Reference News Network reported on March 15 that Russias arms exports to India decreased by 42% year-on-year from 2009 to 2013 and 2014 to 2018, according to a report on the Indian Press Trust website on March 11.
According to the report Trends in International Arms Transfer 2018 published by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Russias share of Indian arms imports dropped from 76% in 2009-2013 to 58% in 2014-2018.
Data released in the report also showed that Indias arms imports fell by 24% in the same period under the guidance of Prime Minister Moodys policy of reducing its dependence on foreign weapons.
Indias decline in arms imports is partly due to delayed delivery of weapons from foreign suppliers, such as combat aircraft ordered from Russia in 2001 and submarines ordered from France in 2008, the report said.
Nevertheless, from 2014 to 2018, India remained the worlds second largest importer of weapons, accounting for 9.5% of the global total. During this period, Israel, the United States and France increased their arms exports to India.
By contrast, Pakistans arms imports have fallen by 39%. Indian media pointed out that the United States was increasingly reluctant to provide military assistance or sell weapons to Pakistan, which was also evidenced in the report: at the same time, U.S. arms exports to Pakistan decreased by 81%.
DATA PICTURE: Russian-made MiG-21 and Su-30MKI fighter fleets equipped by the Indian Air Force. (Pictures come from the Internet)
DATA PICTURE: US-made C-17 transport aircraft equipped by the Indian Air Force. (Pictures come from the Internet)
Reported that Pakistan then turned to other suppliers. For example, it ordered four frigates and 30 armed helicopters from Turkey in 2018.
Indian media believe that the reduction of Indias arms imports is significant because in the past few years, global arms trade has continued to grow - 7.8% from 2009 to 2013, up 23% from 2004 to 2008.
According to the reports ranking, Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia and Algeria are the top five arms importers from 2014 to 2018. The United States has maintained its position as the worlds largest arms exporter. Its main arms exports have increased by 29%, and its share in the world has risen from 30% to 36%. The gap between the United States and Russia, the runner-up, is widening.
Reported that from 2009 to 2013, the U.S. exports of major weapons were 12% higher than that of Russia, and 75% higher from 2014 to 2018. Over the same period, Russian arms exports fell by 17 per cent. In response, the report explains that an important factor is the reduction in Indias arms imports. Although India is still the main buyer of Russian weapons, Russias arms exports to India have declined by 42% in the past 10 years. (Compiler/Wang Diqing)
Source: Responsible Editor of Reference Message Network: Wang Xu_NBJS8023