Chinas ambassador to WTO, Zhang Xiangchen, has made a total of three references to the concerns of the United States on the measures launched by China on the basis of the 301 investigation. The speech includes: the WTO is faced with a three strike and national security? Excuse me! And China, the wrong target of attack and so on, and around the 301 survey, his speech includes 301, who can escape? The thief is in your heart! And say, dont bite! Universal support. But, for the first time in the WTO routine, the new American ambassador to the WTO Shea (DennisShea) accused China of being in black and white and living in a dream. As the Chinese hawk school, Shea accuses China with a very strong tone: Chairman, we have now entered Alices Wonderland. White (said) is black, upside down. It is amazing to see one of the most protectionist countries and mercantilist economies in the world as guardians of the defence of free trade and the global trading system. WTO must avoid falling into this rabbit hole to enter the dream world, otherwise it will lose all credibility. He also said that if WTO members were allowed to use the dispute settlement mechanism to defend their unfair and distorting trade practices, WTO would be in serious danger. These people (judges) who are in charge of dispute cases have been ignoring the WTO rules and have made some serious mistakes in this system. However, despite the intense words, Shea still merely enumerate the charges, but because of insufficient evidence of the investigation itself, they dare not add detailed reports and evidence in detail. At the Zhang Xiangchen conference, 18 years later, the survey of clause 301 came back. Unfortunately, China was the first to bear the brunt; fortunately, China was strong enough. Shea (left 1) took the oath of office and shook hands with the US trade representative Wright F Ze (right 1). The following is the first financial report on the Sino US WTO confrontation: Chinas approval of the United States blatantly coercion. According to the first finance and Economics Report on May 9th, Geneva local time 8, the World Trade Organization (WTO) General Council of two months from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., appeared many first at the meeting. For the first time, China put forward a number of topics at the conference, including the selection of members of the appellate body, concerns about the progress of the 232 investigation and 301 investigation. Shea, the US ambassador to WTO who took office in Geneva in early April, also appeared for the first time at the most important routine meeting. (DennisShea) It was widely believed that Shea was a hawkish trade with China. The three Chinese and European three party speaking materials obtained by the first financial reporter showed that Zhang Xiangchen, the Chinese ambassador to China, made a total of three references to the United States concerns about the measures launched by the United States on the basis of the 301 investigation. He not only asked the next goal of the 301 investigation, but also defined unilateralism, and considered the 301 clause. In the search, the United States essentially wants free market access from China, which should be achieved through bilateral investment negotiations rather than blatant coercion. The first financial reporter learned from the relevant people close to the meeting that Chinas three concerns, especially the first two, were widely supported. However, Shea reiterated the view of the three issues. The attitude of the United States traditional ally is still ambiguous, not only to support the WTO rules, but also to the technology transfer of foreign enterprises. Zhang Xiang Chen China puts forward three issues The first financial reporter combed the preceding speech, and around China called on WTO members to boycott the theme of protectionism. Zhang Xiangchen made six speeches, of which three were around the 301 investigation. His speeches include: WTO faces three strikes and national security ? Excuse me! And China, the wrong target of attack and so on, and around the 301 survey, his speech includes 301, who can escape? The thief is in your heart! And say, dont bite! In accordance with the regulations, the agenda of the conference can be put forward by members and included in specific topics, while others are conventional issues. At the General Council of WTO held in March 7th, China suggested that the 232 survey be included in other matters (otherbusiness), but the next day, the United States would invoke the 232nd clause of the trade expansion act of 1962 and initiate corresponding measures. In the morning, Zhang Xiangchen said that after the establishment of WTO, the United States had promised to use clause 301 unilaterally without the adjudication of the dispute settlement agency, otherwise the United States would bear the responsibility of the state. Now the United States is ignoring these commitments and announces that it will take massive sanctions against China. This is a typical unilateralism and trade protectionism, contrary to WTOs most favored nation treatment and other core rules. He said: 18 years later, the 301 clause investigation is coming back. Unfortunately, China is the first to bear the brunt. Fortunately, China is strong enough. We can not help but ask, who will be the next target? After that, Shea asked four times what unilateralism, and Zhang Xiangchen responded in the first meeting in the afternoon that China understood unilateralism to take action against multilateral rules and at the expense of the interests of other members. This does not mean that any measure taken by a single member can be labeled unilateral. Every country has its own economic policy. There is a boundary between legitimate policy space and unilateral action. This line is the multilateral rule that we all agree. If a policy is consistent with the WTO rules, it is legal, otherwise it is unilateral. Zhang Xiangchen said: according to my understanding, in the 301 clause survey, the essence of the United States wants to get free market access from China. This should be achieved through bilateral investment negotiations rather than blatant coercion. With regard to Chinas development strategy, Zhang Xiangchen said Shea had buckled China in the morning with several hats, such as state capitalism and mercantilism, but I think it was very inappropriate to put these hats on our heads. In the forty years of Chinas reform and opening to the outside world, the economy has made rapid development, from two: one is to carry out market-oriented reforms, release the vitality of the main body of the economy, and the two is to integrate into the globalization, open the domestic market and abide by the international rules. The fifteenth provision of the Chinese Constitution stipulates that China practices a socialist market economy. The sixteenth provision states that state owned enterprises operate independently according to law. This is the legal achievement of reform and opening up, and also the institutional guarantee for Chinas future development. There is no doubt that in order to achieve sustainable and inclusive development, Chinas market economy needs to be further improved, the state-owned enterprises need further reform, the domestic market needs to be further opened to the outside world, and the protection of intellectual property needs to be further strengthened. Therefore, Chinas future task is to further improve government management, eliminate the malpractice of state-owned enterprises, further abolish barriers to market access and strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights. The shortcomings of the above aspects are the goal of deepening reform and opening up, rather than the secret weapon of Chinas development. Lack of evidence in the US investigation As for intellectual property protection in China, the United States has again quoted the 301 report as the basis for its action. Zhang Xiangchen said that the 301 report contained 183 pages, including 1139 footnotes and 5 annexes. It is suggested that the WTO members read the report, but do not think of it as a bedside reading. Although it is long enough to sleep, the misrepresentation in the report, out of context, and the subjective assumption will make you sleepy. China has no law to enforce technology transfer. If someone says yes, please produce evidence. Moreover, I think that any external force, including the government, can not force technical owners to transfer what they think is the most precious in their unacceptable conditions. He quoted the case that 5 years ago, he was the Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Commerce in charge of intellectual property rights, and the State Council inspector group went to Gansu, Shaanxi and other provinces to check the work of the software. Gansu is a remote and backward province in Northwest China. The inspector group is there to check six computers in one department. The results of the five are all qualified. The remaining one is also using the positive software, but the location of the sticker is not standard. He said: the head of this department told me that Gansu had just experienced a major earthquake and the budget was extremely tight. They spend 300 thousand yuan for the purchase of authentic software, and they dont see any good in the short term, but everyone knows that its a must to do for the long-term development. For example, he and his wife would play the same computer game in their spare time, and their wives were higher than themselves and mastered the secrets of customs clearance. She wont give me her secrets, but it can help me pass it on condition that I give her a certain benefit, such as giving her a gift or doing more housework, sometimes I think its a fair deal, and sometimes I refuse to rely on my own efforts. Similar things happen every day in China and other markets, Zhang Xiangchen said. Stephen Hroch, former president of Morgan Stanley, recently said that the United States and other multinational companies are voluntary business arrangements for these legitimate negotiations, not only based on Chinas rapid growth in the domestic market, but also as a means to improve the operating efficiency and Chinas low cost platform. On the issue of technology transfer, the developing countries, including China, are longing for technological progress, which is true, and the technical owners of the developed countries want to maximize their wealth through their technical rights. The leader has the right to lead, and the pursuer has the freedom to pursue. The right has the boundary, the freedom is limited. This boundary and limitation are the rules of WTO. Zhang Xiangchen said that I do not deny that there are still deficiencies in the protection of intellectual property rights in China. In fact, we still have much room for improvement. The business has problems to let them go to Chinas intellectual property court, the member government has a systemic concern about WTO complaints, and should not take unilateral measures not allowed by WTO to impose sanctions on other members. Finally, he said that someone used the word steal in his speech. This reminds me of the story of ancient Chinese suspected people stealing axes. This story tells us that others are not thieves, thieves in your heart! What you have lost is something in your heart, including the respect for the rule of law, the spirit of striving for self-improvement and the courage to reflect on ones conscience. I hope you can find them as soon as possible so that they will no longer be overloaded with others. A person close to the Sino US negotiations told first financial reporters that the US side initiated a complaint against China on 23 March to the WTO, saying that the Chinese governments measures on technical licensing were not in conformity with the provisions of the agreement on trade related intellectual property rights, and the US side was investigating the interaction with China on the 301 investigation several times. The evidence is insufficient, so it can only list charges but dare not add detailed reports and evidence in detail. A detail seems to be able to support this view. Compared with the 6 page memorandum issued by the Trump administration of clause 301 on Chinas unilateral trade relief measures and the 301 investigation Award on the 1215 page, the US trade representative formally charged the WTO to China and asked for consultations, only less than 3 pages. The ambassador of the United States justify the action of the United States Among the three topics raised in China, the selection of appeal bodies has been widely supported because of the most extensive coverage. In the EU speech material obtained by the first financial reporters, the EU regrets that the WTO dispute settlement agency (DSB) cannot start a new selection process for the Appellate Body for more than a year. Shea once again defended the USs obstructing behavior. Since Shea was nominated in July last year, it has attracted wide public attention. At the same time, the summit of the Chinese Ministry of Commerce spokesman said we noticed that President Trump has nominated Shea, vice president of the US China Economic and Security Committee as vice trade representative and ambassador to the WTO. For a long time, China and the United States have maintained close communication and cooperation in the WTO. We hope that the US ambassador to WTO can get there as soon as possible. The United States Senate Finance Committee did not confirm Sheas appointment as the US ambassador to the world trade organization until March 1st, and the position had been in vacancy in the first year of the Trump administration. Too many countries have failed to fulfill their WTO obligations, but without any consequences. Too many countries, including some of the richest countries in the world, claim that they belong to developing countries and thus exempt them from these obligations. The WTO has shifted from a forum that promotes the negotiation of sovereign states to a major litigation oriented institution. If (my appointment) is confirmed by you, I think the institutional reform of the WTO will be an important part of the US agenda, Shea told members of the congressmen in the January hearing. The Doha round of multilateral trade negotiations, which was scheduled to fully end negotiations before January 1, 2005, has been dragged down for a long time. For many years, the most authoritative and effective part of the WTO is the dispute settlement mechanism. FelipeMunozNavia, a professor of Chilean International Research Institute, once told the first financial reporter that the state of WTO is close to a halt at present. Philip In his view, if this part is paralyzed, even if the whole WTO is alive, it will be like brain death. A senior observer from Geneva told the first financial reporter that Trumps emphasis on bilateral trade is his established policy. In bilateral negotiations, the United States always takes the absolute advantage of getting what he wants. Now it seems that he will change his mind and pay more attention to the multilateral process. It will be difficult to work at one thirty. Perhaps through the obstruction of bilateral negotiations in the United States and the patient persuasion of the EU and other allies, such as the EU and Australia, the possibility of a renewed emphasis on the multilateral stage, coupled with the impetus of the American institutional and large enterprises, may exist, and the US will not completely abandon the multilateral trading system in the long run. A number of people close to WTO told the first finance and economics that, although the negotiations were hopeless in the past, the United States did not execute the ruling many times, but the dispute settlement mechanism worked well. Now, it was said that China did not comply with the rules and destroyed the dispute settlement mechanism. One of them said, if China feels that China has not followed the rules, it can sue China, but the United States is the defendant. The source of this article: observer net responsibility editor: Cao Yi _NN5778 A senior observer from Geneva told the first financial reporter that Trumps emphasis on bilateral trade is his established policy. In bilateral negotiations, the United States always takes the absolute advantage of getting what he wants. Now it seems that he will change his mind and pay more attention to the multilateral process. It will be difficult to work at one thirty. Perhaps through the obstruction of bilateral negotiations in the United States and the patient persuasion of the EU and other allies, such as the EU and Australia, the possibility of a renewed emphasis on the multilateral stage, coupled with the impetus of the American institutional and large enterprises, may exist, and the US will not completely abandon the multilateral trading system in the long run. A number of people close to WTO told the first finance and economics that, although the negotiations were hopeless in the past, the United States did not execute the ruling many times, but the dispute settlement mechanism worked well. Now, it was said that China did not comply with the rules and destroyed the dispute settlement mechanism. One of them said, if China feels that China has not followed the rules, it can sue China, but the United States is the defendant.