orientation and problem orientation, since 2018, through questionnaires on the development of aesthetic education reform in general colleges and universities throughout the country, conducting research seminars for university leaders and functional departments of aesthetic education, conducting in-depth field research in Colleges and universities, and conducting comprehensive, multi-channel and multi-form research on specialized art colleges and higher art normal education. This paper comprehensively grasps the basic situation of the development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities throughout the country, comprehensively summarizes the main achievements and experiences of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities all over the country, comprehensively finds out the main problems existing in the current reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities, and provides an important reference for the development of documents.

The second stage is to set up a research and development working group to draft documents. A research and development working group composed of aesthetic experts from universities and educational research institutions, cadres from educational administrative departments and presidents of colleges and universities has been set up. This paper combs the relevant policy documents in an all-round way, combines the previous research reports and data, deeply analyses the new situation facing the development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities, and drafts the manuscript. After repeated polishing, several drafts were changed, and a draft for comments was formed in November 2018.

The third stage is to seek opinions extensively and constantly improve the text. For Tsinghua University, Peking University, Tianjin University and other comprehensive universities, the Central Academy of Fine Arts, the Central Academy of Drama and the Central Conservatory of Music, Beijing Normal University, Northeast Normal University, Capital Normal University, Hangzhou Normal University, Beijing Aeronautics and Astronautics University, North China Electric Power University, Northwest Polytechnic University and other technical colleges, it is widely used. Ask for advice. According to the opinions of colleges and universities, they should be revised and perfected one by one. In March 2019, it was approved by the 9th Party Group Meeting of the Ministry of Education.

3. What is the general requirement of Aesthetic Education Opinions of Colleges and Universities?

Answer: The guiding ideology of Aesthetic Education Opinions in Colleges and Universities is to take Xi Jinpings socialist thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era as the guide, carry out the Partys educational policy in an all-round way, adhere to the guiding position of Marxism, adhere to the socialist education development path with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the socialist direction of running schools, adhere to the guidance of morality, carry out the fundamental task of building up morality and cultivating people, and lead students to establish correctness. True aesthetic conception, noble moral sentiment, good soul moulding, change the weak situation of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities, follow the characteristics of aesthetic education, carry forward the spirit of Chinese aesthetic education, cultivate socialist builders and successors with all-round development of morality, intelligence, physical fitness and aesthetic labor by aesthetic education, beautifying people and cultivating dollars with beauty.

To strengthen aesthetic education in Colleges and universities in the new era, we must adhere to three principles: first, adhere to the correct direction. We should adhere to the socialist core values as the guide, carry forward the excellent traditional Chinese culture, inherit the revolutionary culture, develop the advanced socialist culture, and form a new face for college students to consciously enhance the consciousness of cultural subject and strengthen cultural responsibility. Second, we should adhere to the principle of facing the whole. Perfect and constantly improve the mechanism of aesthetic education for everyone in Colleges and universities, so that all students in schools have the opportunity to receive aesthetic education, and promote the organic integration of morality, intelligence, sports, beauty and labor. Strengthen the guidance of classification, adjust measures to local conditions, encourage the development of characteristics, and form a new situation of one school, many products. Third, we should persist in reform and innovation. We will deepen the comprehensive reform of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities, integrate aesthetic education resources, comprehensively improve the teaching quality of universal art education, effectively promote the reform and development of professional art education and art teacher education, and form a new pattern of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities full of vitality, multi-party cooperation, openness and efficiency.

Aesthetic Education Opinions of Colleges and Universities has determined the overall goal of the work. By 2022, aesthetic education in Colleges and universities has made breakthroughs, the reform of aesthetic education teaching has achieved remarkable results, the construction of teachers and facilities has been significantly strengthened, the promotion mechanism and evaluation system has been increasingly improved, and the aesthetic and humanistic qualities of College students have been significantly improved; by 2035, a diversified high-quality society with Chinese characteristics will be formed. The modern aesthetic education system of Institutes of higher learning.

4. Please introduce the features and highlights of the content of Aesthetic Education Opinions in Colleges and Universities.

Answer: The Aesthetic Education Opinions of Colleges and Universities includes four parts and 14 requirements. The main points are as follows:

One is to orientate the reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities. It is clear that aesthetic education in Colleges and universities should focus on the reform and development of art education, and strengthen and improve the teaching of aesthetic education closely around the three key areas of popularization of art education, professional art education and art normal education in Colleges and universities. Among them: ordinary colleges and universities should strengthen the universal art education for all students, improve the four in one promotion mechanism of curriculum teaching, practical activities, campus culture and art exhibition; innovate the training mode of artistic talents in professional art education; highlight the characteristics of normal education in art teachersspecialty of colleges and universities.

The second is to make policy for the reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities. Focusing on the functions of talent cultivation, scientific research, social service, cultural inheritance and innovation, international exchange and cooperation, this paper puts forward the main measures of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities from four aspects: strengthening the teaching staff of aesthetic education, deepening the reform of aesthetic education teaching, promoting cultural inheritance and innovation, and enhancing the ability level of serving the society. In terms of the construction of the teaching staff, it is proposed to match well with teachers of popular art education, optimize the structure of teachers of professional art education, strengthen the construction of teachers of art teachersspecialty, encourage colleges and universities to establish the evaluation system and evaluation mechanism of teachers professional titles which are in line with the characteristics of aesthetic education, and promote the integration of aesthetic education with moral education, intellectual education, physical education and labor education in Colleges and universities in terms of teaching reform. Combining professional teaching, social practice and innovative entrepreneurship education in various disciplines to promote collaborative innovation of aesthetic education; in promoting cultural heritage and innovation, it is proposed to promote the creative transformation and innovative development of excellent traditional Chinese culture, so that cultural relics collected in libraries and cultural and artistic heritage displayed on the ground can become abundant resources of school aesthetic education, and vigorously promote thematic artistic creation. In terms of enhancing the level of serving the society, it is proposed that aesthetic education in Colleges and universities should actively integrate into national and regional development strategies to serve the economic and social development, support colleges and universities to participate in aesthetic education in basic education, tap the social service functions of art venues in Colleges and universities, and deepen international human exchange and cooperation.

Thirdly, it is responsible for the reform and development of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities. To clarify the main responsibility of colleges and universities, emphasize that Party committees in Colleges and universities should play a leading and core role in aesthetic education. Universities should establish and improve the aesthetic education management institutions, and form a responsibility system of University Leadersresponsibility, division of labor among departments, and full staffs collaborative participation. To strengthen the overall coordination of local education, it is necessary for the administrative departments of local education to scientifically formulate the overall plan and policy measures for the aesthetic education work of local universities, scientifically allocate public resources, and guide and supervise the implementation of the objectives, tasks, policies and measures of the aesthetic education work in Colleges and universities. To ensure the funding of aesthetic education, colleges and universities are required to increase their investment in aesthetic education, encourage them to establish a multi-financing mechanism, strengthen the construction of art venues in Colleges and universities, and establish a supplementary mechanism of aesthetic equipment in Colleges and universities. To improve the evaluation, monitoring and supervision, it is proposed that the work and effect of aesthetic education should be incorporated into the evaluation index system of talent cultivation in Colleges and universities. As an important factor in the evaluation of running schools, the Ministry of Education will incorporate the work of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities and the teaching of public art courses into the scope of national education supervision.

5. What are the requirements of College Aesthetic Education Opinions for Universal Art Education?

Answer: First, we should standardize the construction of public art courses and textbooks. The revision of the National Guiding Plan for Public Art Courses in Universities requires universities to define the management institutions for popularizing art education, incorporate public art courses and art practices into the talent training program of universities, and implement credit system management. Only after each student has completed the credits of public art courses prescribed by schools, can he graduate. Colleges and universities are encouraged to actively explore the construction of public art curriculum system and cultivate and construct a number of high-quality aesthetic education courses according to the training characteristics of different professionals and the requirements of professional competence and quality.

Second, vigorously carry out art practice activities. Encourage schools to carry out colorful art practice activities according to local conditions, and actively explore and create art practice forms with characteristics of the times, campus, students and education.

Third, we should strengthen the construction of art associations in Colleges and universities. Strengthen efforts to excavate, select and train members of art troupes from ordinary students, and promote campus cultural activities. School art practice activities should involve most students and enjoy them.

6. In the construction of public art courses in Colleges and universities, the Aesthetic Education Opinion of Colleges and Universities puts forward that every student must complete the credits of public art courses prescribed by the school before graduation. Are there any specific requirements for credits here?

Answer: Opening public art courses and organizing and implementing teaching is one of the important promotion mechanisms of popularizing art education in Colleges and universities. As early as in 2006, the National Guidance Program for Public Art Courses in General Colleges and Universities issued by the General Office of the Ministry of Education clearly stated that every student should take at least one of the art-limited elective courses and pass the examination during his or her study in school. For institutions of higher learning with credit system, each student must obtain at least two credits through the study of art-limited elective courses; only those who have completed the required credits can graduate. This is the bottom line requirement for the credits of public art courses in Colleges and universities. This Aesthetic Education Opinions of Colleges and Universities combined with the development situation, once again emphasizes the credit of public art courses. According to the actual situation, schools should better promote the construction of credit differentiation of public art courses in Colleges and universities on the premise of ensuring the requirements of the bottom line. Conditional colleges and universities can put forward higher credit objectives on this basis. In the Opinions, it is also mentioned that the Ministry of Education will revise the National Guidance Plan for Public Art Courses in Universities and Colleges to strengthen the standardization, institutionalization and scientificalization of the construction of public art courses in Colleges and universities in the new era.

7. What are the requirements of the Aesthetic Education Opinions of Colleges and Universities for professional art education?

Answer: First, optimize the distribution of disciplines and specialties. This paper puts forward the goal of laying stress on the connotation construction, highlighting the characteristics of running a school, further optimizing the distribution of disciplines and specialties, and building a diversified, characteristic and high-level professional system of art disciplines with Chinese style.

The second is to optimize professional settings. It is emphasized that specialty setting should be organically linked with discipline construction, industry development, social needs and art frontier, so as to enhance the compatibility between talent training and social and economic development, relying on the 20,000 plan of first-class specialty construction, and build a national first-class art specialty.

Third, improve the quality of personnel training. It is proposed that we should abide by the law of artistic talent training, promote the revision of professional talent training programs in Colleges and universities, thoroughly implement the national standards for teaching quality of art-related undergraduate courses in Colleges and universities and the teaching standards for major arts and culture majors in Higher Vocational schools, constantly improve the evaluation standards for artistic talents, strengthen the training of outstanding and top-notch artistic talents, and encourage and support artistic universities and comprehensiveness. Universities jointly carry out the reform of the training mode of artistic talents.

8. What are the requirements of the Aesthetic Education Opinions of Colleges and Universities for art teacher education?

Answer: First, improve the mechanism of education. Colleges and universities are required to firmly adhere to the orientation of running schools, the characteristics of teachers, the demand for services, and the strengthening of practical links. Relying on the excellent teacher training plan 2.0, colleges and universities are required to promote the reform of the talent training mode of art teachersspecialty, and to construct a cooperative training mechanism.

Second, deepen the pilot reform. Supporting colleges and universities to set up and run music education, art education, dance education, drama education, drama education, film and television education related specialties. We will build a number of pilot schools for the reform of teacherscolleges and universities, guide art teachers to continuously optimize the curriculum system and teaching content, improve teaching methods, and train high-quality professional and innovative aesthetic education teachers for basic education.

9. How to ensure the implementation of Aesthetic Education Opinions in Colleges and Universities?

A: One deployment and nine implementation. The Opinions on Aesthetic Education in Colleges and Universities put forward the basic principles and guiding opinions for strengthening the work of Aesthetic Education in Colleges and Universities in the new era. In order to ensure the implementation of the document, the document requires colleges and universities to formulate the implementation rules of the implementation opinions in accordance with the actual situation of the school, and incorporate them into the overall development plan of the school. The implementation rules of the affiliated colleges and universities shall be reported to the Ministry of Education before September 1, 2019. The educational administrative departments of provinces (districts and municipalities) should strengthen guidance, summarize the implementation rules of local universities, summarize the implementation situation in time, publicize work experience and promote advanced models.