Nanjing Massacre Historic Sites Alleged to be Poorly Protected Cultural Relics Bureau: Complex Reasons

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 Nanjing Massacre Historic Sites Alleged to be Poorly Protected Cultural Relics Bureau: Complex Reasons


However, some local residents found that some historical buildings in the site of Jiangnan Cement Plant had been neglected for many years, and were on the verge of collapse and destruction, facing a state of imminent loss. Many of the buildings listed in the protection have become dangerous houses, and the so-called protection has almost failed.

The old house in the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant is in disrepair. Pictures of this article surging news reporter Chen Ke

Luo Jinggang, deputy director of the Cultural Bureau of Qixia District, Nanjing, told Peng Mei News (www.thepaper.cn) recently that in the past few years, the Cultural Bureau of Qixia District and Nanjing New Investment Group (hereinafter referred to as New Group) of Jiangnan Cement Plant and its superior units have had many contacts on the renovation and protection of buildings in the Republic of China, and have also received notice of renovation. In 2017, they reported the matter to Nanjing Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics, after all, it involves municipal cultural protection units.

Relevant officials of Nanjing Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics told Pengfeng News that Jiangnan Cement Plant belongs to enterprises with state-owned backgrounds. There are legal and regulatory difficulties in the supervision of renovation and protection, and it also encounters practical constraints. Renovation funds are a big problem.

Wu Qining, Deputy Secretary of the New Labour Group Party Committee, told Peng Mei News that the Qixia District Government planned to levy the whole house in the Jiangnan Cement Plant area for overall planning, while the cultural relics renovation work could not be carried out until the overall planning of the area came out. However, at present, the house levy was stopped because of reports from the masses, and the renovation work could not be started until then.

The old house in the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant is in disrepair.

An old and out-of-repair insurance unit

At the eastern foot of Qixia Mountain lies Jiangnan Cement Plant, which covers more than 2,000 mu. Today, the plant is shaded by trees and has a quiet environment. However, seven or eighty years ago, there was a loud rumble of machines everyday.

Founded in 1935, it was the largest cement plant with the most advanced equipment and technology in China at that time. It was an important symbol enterprise in the history of Chinas cement industry.

It also experienced the baptism of war. During the Japanese invasion of Nanjing in 1937, German Karl Gent and Danish Engineer Benjal Sindberg also protected more than 30,000 Chinese refugees there. Sindberg also had a small refugee hospital in the factory. Robert Wilson, an American doctor at Drum Tower Hospital, came here to operate on the wounded. The clubs Little Yellow Tower and the Refugees Hospital in the area appeared in movies filmed by American pastor John Maggie recording the Japanese massacre atrocities. At present, there are also the former residences of Nanjing Holocaust Witness Gunter and his Japanese translator Yan Jinghe and others in the old factory site. ?

The statue of Sindberg

In addition, there are workershouses, clubs, primary schools and other buildings in the factory site, which constitute a group of typical buildings in the Republic of China. Because of these precious historical memories, in March 2012, the site of Jiangnan Cement Plant was announced as a cultural relic protection unit in Nanjing.

Recently, however, Nanjing citizens reported to the Pengfeng News that the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant had not been questioned for many years. Many of the buildings listed in the protection have become endangered houses and are on the verge of collapse, damage or disappearance. The so-called protection has basically failed.

Cultural relics are the carriers of history, through which people can recall and think about history. In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the protection of cultural relics. If we dont ask any more, these historic relics of world significance will disappear, and we will also make irreparable mistakes. Relevant experts on the protection of cultural relics told Pengchan News.

Pengmei journalists found that as early as 2016, Jiangsu TV Public News Channel had reported on this. At that time, the Chief of Cultural Relics Section of Qixia District Cultural Bureau said that the relevant plan would be issued soon, and the project had been reported to the municipal cultural relics department, which would carry out rescue maintenance for some buildings.

However, up to now, this commitment has not been fulfilled.

Pengmei News inquired that at the beginning of 2013, Nanjing Planning Bureau announced the Jiangnan Cement Plant Residential Style Area Protection Plan of the Republic of China. In April 2014, the Queen of Denmark visited Nanjing, accompanied by Sindbergs niece, returned to the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant. Through Xinhua Daily, Yangtze Evening News and other media, the relevant departments promised that after five years, Jiangnan Cement Plant would be transformed into a Republic of China Park, and that the river of the protection plant would be cleaned up, driving a flat boat (may) to review the history of Sindbergs rescue.

At that time, the media also reported that in the future, Jiangnan Cement Plant will be divided into three functional areas: Anti-Japanese War Cultural Historic Area, Republican Architectural Gathering Area and Industrial Heritage Protected Area, with mixed land for cultural exhibition and commercial hotels. The buildings of the Republic of China will be renovated according to their different status quo. The waterway will also be cleaned up, revetment repaired, and a 10-meter green belt will be planned on both sides to form a continuous River landscape. Our requirement is that in the future, the water should be able to cruise, tourists can boat around and enjoy the whole landscape area.

At present, these plans have not been implemented, Republic of China Park and Anti-Japanese War Exhibition Hall have not yet been traced.

Nowadays, many buildings in the old site are dilapidated, either without doors and windows, or without windows.

Pengchao reporters saw at the scene that the second old residence of Mr. and Mrs. Jingte was left with broken walls and dead leaves in front of the door without ankles. The club (two-storey cylindrical cone-topped small yellow building) that had kept Sindbergs photo album of Japanese atrocities was closed for years of disrepair. The old site of the small refugee hospital and the residence of the Republic of China, the roof collapsed, the doors and windows were broken, the floor was prized, and became a dangerous house. A number of signs were set up around the houses are in disrepair for a long time, please do not come close to the inside.

In addition, some experts said that there were many errors to be corrected in the historical building nameplate and bronze statue description included in the cultural relics protection, such as the wrong date of birth and death on the base of the bronze statue of Sindberg, and the name of Sindberg could not be taken as the name, that is, it could not be written as Sindberg or Bainhal Sindberg.

The old house in the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant is in disrepair. Fallen leaves have no ankles.

The old house in the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant is in disrepair. The doors and windows have been damaged.

The old house in the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant is in disrepair.

The Department of Cultural Protection says the reasons behind it are complex.

Over the years, the renovation and protection of the old site of Jiangnan Cement Plant has attracted the attention of all parties. But the surging news interviews found that, despite efforts made in the past few years to promote this work, up to now, there has been little progress. Relevant units said that the reasons behind it are more complex.

Luo Jinggang, deputy director of Qixia District Cultural Bureau, said that in the past few years, the Cultural Bureau had contacted Jiangnan Cement Plant and its superior New Group on the renovation and protection of the buildings of Jiangnan Cement Plant in the Republic of China, and had also issued renovation notices. It was reported to Nanjing Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics in 2017.

After all, its a municipal cultural security unit. If we cant deal with it, we report it to the municipal level. Luo said that after that, the Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics sent relevant letters to the New Group. In 2017, the relevant departments of Qixia District also held a meeting with the relevant leaders of New Group and Jiangnan Cement Plant to coordinate the renovation.

The new group is a large state-owned enterprise group in Nanjing city, and the Jiangnan Cement Plant is owned by Nanjing Chemical Construction Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Chemical Construction Group), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the new group. New Group was founded in 2012, shortly after that, many industrial units, including Jiangnan Cement Plant, were put under the management of New Group.

Wu Qining, Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of New Labour Investment Corporation, told Peng Mei News that in 2005, Jiangnan Cement Plant introduced Hong Kong capital, but then failed to operate and became a difficult enterprise, which was close to closure. Many workers have also been terminated to seek other jobs.

Wu said that after the evacuation of the workers, some houses have long been unoccupied and began to have problems and have been in disrepair for a long time. But the factory also attaches great importance to this issue, in July 16, 2016, a report was made to the Qixia District Cultural Bureau. At that time, several design units were found to make plans, but because of the complexity of cultural relics repair, involving many details, it was difficult to make progress until 2017.

In April of that year, Nanjing Planning Bureau held a planning meeting, inviting the relevant departments of Qixia District and the responsible persons of the new group and Nanjing Chemical Construction Industry (Group) Co., Ltd.

At that time, the previous five-year plan of Nanjing was coming to an end, and the city was looking at where it needed to be implemented, involving the Jiangnan Cement Plant. Wu Qining told Peng Mei News.

However, the meeting did not reach a decisive conclusion. Wu Qining said that at that time, each side had its own ideas on protection. Our basic idea is that its better to support a little capital. Its more difficult for enterprises to get together.

Zhang Ming, deputy director of Jiangnan Cement Plant, said that if it was to be repaired in an all-round way, it would require 450 million yuan of capital, which would be very difficult for an enterprise to bear losses all the year round. Generally speaking, if enterprises have money, repairing cultural relics will attract some tourists and increase their visibility, which is beneficial to the development of enterprises. We really couldnt do anything at that time. Zhang said that in the past ten years, Jiangnan Cement Plant has basically depended on the funds allocated by superior state-owned enterprises to survive.

Relevant responsible person of Nanjing Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics also told Peng Mei News that for non-state-owned and immovable cultural relics in the law of cultural relics, it was said that if the owner did not have the ability to repair them, the government would first pay for them, then the owner would pay for them, and if not, there would be a recourse mechanism. However, there are no relevant regulations on the state-owned non-movable cultural relics. It only says that the user is responsible for the repair and maintenance, but it does not explain how to do it when the user is unable to do so.

So there are many such cases in China. Many cultural relics are out of repair for a long time, and there are no responsible persons. Many of them are state-owned assets when you look behind them. The person in charge said, So now (Jiangnan Cement Plant) has to be repaired, but it will cost a lot of money. How to pay this money is a problem.

The person in charge of the analysis, for the new group, if it wants to fund repairs, will take into account the input-output problem, and if the government is asked for help, the government will have similar concerns, after all, not a small number. Although the state-owned assets are under the government, the two sides may not agree that money should be transferred from one pocket to another.

Whats more, there are problems of follow-up management and operation, the person in charge said, whether the latter can be well built, whether cultural relics can bring market returns, how to do tourism, and whether funds can keep pace with each other are all problems. After all, the local transportation of Jiangnan Cement Plant is not particularly convenient.

Qixia District Government has thought about introducing a private enterprise with experience in Tourism Management before, but it has not been implemented. Maybe the economy has been depressed in the past two years. People are unwilling to accept this offer, because the transformation of the surrounding areas may require more than 12 billion yuan. The person in charge said.

Jiangnan Cement Plant in Construction

Repair and protection work or turning point

However, it seems that there is a new breakthrough in the renovation and protection of Jiangnan Cement Plant and its superior departments.

Zhang Ming, deputy director of Jiangnan Cement Plant, told Peng Mei News that in the first half of 2017, the factory, together with the Qixia District Government, had put forward a partial renovation design. It is expected that we will spend 100,000 yuan to renovate some buildings with serious deterioration first.

Zhang then took this design to consult three professional units in China. At that time, experts raised two questions: one was that there was no overall planning direction and design was not good; the other was that there were more than 40 workers and households in the building complex of the Republic of China, which would hinder the repair and utilization.

Zhang said that he would then report the situation to the relevant departments in the district.

On the other hand, in late 2017, the government of Qixia District of Nanjing made a big move to levy the whole house of Jiangnan Cement Plant.

Zhang Xiangpeng News provided a Nanjing Qixia District Peoples Government Housing Expropriation Decision, which was issued in March 2018, on which Jiangnan Cement Plant was included in the scope of expropriation.

Our analysis shows that Qixia District is considering moving out the entire factory workers and households and making a comprehensive plan for over 2,000 mu of land and housing. On this premise, cultural relics are naturally protected. I think the district government is right in this consideration. Wu Qining told Peng Mei News.

Jin Liming, deputy general manager of Chemicals Construction Group, told Peng Mei News that after the levy order was issued, as an enterprise cooperating with the work, the responsible persons of Jiangnan Cement Plant and Chemicals Construction Group frequently contacted the levy department during the levy process. During the levy process, they received a message that the Qixia District Government was prepared to plan Qixia Mountain and a whole area of surrounding land for cultural tourism, and the architecture of the Republic of China of Jiangnan Cement Plant. Only one part of it needs to be built as a whole after expropriation. In addition, there are plans for Qixia Mountain Buddhist Temple and Childrens Paradise.

Know to levy, after all, the enterprise is the production and operation as the main body, although from the perspective of cultural security, before the overall transformation, it is also necessary for our enterprise to give a part of the funds to carry out rescue repair, but we will instinctively think that the general levy will be one or two years, we do repair from planning to approval, the whole process will not take more than a year to start. So lets consider that its not necessary to make repairs before the government collects them. Jin said.

Wu Qining said that after the overall expropriation, the ownership of land and housing may be returned to the government. In that case, whether it is the renovation and protection of cultural relics, or how the factory will introduce projects and develop new formats in the future, the government will take the responsibility, which is acceptable to Jiangnan Cement Plant and local government.

The government talks with us about a reasonable way to allocate assets, which is also a relief for us. It is equivalent to revitalizing this asset. We can consider the transformation and development. For the government, the households will be resettled, the ownership of land and housing will be recovered, and we can spare our hands for overall planning and development. According to Wu Qining. However, the two sides have not yet begun to sit down and talk about how to do it.

However, there is a problem. After the planned levy was made public, some of the 1500 employees in the levy area wrote a report letter. The contradiction was very prominent, and the levy work stagnated. Pengchao journalists met some local residents in the factory site, Some people are reluctant to demolish, think that the money given (demolition compensation) is less. Some people say.

At that time, we also did a lot of work, the staff did not agree, said that the (resettlement room) area is small and so on. Wu Qining said.

However, Vice Director Zhang said that the current problem is expected to be solved.

But Wu said it was not clear about the current big plan in Qixia District. (Qixia) District has not formed a formal plan before we can say anything to us. At present, all they can do is to isolate the cultural relics in a protective way, to ensure that there are no safety incidents and the phenomenon of occupancy by workers. The Cultural Relics Bureau also installed cameras in the site. As a difficult enterprise, Im afraid thats the only thing we can do at present. Wu Qining told Peng Mei News.

Director Yao of the Management Committee of Qixia Mountain Cultural and Leisure Tourism Resort in Nanjing told Peng Mei News that at present, 19.18 square kilometers around Qixia Mountain have been classified as Qixia Mountain Cultural and Leisure Tourism Resort in Nanjing. According to this plan, after consultation between the two sides, the Jiangnan cement plant area was included in the red line in late 2017.

However, due to the fact that the previous phase of the collection project has not been understood by some people, the current collection work is stagnant, and when to start has not yet been clearly decided.

At that time, we had some plans for the renovation and protection of cultural relics and buildings in Jiangnan Cement Plant, but now the property right is not ours, so we have no right to take any measures. It can only be repaired by Jiangnan Cement Plant under the guidance of the cultural relics department. Yao said.

Some experts of cultural protection told Pengfeng News that it is good to incorporate the overall planning, but it may take time to study how to allocate the assets of the related parties. Before that, cultural relics can not be unprotected and cultural relics can not be protected. Daily sunshine and rain, the situation is getting worse and worse, in case of collapse, it is difficult to restore in accordance with the principle ofrepair as the old.

Source of this article: Peng Mei News Responsible Editor: Youyuan Garden_NO4712