Wang Peian: The Comprehensive Two-Child Policy has met the needs of most families.

 Wang Peian: The Comprehensive Two-Child Policy has met the needs of most families.

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Wang Peian: No one brought up the child, can not afford to raise is the two main problems affecting reproductive behavior (source:)

The second session of the 13th CPPCC National Committee held a press conference on the afternoon of March 5. The theme of the conference was to win, prevent and eliminate major risks, precisely eliminate poverty and prevent pollution.

British Times reporter: I would like to ask Mr. Wang Peian about Chinas fertility policy. Is China considering abolishing family planning? Is there a timetable? Before the new policy came into being, what official position did the government take on unplanned births, such as three children and unmarried births? How do you think the changes in Chinas population structure will affect the global competitiveness of the national economy and the pension system? What can China do about the problem of population aging?

Wang Peian, deputy director of the Committee on Population, Resources and Environment of the CPPCC National Committee, standing vice president of the Party Section of the China Family Planning Association and former deputy director of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, said: I think that the current population development in China should focus on three issues: first, to deal with the relationship between the size and structure of the population, and strive to achieve a moderate level of fertility. On the one hand, the large population has always been a basic national condition of our country. The total population of nearly 1.4 billion is still too large for the underdeveloped economic and social operation foundation and the limited resources and environment affordability. If the population size is appropriately small, the per capita resource possession will be more abundant and the per capita environmental possession will be more relaxed.

Wang Peian: On the other hand, from the structural point of view, the younger population is decreasing and the degree of aging is deepening gradually. Chinas aging is characterized by large scale, fast speed, long time, imbalance, and the rich and the old. Its not good to have a large population, but its not that the fewer the better. In the report of the Nineteenth National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that we should strengthen the study of population development strategy. How to determine the specific goal of population balanced development? What is the prospect of achieving a moderate fertility level? It is suggested that relevant departments and institutions should strengthen their research on these issues.

Wang Peian: You dont know if you have noticed that the young working population in developed countries in Europe and the United States is about 730 million at present, and their labor participation rate is lower than ours, but the total economic output is four times that of our country and the labor productivity is six times that of our country. With the progress of science and technology and the development of artificial intelligence, the substitution of robots for ordinary labor force will continue to improve, that is to say, not only the labor force is more abundant now, but also in another 30 or 50 years, the number of labor force in China is still relatively abundant. Chinas total labor surplus and structural shortage coexist. At present, we do not lack the number of labor force, but a large army of high-quality and skilled labor force. Wang Peian: Second, we should vigorously improve the quality and skills of workers. Although Chinas population of working age has begun to decrease continuously, the total amount is still very large. The human resource base is still strong. According to international standards, there are still 900 million people of working age between 15 and 64 years old in our country, 950 million by 2030 and 820 million by 2050.

Wang Peian: At a low fertility level, China can no longer rely on the low-cost advantages of labor force to participate in international competition. It must turn to relying mainly on the quality of labor force to drive economic development, constantly improve the quality and skills of workers, improve the productivity of all factors, and transform a large population country into a powerful human capital country.

Wang Peian: Thirdly, we should make great efforts to implement the comprehensive two-child policy established at the Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee. At present, the broad masses are faced with the problem of unwillingness and daring to give birth, and no one can bring or support children born, which are the two main problems. Premier Li Keqiang pointed out in his report on the work of the government this morning that infant care concerns millions of families. In view of the new situation after the implementation of the comprehensive two-child policy, we should accelerate the development of various forms of infant care services, support social forces in setting up nursery service institutions and strengthen childrens safety and security.

Wang Peian: We know that the main factor affecting peoples reproductive behavior is not the fertility policy, but the economic and social factors. The comprehensive two-child policy has met the needs of most families. We should vigorously promote the cohesion of fertility policy and related economic and social policies in accordance with the requirements of the report of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Make up for the shortcomings and actively develop nursery services, focusing on meeting the needs of different cities under the age of 3. Emphasis should be laid on the implementation of various welfare benefits and free family planning services enjoyed by couples of childbearing age in accordance with the law, and the implementation of tax deductions and exemptions. Strength and weakness, improve family development policy system, support womens career development, and build a reproductive friendly social environment.

Wang Peian: General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee that we should improve the population development strategy. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasizes the need to strengthen the population development strategy. The essence of population problem is economic problem and development problem. Population is the most basic and active factor in economic and social system. In this regard, I appeal to relevant government departments and research institutions to attach great importance to strengthening population development strategy research, closely tracking and monitoring, and scientifically evaluating the implementation effect of the comprehensive two-child policy, so as to provide basic data support for central decision-making.