It is reported that the research team observed the deepest place in plastic waste, 10898 meters from the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean near Japan, and the higher the ratio of disposable products to the deeper. In addition, through the analysis of the data obtained from 1982 to 2015 in the 5010 surveys of more than 100 meters deep in the ocean, the team found 3425 garbage in the Pacific and the India ocean. From the perspective of species, plastics account for 33% of the total. Among them, 89% are plastic bottles, plastic shopping bags and other disposable products. UNEP warns that there is a concern about the adverse effects of precious deep-sea ecosystems and is proposing to urge countries to reduce the production and consumption of disposable plastic products and to strengthen the monitoring mechanism for marine plastic waste, including the deep sea. The British Daily Mail quoted data as saying that if a person eats seafood every day, he may swallow up to 11 thousand plastic particles a year. Who is the culprit? The disposable plastic waste reaches the deepest part of the ocean, revealing the connection between the daily activities of mankind and the most remote environment. A chart provided by the environmental protection organizations cotton swab project shows this process: At first, a smaller cotton swab was washed into the toilet and slipped away from the sewers garbage filter and then entered the river and the sea. Cotton on the cotton swabs will soon be degraded, but the plastic rods will only gradually become fine plastic particles floating in the sea. Some of the plastic waste that has not yet been decomposed may be found in the deep sea. The survey points out that this is mainly because the disposable products are lighter and easy to be transported by long distance. Cao Liang, deputy research fellow of the Institute of Oceanography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told the China and the new society that the sources of micro plastics in the marine environment were very complex, including land sources, such as land rivers, industrial and domestic sewage, plastic waste and other marine sources, as well as marine transportation and offshore drilling platforms. Statistics show that about 8000000 tons of plastics enter the ocean every year, resulting in economic losses of 8 billion dollars for marine life, fisheries and tourism. Studies have shown that if the status quo is ignored, the total weight of plastic waste in the ocean will exceed the total weight of fish in the ocean by 2050. One of the dangers of plastic pollution is that plastic particles are easily swallowed by fish and enter into higher marine organisms through the food chain, even if they are not broken down in plastic bags or plastic bottles. According to Norways National Radio and television station, a man in the country recently caught a 12 kilogram cod on the west coast. It was found to be a fish egg, but a plastic bottle with a capacity of 1.5 litres was discovered after it was opened. In April, a sperm whale was found dead on the southern coast of Spain. The anatomy showed that it had swallowed 29 kilograms of plastic, including plastic bags, gasoline cans and some rope nets, which blocked its digestive system, causing peritonitis and eventually causing death. As early as May 2016, the United Nations Environment Programme published a report that plastics itself and chemicals attached to plastics could lead to marine biological poisoning, infertility and even genetic mutations, while human consumption of these poisoned marine organisms will suffer. Since February 2017, the United Nations Environment Programme has launched the clean seas campaign to declare war on marine waste. UNEP points out that plastic particles in cosmetics and overuse of disposable plastic are the main source of marine waste, the goal of which is to eliminate this kind of waste by 2022. As Eric Solheim (ErikSolheim), the sponsor of the clean Ocean movement, points out, it is too late to solve the problem of marine plastic pollution. It is too long to stand by and we must begin to act! What are the tips for reducing pollution? In 2017, a research report published in the journal Science ScienceAdvance estimated that about 83 billion tons of plastic had been produced in modern society. But researchers found that by 2015, 6 billion 300 million tonnes had become plastic waste, and only 9% had been recycled. The current problems come from the fact that the most popular plastic products are not biodegradable: materials do not decompose, but accumulate in land and ocean, CNBC points out. Against this background, the government is an important force to alleviate this situation. As early as 2008, China issued the plastic restriction order. In 2015, Britain also implemented measures to provide plastic shopping bags with compensation. Since then, European and American countries have gradually focused on the field of microplastics, and have banned the use of plastic microspheres in cosmetics and personal care products. It is worth noting that in January this year, the EU also announced the implementation of the first strategy for plastic products. According to the plan, by 2030, all plastic packages in the EU market will be recycled, disposable plastic consumption will be reduced and the intentional use of plastic particles will be limited. It is reported that the EU also promised to increase 100 million euros to encourage the development of more recyclable plastic materials and improve the efficiency of recycling. In addition to actions from the government, enterprises can also play a role that can not be ignored. After all, enterprises can produce durable and practical changes in consumers habits through product design. It is reported that DELL computer has launched a marine plastic packaging plan, which aims to establish a market called global marine plastic supply chain to recycle plastic waste from the waters near Haiti for the reproduction of product packaging materials. The international consumer goods giant Unilever group and the food and beverage giant Nestle Company have also promised to move towards one hundred percent of recyclable plastic packaging. When people become more and more worried that the use of disposable food packaging will lead to greater waste, smaller start-ups are also trying to make a difference. It is understood that Foodpanda, a Berlin based food takeaway company, began offering disposable tableware options to users in the Asia Pacific region this year. LauraKantor, director of marketing and sustainable development at Foodpanda, said the start-up company hopes to save 1 million sets of tableware by the end of this year. In fact, the current demand for alternative materials by consumers has in turn promoted the development of the bio plastics industry. According to CNBC, according to various market research, the scale of the industry will reach 35 billion US dollars and US $65 billion 600 million by 2022. Of course, changes in personal environmental awareness are also particularly important. Since the implementation of the clean seas operation for more than 1 years, nearly 80 thousand people in the world have joined it, and promise to abandon disposable plastics and beads from their lives. It is understood that from Bali Island to Panama, people are cleaning up the beach, cataloging the things found and changing their behavior, such as using cloth bags, steel cups or tableware, refusing plastic pipes, and removing plastic cups or disposable bottles from the office. Our goal is to redefine the relationship between the world and plastics, because this is the only way to save the ocean. Only by fundamentally changing our way of consumption can we protect the ocean and maintain human life, Solheim said. what we need is a revolution. Source: China News Net editor: Han Jiapeng _NN9841 Of course, changes in personal environmental awareness are also particularly important. Since the implementation of the clean seas operation for more than 1 years, nearly 80 thousand people in the world have joined it, and promise to abandon disposable plastics and beads from their lives. It is understood that from Bali Island to Panama, people are cleaning up the beach, cataloging the things found and changing their behavior, such as using cloth bags, steel cups or tableware, refusing plastic pipes, and removing plastic cups or disposable bottles from the office. Our goal is to redefine the relationship between the world and plastics, because this is the only way to save the ocean. Only by fundamentally changing our way of consumption can we protect the ocean and maintain human life, Solheim said. what we need is a revolution.