Using typefaces that are common in computers may not only cost you money, but also infringe copyright if you are not careful?
Yesterday, microblog posted such a revelation: a company intern used Microsoft Yahei font, printed 50 million samples, the result was prosecuted, the company lost tens of millions, dozens of layoffs.
Such a tragic situation once triggered a heated discussion among netizens. But yesterday (March 5) afternoon, the beautiful font of Fangzheng font, a microblog account number certified as Beijing Peking University Founder Electronics Co., Ltd., responded that the authorization fee had nothing to do with the number of printed copies. The authorization fee for the book was 500 yuan and the advertisement was 4500 yuan.
Subsequently, Founder Group also forwarded rumors.
Of course, in addition to unauthorized fonts, the use of pirated software is also an infringement of copyright. For example, in 2014, Adobe filed a lawsuit against a digital technology company in Guangzhou. The court eventually awarded the company 500,000 yuan in compensation for its economic losses.
But you may be most curious to see that Microsoft Yahei font is not Microsofts?
In fact, Microsoft Yahei is a font designed by China Peking University Founder Electronics Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Peking University Founder) entrusted by Microsoft. The copyright belongs to it.
Microsoft Yahei Font Attribute Details in Windows System
The key problem is that many people do not know that fonts are actually copyrighted works, and many large companies have been sued for font infringement... As ordinary people, do we also need to worry about such troubles?
Why do fonts on Windows pay Founder of Peking University?
As early as 2004, Microsoft commissioned Founder of Peking University to design a system default clear font for the simplified Chinese version of Windows Vista to support the ClearType function of HD display. This font is a serif-free boldface with a slightly flat and plump font shape, simple and stretchy strokes, and easy to read.
Preview of Microsoft Yahei Font in Windows System
Microsoft has also paid a high price for using this new font. This font replaces the default Song Chinese characters of Windows XP system in 2001. Microsoft Yahei is also by far the clearest Chinese font that can be displayed on personal computers.
Later, Microsoft Yahei, as the default font of the system, was released with the simplified Chinese version of Windows Vista. In addition to Microsoft Yahei fonts, this family also includes Microsoft Yahei Bold (bold), Microsoft Yahei UI and Microsoft Yahei UIBold.
Source: Photographs taken by journalist Tan Yuhan
In terms of copyright, Microsoft Yahei copyright is divided into two parts.
Part of it is used on Windows systems. For example, writing an article on Word in Microsoft Yahei font, or even printing it out, is not infringement because Microsoft has paid for copyright licensing fees.
On the other hand, if the article edited in Microsoft Yahei font is printed out and used for commercial purposes, it will need to pay to Founder of Peking University. This part of the copyright is still retained by Founder of Peking University.
Blizzard and Carrefour were sued by Founder of Peking University
People use office software every day and often print out Word files, but few people notice that the fonts are also copyrighted works.
According to the definition of works in the Regulations on the Implementation of the Copyright Law of the Peoples Republic of China, art works refer to plane or three-dimensional plastic art works with aesthetic significance, such as paintings, calligraphy, sculptures, etc., which are composed of lines, colors or other forms.
So, how to use fonts correctly and how to avoid infringement?
Every Xiaobian (micro-signal: nbdnews) found that Founder of Peking University had repeatedly sued for font infringement, including Blizzard Entertainment, chain giant Carrefour, Wal-Mart and so on.
Case 1: Peking University Founder is suing Blizzard Company, etc.
On 18 June 2007, Founder of Peking University prosecuted:
Blizzard has authorized Nine Cities Interactive to operate the online game World of Warcraft in mainland China and the Ninth City Company to actually operate the online game World of Warcraft. The client of World of Warcraft copies and installs Fangzheng Beiwei regular script, Fangzheng paper-cut and other five Fangzheng fonts in Fangzheng Lanting font of Beijing University without the permission of Fangzheng.
Founder of Peking University requests:
Blizzard Company, Ninth City Interactive Company, Ninth City Company and Emotional Text Book Company jointly compensate Founder of Peking University for its economic loss of RMB 408 million yuan, and bear the notarization fees, inquiry fees and lawyer fees paid by Founder of Peking University for stopping infringement totalling RMB 980,000 yuan.
Court of First Instance:
The creation of each font in the font library reflects the originality of the author. The font type of each font in Fangzheng Lanting font bank is a calligraphic art with aesthetic significance, which conforms to the conditions of art works stipulated in the Copyright Law and belongs to the art works protected by the Copyright Law and its implementing regulations.
The Court of Second Instance judged that:
1. Stop selling the World of Warcraft client software CD-ROM containing five Founder fonts immediately.
2. Blizzard Company, Jiucheng Interactive Company and Ninth City Company compensate Founder of Peking University for its economic loss of RMB 2 million yuan and lawsuit reasonable expenditure of RMB 50,000 yuan.
3. Blizzard Company, Jiucheng Interactive Company and Ninth City Company shall bear the case handling fee of RMB 20,000 yuan and audit fee of RMB 100,000 yuan.
Case 2: Founder of Peking University is suing Carrefour of Changsha
In January 2018, Founder of Peking University prosecuted:
Guilin Zhiren Company, without permission, used large fonts to highlight the use of locust honey in the most prominent position of its product packaging, and used it as a commodity name.
Guilin Zhiren Company responded:
1. The plaintiffs in the four words foreign, sophora, bee and honey involved in the case do not enjoy copyright.
2. It does not constitute the so-called copyright infringement on the plaintiff. One of the reasons is that the font system design company should use the font in the computer software for the four characters of foreign, sophora, bee and honey involved in the case. The design and copying and distribution of the design company originate from the electronic version software. As long as the user purchases and uses the software legally, the copyright owners implied permission is obtained.
Its purchasing products involved in the case is through formal channels, signed formal contracts, in accordance with the law, in the purchasing contract there is an agreement on intellectual property rights, and its purchasing products involved in the case do not infringe the copyright of the plaintiff. Even if the goods involved infringe upon the plaintiffs copyright, they should also be borne by the supplier.
The court ruled that:
First, Guilin Zhiren Company immediately stopped production and sales, Changsha Carrefour immediately stopped selling the packaging and decoration involved in the case, using the four words Yang, Huai, Bee and Honey of Founder, Peking University, which enjoys copyright.
2. Guilin Zhiren Company compensates Founder of Peking University for its economic losses and reasonable expenditure totalling RMB 20039.8.
Do you have to pay for all fonts?
In fact, not all square fonts have to pay. Founder company divides Founder font into three categories: free font, basic font and selected font.
Free fonts include: Founder in bold, Founder in Song Dynasty, Founder in imitation of Song Dynasty and Founder in italic.
Basic fonts are much cheaper than selected fonts. For example, if used in product packaging, the authorized price of basic fonts is 0.3 million yuan per year, while the price of selected fonts is 0.9 million yuan per year. However, due to different operating modes, fonts published by some companies can be used free of charge. The most common is the Google Siyuan font. For example, in 2014, Google and Adobe collaborated to develop NotoSans CJK, which supports simplified Chinese, traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, Chinese national standard GB18030 and all Chinese characters specified in the General Standard Chinese Character List promulgated by the Ministry of Education in 2013. According to Googles official microblog @Google Blackboard News, the font file can be used for free without restriction.
Basic fonts are much cheaper than selected fonts. For example, if used in product packaging, the authorized price of basic fonts is 0.3 million yuan per year, while the price of selected fonts is 0.9 million yuan per year.
However, due to different operating modes, fonts published by some companies can be used free of charge. The most common is the Google Siyuan font. For example, in 2014, Google and Adobe collaborated to develop NotoSans CJK, which supports simplified Chinese, traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, Chinese national standard GB18030 and all Chinese characters specified in the General Standard Chinese Character List promulgated by the Ministry of Education in 2013. According to Googles official microblog @Google Blackboard News, the font file can be used for free without restriction.