Ni Guangnan recalls making core: before making a success, he may be regarded as quixotic.

category:Society
 Ni Guangnan recalls making core: before making a success, he may be regarded as quixotic.


Ni Guangnan, the 79 year old authority in the field of chips and operating systems, is once again the focus. Recently, he received an interview with reporters from the new Beijing News. Ni Guangnan and China core, the operating system has two origins. In 1983, Ni Guangnan gave up his choice to return to the Canadian National Institute (NRC). China is facing the dilemma of developing fourth generation computers for the lack of large scale integrated circuit chips. Ni Guangnan, who worked abroad to broaden his horizons, returned home under such a background. He longed to be Chinas own chip and operating system. After returning home, Ni Guangnan first joined the Chinese Academy of Sciences Computing company (Lenovo Group predecessor), served as the companys first chief engineer, and later joined the ark company. But these two experiences ended with the departure of scientists and core technicians. Even after the failure of the ark plan, Ni Guangnan himself made an apology to the Ministry of science and technology. Independence of the desktop operating system of the main government department Many people believe that the monopoly of Windows and Intel can not be broken, and they can only accept the existing rules of the game. Even chip developers feel that the day of chip self control is still unpredictable. Some even laugh at Ni Guangnans desire to use the whole nation system to compete with the global ecosystem. For misunderstanding, Ni Guangnan was not in a hurry to explain. In the face of criticism, he was still calm and calm. In fact, Ni Guangnan is well versed in the trend of Wintel, the impact of cloud computing, mobile Internet and the development of network information security needs. The autonomous control of the operating system he advocates is, in fact, in the government and large enterprises, especially the departments concerned with national security, and the implementation of the desktop operating system in the office scene. In his view, it is entirely possible for the government to realize the autonomy of the desktop operating system. And, after more than ten years of development, technology is no longer the main problem, the main problem is, in use, to enrich the ecology, step by step from the government to the enterprise, and finally into a wider field. New Beijing News reporter Wujiang photo Be vigilant about safety risks when the wind and the sun are beautiful However, it is not easy to replace monopoly. As the first Chinese Academy of engineering, Ni Guangnan seemed to him that it was unshirkable to carry out the operating system autonomously, as if everyone had to do his job well. As a scientist, he urged people to be vigilant against the safety risks that have not yet erupted, and prepare for rainy days, even in sunny days. China is a big internet country with the largest user and market in the world. Nearly 1/5 of Apples revenue comes from China. Without such a big event such as the banned chip, the whole IT industry can still be proud to be the largest application market. But from the monopoly of Wintel in the era of PC to the emergence of Android and apple iOS in mobile terminals, China missed the great opportunity of the mobile terminal operation system. Ni Guangnan believes that the chip ban is not only confined to the supply chain and core technologies, but the potential risk lies in network security. The network information security expert at North University of technology, an expert on network information security, has written a detailed description of the hidden dangers. It is possible to implant hardware Trojan horses technically, that is, using chip design and production to change the logic of the chip, thus achieving the aim of the attack. If there is a hardware Trojan horse, once the Trojan horse is triggered, its destructiveness will be huge, which will lead to data loss, function failure and even system paralysis. The hardware trojan is not alarmist. Early in the early 2018, network security researchers found two security vulnerabilities in Intel, AMD and ARM architecture chips Meltdown and Spectre. These vulnerabilities have varying degrees of impact on notebook computers, desktop computers, smartphones, tablet computers and servers, allowing hackers to steal and embezzled sensitive data. In the most popular words, even if the chip has been installed to computers all over the world, it can still control the terminal of the chip by remote control. Its like your home is there. I have your family key. I just want to go. Its my business to go or not. Remote control, Cao Dong said. you lose your cell phone and you lose your information. You dont know. Through the back door of the chip, you can get user information. In fact, it is easy to design some mechanisms to work on the chip. The picture comes from the network. Dialogue with Ni Guangnan The chip ban has been a big education, more useful than we say it one hundred times. Ni Guangnan was on his way to Wudaokou, a rare leisure time of his day. Now he is 79 years old, and after experiencing twists and turns in Lenovo and the ark, he has never actually joined any company. In 2013, Ni Guangnan initiated the establishment of the China intelligent terminal operation system industry alliance, aiming at promoting the domestic operating system. Talk about chip self research, lack of funds, borrow others experiment New Beijing News reporter: your assistant Liang Ning wrote a passage about domestic chip and operating system, which is widely spread on the Internet. Now recollect, what is the experience of the association? What is the specific situation of the chip research and development? Ni Guangnan: we continue to feel the importance of chips. In 1980s, China was lagging behind the fourth generation of ultra large scale integrated circuits. The early production of large computers included the United States, the former Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France, and Chinas fifth. What is the integrated circuit doing? The enterprise is small, not so much investment. At that time, there was a 909 project (editors note: December 1995, the largest national project in Chinas electronics industry, the 909 project, which was determined by the construction of a large scale integrated circuit production line of 8 inches, 0.5 micron technology and 20 thousand monthly processing. The 909 project is the abbreviation of the key project of developing microelectronics industry in China. Its main body is Shanghai Huahong group. Investment 10 billion), but in fact, the investment in developed countries is still very small, and some investment is still invested by enterprises. Beijing News reporter: lack of funds, how to do chip research and development? In order to save cost, about half a year or so, the Institute of computing, researcher Sun Zuxi, took young people to the Design Laboratory of CHARTER company in Singapore to do a film, so that the chips of Hanka were made with very little money. Design companies are easier to start. Later, there were hundreds of design companies in China. At present, the chip design of our country is not much behind that of foreign countries. Chinas first self-developed gigabit network controller has been identified through scientific and technological achievements. Graphic / visual China Talking about being used is like windy and rainy, you cant hide. Beijing News reporter: Liang Ning mentioned that you are risking the risk of being used again and again, and still need to be self controlled. Ni Guangnan: what you encounter is not what you want or what you want. Its like a windy and rainy day. Li Delei (founder of the ark Technology) did not make high technology and fry property, which was unpredictable at first. When the rule of law was imperfect and intellectual property rights had no equity, there was no right to speak. The intellectual property rights of the companys scientific and technological personnel now have equity and are constantly improving. Beijing News reporter: the replacement of domestic operating system needs the window period of iteration. Is it time to lose the iteration of mobile terminal? Ni Guangnan: Wintel has monopolized the desktop operating system. It is difficult to make a domestic replacement in the general field, but it is easier for the national government level office desktop to replace the information security. The mobile terminal has no ideal domestic operating system. In the past, people tended to pay attention to terminal hardware, did not seriously study the operating system, and software was not taken seriously. Now the state has invested 140 billion in the integrated circuit fund, but there are not enough chips, but also software. There is no software support for hardware. At that time, Apple launched the iOS smartphone in 2007, and the Android cell phone was pushed out about 2009. If China came out of the apple cell phone, it immediately organized a mobile operating system, not necessarily incapable of being monopolized by the operating system of Android and apple. Beijing News reporter: what lessons are there in this process? Ni Guangnan: now, the State supports tens of millions of yuan for the operation system project, even if it is large, and often sprinkled with pepper noodles, which does not accord with the development law of the operating system. There are so many main operating systems in the world. How many can China have? The operating system is highly monopolized, either unsupported or only supported by one or two. The pepper sprinkled support mode does not conform to the development rule of the operating system. The Beijing News reporter: as you mentioned before, the replacement of the localization of the operating system will have a remarkable achievement in 2020. Is it possible to achieve it now? Ni Guangnan: it is not impossible to achieve this goal in the field of government. In general, there is a lot of ecological support. At present, many provinces and places are dispersing chips. Chips need a lot of input, and fighting for themselves may lead to decentralized and repetitive investment. We hope that the national fund will take the lead, and private capital participation, including enterprises, will work together, but we must consider the industrial layout independently and controllable. Integrated circuit manufacturing should be top-level design at the national level, and it can not blossom everywhere, otherwise it will be dispersed and duplicated. Map / visual China On the national system, only the government has no business and there are problems. Beijing News reporter: operating system in addition to national strength, enterprises may do it? Ni Guangnan: there is still hope for Chinese enterprises as a whole. HUAWEI has 80 thousand R & D personnel, and BAT and so on are also strengthening intellectual property reserves and increasing R & D investment. But in a single view, the industry does not have enough companies to compare with Microsoft, Intel, Oracle and apple. The government needs to play a role when the enterprise is relatively weak, and the Chinese national system is well done to do things with Chinas resources and capabilities. The government is not a leader, but a help or a joint venture. It may get twice the result with half the effort. Beijing News reporter: some people feel that under the great law of the globalized market, the whole nation system is no longer applicable. Ni Guangnan: it does not mean that the whole country system does not act according to the market rules, but also has the advantages of the whole country system and the market competition, and introduces benign competition. It is difficult to start without a national system. For example, Beidou, integrating aerospace and network communications, is good for the government. But only the government has no business and problems. Beijing News reporter: do you think BAT is possible to realize the chips independent control? Ni Guangnan: enterprises are the main body of innovation, and chips and CPU depend on enterprises. I believe that many competent enterprises in China now have enough money to make contributions in the field of basic technology. Artificial intelligence chips, perhaps BAT will do very well. Beijing News reporter: some people evaluate your insistence on independence and controllability. What do you think of Donquixote? Ni Guangnan: before you do anything, you may be regarded as Donquixote. Success requires a long process, and quick results and quick gains do not necessarily lead to good results. In addition, I do not have to succeed, I do a paragraph, people go on, not necessarily care about the results of their own, to have the heart, take off some, do not weigh their gains and losses. Judging from the overall situation, an enterprise can not go out, and more enterprises will come out. Relying on the development of the industrial sector is certain. Source: Beijing News Editor: Gu Ying _NN6577 Ni Guangnan: enterprises are the main body of innovation, and chips and CPU depend on enterprises. I believe that many competent enterprises in China now have enough money to make contributions in the field of basic technology. Artificial intelligence chips, perhaps BAT will do very well. Beijing News reporter: some people evaluate your insistence on independence and controllability. What do you think of Donquixote? Ni Guangnan: before you do anything, you may be regarded as Donquixote. Success requires a long process, and quick results and quick gains do not necessarily lead to good results. In addition, I do not have to succeed, I do a paragraph, people go on, not necessarily care about the results of their own, to have the heart, take off some, do not weigh their gains and losses. Judging from the overall situation, an enterprise can not go out, and more enterprises will come out. Relying on the development of the industrial sector is certain.