Trump returned to Europe, but this little European partner did not follow.

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 Trump returned to Europe, but this little European partner did not follow.


As we all know, after Trump took office, he repeatedly called the Iraq nuclear agreement the worst agreement in history. Iran also insisted on the test firing of ballistic missiles as an excuse for Irans constant pressure, and issued a series of measures to extend the sanctions period and restrict the entry of Iran people. Affected by this, international oil prices have been fluctuating. Analysts believe that Trumps strong policy stance on Iraq is very clear, indicating that the confrontation between the United States and Iran will intensify. However, before Trump announced his decision on the Iraq nuclear agreement, ID:bqzhengzhiju noted that the European allies in the United States, Britain, France and Germany were all voicing, hoping that Trump would not withdraw from the Iraq nuclear agreement. This scene and more than half a month ago, Britain and France follow the United States to the Syria force to make a sharp contrast, what is the reason behind this contrast? What will be the impact of the withdrawal of the US nuclear agreement? The previous life of the Iran nuclear issue In fact, to understand the origin and development of the Iranian nuclear issue, we should not only look at the story of Irans nuclear, but also the relationship between Iran and the United States. First of all, the story of Iran and the nuclear. In fact, Iran has a long history of developing nuclear programs. Irans nuclear development began in 1957, when the Pahlavi Dynasty in Iran was closely related to the United States. In order to contain the Soviet Union, the western countries supported Irans nuclear program. Iran signed the nuclear non proliferation treaty in 1968, and the treaty was formally ratified by the Iran parliament in 1970. By the time of the collapse of King Pahlavi in 1979, there were 6 nuclear reactors for power generation in Iran. However, in the same year, the nuclear program was brought to a standstill because of the Islamic revolution in Iran and the subsequent outbreak of the Iran war. As you all know, 1979 was the watershed in Iran. In November, the referendum adopted the constitution of the Islamic Republic and Khomeini was the supreme spiritual leader. Khomeini thinks nuclear is not a good thing, so Iran has not been enthusiastic about nuclear technology research for a long time. During the Iran Iraq war, Iran and Iraq attacked each others nuclear facilities, and Irans nuclear facilities were destroyed. With the long stalemate of the Iraq war, Iran was determined to restart nuclear technology in 1985, but the United States had failed to make great progress because of the efforts of the United States to obstruct it. Since the mid 90s, the recovery and development of nuclear energy has become an important issue for the government of Iran. 2003 is the key node of the Iranian nuclear issue and the fuse of the Iranian nuclear crisis. In that year, the United Nations International Atomic Energy director general, Elbaradei, led the verification team into Iran, checked the nuclear facilities of Iran and concluded that Iran did not fulfil the nuclear non-proliferation treaty. Probably many people did not expect that the Iran nuclear issue lasted for 12 years. In 2015, the Iran nuclear issue negotiated in Geneva, and Iran and the six countries of the Iranian nuclear issue (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China and Germany) signed a comprehensive agreement on the abandonment of nuclear weapons in Iran. This is mainly due to the 2013 moderation of Rouhani as president of Iran. Iran began to talk frequently with other countries on nuclear issue. Trump said the comprehensive agreement on Iran nuclear issue is the agreement signed in 2015. According to the agreement, Iran stopped high enriched uranium activities, handed over the 20% enriched uranium produced and accepted international verification. As a exchange, the six countries will no longer impose sanctions on Iran and relax some of the existing sanctions. At present, Iran is also one of the few countries that have not established diplomatic relations with the United States. The deteriorating relationship between the US and Iraq is also seen as the root cause of Irans nuclear issue. Britain, France and Germany do not support European countries are deeply worried about the consequences of the withdrawal of the US nuclear agreement. French President Emmanuel Mucklow warned the United States not to withdraw from the agreement, or it could lead to war. The three European signatories of the Iran agreement, Britain, France and Germany, have been opposed to the abolition of the agreement. In May 7th, the three countries reiterated their opposition to the abolition of the Iran nuclear agreement and stressed that even if the US side withdrew, the three countries would still maintain the agreement. German Foreign Minister Maas and visiting French Foreign Minister Leon Leon on 7 days in Berlin, no matter whether the US government has a new decision on whether to comply with the Iraq nuclear agreement, Germany and France will continue to adhere to this agreement. British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson flew to the United States on the 6 day to try to dissuade Trump from withdrawing from the agreement. In his view, there are loopholes in the agreement, but it can be remedied. The international community has no better alternative to the Iraq nuclear agreement. For me, there is no mature B plan. Yang Guang, President of the Institute for Western Asia and Africa, of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Yang Guang, President of the Middle East Society (WeChat ID:bqzhengzhiju), economic interest is a very important consideration for these European countries. He pointed out that the relationship between the United States and Iran was interrupted as early as 1979. Since then, the United States has no economic interests in Iran, only political mutual game and struggle, but not in Europe. Yang Guang said that Europe has a lot of economic interests in Iran, especially oil and gas companies, Iran has one of the worlds largest oil and gas fields - the South Paras oil and gas field, Italy, France and other countries are involved in the development of the U. S. one sanctions they are forced to return, a sign of the Iran agreement, they are right back to return. Now, the United States has to negate the Iran agreement and they are going to retreat again, so in the long run, it will jeopardize the economic interests of European countries. In addition, in the near future, the biggest external threat to the situation in the Middle East is the refugee problem, the first of which is the European country. Syria has already been a great lesson. It has been proved that the refugee problem is not only a problem of population inflow but also a threat to terrorism. So Europe still hopes to be stable in the Middle East. Here is a backdrop. Sun Lixin of the China Institute of international problems wrote in 2014 that when the United States introduced the Iran sanctions law in 1996, the European Union was strongly opposed to the economic interests of the United States. In August 2005, Iran rejected the mediator proposal of the three European carriages on the nuclear issue, that is, to abandon nuclear fuel in exchange for strengthening political and economic relations with Europe. In the absence of long-term mediation nuclear issue, the EUs attitude has become stronger. The impact on the Middle East pattern Will the concerns of Europe arise? Yang Guang told ID:bqzhengzhiju that the withdrawal of the United States from the Iran nuclear agreement could only further strengthen and consolidate the current situation in the Middle East. He said that the basic pattern of the Middle East now is two camps, that is, the regional big powers are in front, with the support of extraterritorial powers behind them: one is the camps led by Iran and Turkey, with Russian support; the other is the Saudi led camp and behind the US support. From the current situation in Iran, there is no condition and strength to continue the nuclear program, so it will not affect the pattern of the two big camps in the Middle East; from the United States, the United States is currently pursuing the isolationist foreign policy. It is a general situation in the Middle East, and the United States will not follow Israel and go to war with Iran. Because it was a war without success. If there is an impact, it will further deepen the gap between the two camps, but the two major camps in the Middle East will continue. Yang Guang said that under such a pattern, small conflicts continue, and the low intensity of the Middle East will continue in the form of a low intensity, not because Trump has declared a major change in its nuclear agreement. After the United States decided to quit, Iran President Rouhani made a televised speech. From this moment, the Iranian nuclear agreement has become an agreement between Iran and the other five parties. The day before Trumps announcement, Rouhani said in Mashhad, the holy city of Iran, that even if the United States withdrew, Iran would continue to abide by the Iran nuclear agreement. According to Xinhua news agency, this is the first time in Iran that Iran has been able to abide by the Iranian nuclear agreement for the first time in recent years. It would be better if we could satisfy our expectations of the Iran nuclear agreement without us. Irans official media, Islamic Republic News Agency quoted Rouhani as saying. However, in the latest television speech, Ru Hani also said that in future consultations, the Iran Atomic Energy Organization Award restarted any level of uranium enrichment, if the agreement stipulated in Irans interests could not be maintained. Iran has repeatedly said Iran has the ability to restart the 20% enrichment of uranium. Trump is preparing for the mid-term election The implementation of the Iranian nuclear agreement for three years is a good opportunity for Iran to develop its economy. However, Yang Guang analysis said that after the signing of the 2015 agreement, the United States had not been implemented according to the agreement, especially the unilateral financial sanctions in the United States had not been lifted, and Iran did not receive great benefits from the agreement. The plan of President Rouhanis economic reform, opening and development was actually not implemented. After Trump came to power, he repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the Iranian nuclear agreement with strong wording. He also took more sanctions against Iran to prevent foreign investment from entering Iran. This time it is announced that the highest degree of economic sanctions should be implemented. In this regard, Yang Guang said that the signing of the Iraq nuclear agreement was the most desirable and international influence in the field of diplomatic relations between the former president of the United States and Obama, and Trump threatened to withdraw a series of voices from the Iraq nuclear agreement because he had to rely on these voices to win support from both the domestic and Republican parties to prepare for the mid-term elections. As for the United States to exit the Iranian nuclear agreement, on China Yang Guang said, Iran is The Belt and Road along the node of the country, Iran is also the implementation of the China important fulcrum The Belt and Road initiative. The United States withdrew from the Iranian nuclear agreement, will expand cooperation in the Iran initiative and related adverse factors on The Belt and Road. The source of this article: political editor: Cao Yi _NN5778 After Trump came to power, he repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the Iranian nuclear agreement with strong wording. He also took more sanctions against Iran to prevent foreign investment from entering Iran. This time it is announced that the highest degree of economic sanctions should be implemented. In this regard, Yang Guang said that the signing of the Iraq nuclear agreement was the most desirable and international influence in the field of diplomatic relations between the former president of the United States and Obama, and Trump threatened to withdraw a series of voices from the Iraq nuclear agreement because he had to rely on these voices to win support from both the domestic and Republican parties to prepare for the mid-term elections. As for the United States to exit the Iranian nuclear agreement, on China Yang Guang said, Iran is The Belt and Road along the node of the country, Iran is also the implementation of the China important fulcrum The Belt and Road initiative. The United States withdrew from the Iranian nuclear agreement, will expand cooperation in the Iran initiative and related adverse factors on The Belt and Road.